Seven parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government forces and pro-Government militias. In January, the Council will receive a briefing on SCR 2393 (2017), adopted on December 19, that reiterates all previous humanitarian resolutions. In his last report (S/2017/982, para. 13) from November, the SG stated that children are particularly affected by the fighting and, in some incidents, have constituted the majority of casualties. The Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, in his statement to the Council in November, expressed concern that one third of Syria’s schools are damaged or destroyed and more than half of its health facilities are not operational. Council Members should:

  • Demand immediate and complete implementation of relevant resolutions, and that all parties and their influencers take effective measures to end and prevent all grave violations against children;
  • Urge all parties and their influencers to immediately end attacks on schools and hospitals, and call for schools and hospitals to be publically declared no-go objects/targets by parties to conflict, for purposes of threats, attacks, or military use;
  • Call on parties to conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law, and to this end, immediately lift all sieges on populated areas, allow for immediate medical evacuation of civilians in need of lifesaving care, and end deliberate water cuts used as a weapon of war;
  • Urge all parties to conflict to release children from their ranks, applying to both Government armed forces and non-State armed groups, and to guarantee treatment in line with international norms and standards for children associated with opposing parties and captured during military operations. These children should be promptly released to civilian child protection actors instead of subjected to detention, already having been victim to the crime of child recruitment.

Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2018

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans signedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
 Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d a,b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups* a a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham a,b a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e
Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham) a,b a,b a,b a,b
People’s Protection Units (YPG) a a a a
Army of Islam a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.