Seven parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government forces and pro-Government militias. In January, the Council will receive briefings on SCR 2393 (2017), adopted on December 19, that reiterates all previous humanitarian resolutions. In his last report (S/2018/138, paras. 9, 14, and Annex) from February, the SG expressed concern over the high prevalence of children being affected by incidents stemming from unexploded ordnance, landmines, and improvised explosive devices. Both the SG’s report and the statement by Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, to the Security Council, mention high numbers of child casualties as result of continued air and ground-based strikes. The Council should:

  • Demand the immediate and complete implementation of relevant Security Council Resolutions, especially Resolutions 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2268 (2016), 2332 (2016), 2393 (2017), and 2401 (2018), and that all parties and their influencers take effective measures to end and prevent all grave violations against children;
  • Urge all parties and their influencers to immediately end attacks on schools and hospitals, and call for schools and hospitals to be publically declared no-go objects or targets by parties to conflict, for purposes of threats, attacks, or military use;
  • Call on parties to conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law, and to this end, immediately lift all sieges on populated areas, allow for immediate medical evacuation of civilians in need of lifesaving care, and end deliberate water cuts used as a weapon of war;
  • Urge all parties to ensure that captured children associated with armed groups or armed forces are treated in line with international standards and are promptly released to civilian child protection actors for support and reintegration, as stipulated by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international human rights law instruments.

Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2018.

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans signedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
 Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d a,b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups* a a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham a,b a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e
Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham) a,b a,b a,b a,b
People’s Protection Units (YPG) a a a a
Army of Islam a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.