Central African Republic


The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, anti-balaka local defence militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are all listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka are also listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals, and the LRA is listed for abduction. The Panel of Experts’ midterm report is due to the Council in July, pursuant to SCR 2399 (2018). The Panel’s last report from December 2017 (S/2017/1023) noted ongoing use of children by armed groups, including ex-Séléka armed groups that released 134 children last September, and military use of schools. In June, the Mouvement Patriotique pour la Centrafrique (MPC) became the first party in CAR currently listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s (SG) annual report to sign an action plan with the UN. In light of the recent deterioration of the humanitarian situation, Humanitarian Coordinator Najat Rochdi issued a statement condemning attacks on hospitals and threats against medical workers and patients by unnamed armed groups in Bambari. The Security Council should:

  • Urge the MPC to implement its action plan without delay, with engagement of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR), and allow it to monitor progress;
  • Encourage the Panel of Experts to continue to support the Sanctions Committee’s work by providing specific information on individuals and entities committing grave violations against children pursuant to its designation criteria, which include recruitment and use of children, sexual and genderbased violence, attacks on schools and hospitals, and obstruction of delivery or access to humanitarian assistance, and include such information in its reporting to the Council;
  • Immediately review and approve designations for individuals and entities involved in planning, directing, or committing violations of applicable international human rights law (IHRL) or international humanitarian law (IHL), in accordance with criteria set out in SCR 2399 (2018), and enforce travel bans and other restrictions on those previously sanctioned without delay;
  • Invite the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSGCAAC) to jointly brief the Sanctions Committee and the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (SCWG-CAAC), as done in December 2015.

France is the lead country on CAR. Cóte D’ivoire chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)* a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka a,b a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups  a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.