Seven parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government forces and pro-Government militias. In January, the Council will receive a briefing on SCR 2393 (2017), adopted on December 19, that reiterates all previous humanitarian resolutions. In his last report (S/2017/982, para. 13) from November, the SG stated that children are particularly affected by the fighting and, in some incidents, have constituted the majority of casualties. The Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, in his statement to the Council in November, expressed concern that one third of Syria’s schools are damaged or destroyed and more than half of its health facilities are not operational. Council Members should:
Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2018
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups*||a||a||a||a||a|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d,e|
|Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham)||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People’s Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a||a|
|Army of Islam||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.