Central African Republic


The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, anti-Balaka local defence militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka are listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals, and the LRA is listed for abduction. In March, the Assistant-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ursula Mueller, mentioned in her briefing on CAR that the upsurge in violence generated a 50 percent increase in recruitment and use of children between 2016 and 2017, and is preventing humanitarian aid from reaching populations in need. In his last report (S/2018/125, para. 51), the SG also noted the deterioration in the human rights situation and stated that MINUSCA documented cases of all six grave violations, human rights abuses, and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law involving 191 children. Council Members should:

  • Urge all parties to release all children within their ranks to child protection actors; and to that extent welcome the recent release of children from armed groups, as mentioned by the SG in his last report (S/2018/125, para. 56);
  • Urge the Government to finalize the draft Child Protection Code and ensure it prohibits and criminalizes the recruitment and use of all those under 18;
  • Echoing the SG’s concern regarding the lack of funding for long-term reintegration in child protection efforts (S/2018/125, para. 56), encourage donors to contribute to reintegration programs for children released from armed groups to aid in the prevention of their re-recruitment;
  • Call on all parties to conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law.

France is the lead country on CAR. Côte d’Ivoire chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)* a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka a,b a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups  a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.