Seven parties are listed for grave violations, including Government forces and pro-Government militias. In July, the Council will receive regular briefings on the implementation of resolutions 2118 (2013), 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2332 (2016), 2393 (2017) and 2401 (2018). In his May report (S/2018/484, paras. 18, 19), the SG expressed concern over the number of child victims of explosive hazards and the impact of air and ground-based strikes on children, noting 2017 was the deadliest year for children since the conflict began. He further expressed concern regarding ongoing attacks on schools and hospitals and denial of humanitarian access. UN officials, including Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for Syria Panos Moumtzis and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs/Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock, have expressed concern over the deteriorating situation in Idlib, where dozens of children were killed in a recent airstrike. The Council should:

  • Call on parties to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with IHL, and urge the Government to authorize immediate access of humanitarian convoys to besieged and hard-to-reach areas, and to this end, immediately lift all sieges on populated areas, allow for prompt medical evacuation of civilians in need of lifesaving assistance, and end deliberate water cuts;
  • Urge all parties to immediately end threats of and attacks on schools and hospitals, including against protected persons, and take steps to avoid their military use;
  • Call for the acceleration of humanitarian mine action programming, prioritizing areas where civilians are returning, including Raqqa, to reverse the growing number of child victims;
  • Echoing the SG, call for a full and independent investigation into the June 7 attack on Zardana village in northern Idlib.

Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2018.

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans signedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
 Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d a,b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups* a a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham a,b a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e
Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham) a,b a,b a,b a,b
People’s Protection Units (YPG) a a a a
Army of Islam a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.