Seven parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government forces and pro-Government militias. In January, the Council will receive briefings on SCR 2393 (2017), adopted on December 19, that reiterates all previous humanitarian resolutions. In his last report (S/2018/138, paras. 9, 14, and Annex) from February, the SG expressed concern over the high prevalence of children being affected by incidents stemming from unexploded ordnance, landmines, and improvised explosive devices. Both the SG’s report and the statement by Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, to the Security Council, mention high numbers of child casualties as result of continued air and ground-based strikes. The Council should:
Kuwait and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2018.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and pro-government militias*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups*||a||a||a||a||a|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d,e|
|Nursah Front (also known as Jabhat Fath al-Sham)||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People’s Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a||a|
|Army of Islam||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.