(Human Rights Watch) – In this Council’s 10th anniversary year, there has been much discussion about impact: about whether its resolutions can produce not just outputs, but effect real change for those who face violations in countries around the world. Otherwise, why are we here? This debate could not be more acute than in the case of Yemen. One year ago, the Council had the opportunity to put in place an independent international investigation into civilian deaths and injuries in the country, an opportunity to bring meaningful scrutiny to the conduct of a conflict that is costing lives. The Council failed to do so. Since then, the civilian death toll has continued to rise. Nearly 11,000 civilians have been killed or injured since March 2015.