Central African Republic

Advocacy

The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, anti-Balaka local defence militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka are listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals, and the LRA is listed for abduction. According to the SG’s last report (S/2017/865, para. 37), 865 children were identified after the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) initiated dialogue on release of children with self-defense groups in Bangui’s PK5 district. The SG reported 74 children, including 48 girls, were formally released from the FPRC/MPC coalition in accordance with FPRC’s May 2017 directive prohibiting recruitment and use of children. In February, the SG will present his MINUSCA progress report pursuant SCR 2387 (2017). In January, Médicins Sans Frontières reported on several attacks on medical facilities in Batangafo and Zemio during renewed violence. Council Members should:

  • Continue to maintain capacity of MINUSCA’s child protection section to advance and consolidate commitments made by armed groups towards action plans to end and prevent grave violations against children and facilitate the release of all associated children;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease attacks on health facilities, personnel, and patients, calling for respect of medical care in conflict under international law, and urge the Government to investigate such attacks and prosecute perpetrators in a timely and impartial manner;
  • Urge the Government to finalize the draft Child Protection Code and ensure it prohibits and criminalizes the recruitment and use of all those under 18;
  • Encourage donors to contribute to reintegration programs for children released from armed groups, to prevent re-recruitment of children who are yet to enter these programs.

France is the lead country on CAR. Côte d’Ivoire chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2018.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009
UN Mission: MINUSCA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)* a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka a,b a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups  a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

News