Six armed groups and the Government forces and pro-Government militias are listed for grave violations. In September, the Council will receive regular briefings on the implementation of Resolutions 2118 (2013), 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2268 (2016), 2332 (2016), 2393 (2017) and 2401 (2018). Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba, reported to the Council on July 27 the verification of over 1,200 violations against children in 2018 thus far, with more than 600 children killed or maimed; over 180 recruited and used; at least 60 schools attacked; and over 100 attacks on medical facilities or personnel, largely a result of military escalation during the last six months by various parties in the areas of Afrin, Hama, Idlib, Eastern Ghouta, and Dara’a, which displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians. In August, the Special Advisor to the UN Special Envoy for Syria, Jan Egeland, expressed significant concern for the civilian population, emphasizing it is not too late for parties to conflict to reach agreements that protect civilians in Idlib. On August 29 the SG warned of the growing risk of a humanitarian catastrophe in the event of a full-scale military operation in Idlib. The Council should:

  • Urgently address the escalation in Idlib and urge parties to come to an agreement prioritizing the protection of the civilian population, particularly children;
  • Call on the Government to allow sustained and unimpeded humanitarian access to hard-to-reach and retaken areas, and displaced populations, including by lifting any impediments that could delay, reduce, or prevent the delivery of humanitarian assistance to persons in need, without discrimination; and further, allow for freedom of movement of the civilian population;
  • Call for the immediate release of all children associated with parties to conflict and urge all listed parties to enter into action plans with the UN to end and prevent recruitment and use of children;
  • Urge all parties to fully comply with international law by ending attacks and threats of attacks on schools and hospitals and protected persons, as well as to immediately end the military use of schools and hospitals and other civilian infrastructures;
  • Call for the acceleration of humanitarian mine action programming, to reverse the growing number of child victims;

Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2018.

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans signedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
 Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d a,b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups* a a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham a,b a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e
Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham) a,b a,b a,b a,b
People’s Protection Units (YPG) a a a a
Army of Islam a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.