Russian armed forces and affiliated groups are listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s 2023 annual report (S/2023/363) on children and armed conflict (CAAC) for killing and maiming children and for attacks on schools and hospitals. The Secretary-General added Ukraine as a situation of concern in his 2022 annual report on CAAC (S/2022/493), “in view of the ongoing war in Ukraine, including violations against civilians, including children, because of the high intensity of this conflict.” The Secretary-General’s decision to list Russian armed forces and affiliated groups marks the first time that a Permanent Member of the Security Council was included in the annexes for grave violations against children. In 2022, the UN verified 2,334 violations against 1,482 children, including the killing and maiming of 1,386 children, the use of 92 children, the abduction of 92 children, three incidents of rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, 751 attacks on schools and hospitals, and 10 incidents of the denial of humanitarian access. In addition to these grave violations, the UN verified the detention of six boys, the military use of 23 schools and seven hospitals, and the transfer of 46 children to Russia from Ukraine, including children forcibly separated from parents, children removed from schools and institutions without the consent of guardians, and a child who was given Russian citizenship.
[As we haven’t covered this situation yet, we don’t have vetted recommendations. Ukraine is not officially on the UNSC agenda – therefore there is no penholder.]
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict
|Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance||a|
|Factions in the south of Afghanistan||a|
|Factional fighting groups||a|
|Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar*||a,b,c||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia*||a||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e|
|Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban*||a||a, b, d||a,b,d,f||a||a,b||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e|
|Tora Bora Front*||a||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e|
|Latif Mansur Network*||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.