Seven parties are listed for grave violations, including Government forces and pro-Government militias. In July, the Council will receive regular briefings on the implementation of resolutions 2118 (2013), 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2332 (2016), 2393 (2017) and 2401 (2018). In his May report (S/2018/484, paras. 18, 19), the SG expressed concern over the number of child victims of explosive hazards and the impact of air and ground-based strikes on children, noting 2017 was the deadliest year for children since the conflict began. He further expressed concern regarding ongoing attacks on schools and hospitals and denial of humanitarian access. UN officials, including Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for Syria Panos Moumtzis and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs/Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock, have expressed concern over the deteriorating situation in Idlib, where dozens of children were killed in a recent airstrike. The Council should:
Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2018.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups*||a||a||a||a||a|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d,e|
|Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham)||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People’s Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a||a|
|Army of Islam||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.