The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, the anti-balaka local defense militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are all listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka coalition is also listed for attacks on schools and hospitals, and the LRA for abduction. In November, MINUSCA’s mandate is due for renewal per SCR 2387 (2017). The Secretary- General’s (SG) October report on MINUSCA reported the continued killing, maiming, and recruitment of children by armed groups, as well as attacks on schools and hospitals. The report also cited the denial of humanitarian access, noted as particularly problematic in Kaga Bandoro (S/2018/922, para. 39). The Panel of Experts’ most recent report, pursuant to SCR 2339 (2017), submitted to the Security Council in July, also confirmed ongoing fighting that resulted in violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, involving both anti-balaka and ex-Séléka fighters, including widespread rapes and sexual assaults, indiscriminate killing of civilians, and targeted attacks against humanitarian personnel and their compounds (S/2018/729, summary). The Panel also reported the attack on a Fulani camp in Mbaidou by anti-balaka elements in mid-March, which resulted in the killing of approximately 15, including children. The report’s annex 6.8 contains photos of the victims, including a baby or small toddler.
The UN Security Council should:
FRANCE IS THE LEAD COUNTRY ON CAR. COTE D’IVOIRE CHAIRS THE 2127 SANCTIONS COMMITTEE.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2018.
Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2016; 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2016; 2011; 2009
UN Mission: MINUSCA
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)*||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c,e||a,b,c,e|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka||a,b||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.