Six armed groups and the Government forces and pro-Government militias are listed for grave violations. In September, the Council will receive regular briefings on the implementation of Resolutions 2118 (2013), 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2268 (2016), 2332 (2016), 2393 (2017) and 2401 (2018). Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Virginia Gamba, reported to the Council on July 27 the verification of over 1,200 violations against children in 2018 thus far, with more than 600 children killed or maimed; over 180 recruited and used; at least 60 schools attacked; and over 100 attacks on medical facilities or personnel, largely a result of military escalation during the last six months by various parties in the areas of Afrin, Hama, Idlib, Eastern Ghouta, and Dara’a, which displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians. In August, the Special Advisor to the UN Special Envoy for Syria, Jan Egeland, expressed significant concern for the civilian population, emphasizing it is not too late for parties to conflict to reach agreements that protect civilians in Idlib. On August 29 the SG warned of the growing risk of a humanitarian catastrophe in the event of a full-scale military operation in Idlib. The Council should:
Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2018.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups*||a||a||a||a||a|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d,e|
|Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham)||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People’s Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a||a|
|Army of Islam||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.