Central African Republic


The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, the anti-balaka local defense militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are all listed in the Secretary-General’s (SG) annual report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence. The ex-Séléka coalition is also listed for attacks on schools and hospitals, and the LRA for abduction. The Panel of Experts’ midterm report to the Security Council is due by July 30, pursuant to Resolution 2454 (2019). While the February 6 peace agreement between the Government and 14 armed groups represents progress, including in addressing the six grave violations, insecurity and violence have continued, and the humanitarian situation remains dire. Between May 19 and 21, members of the armed group Retour, réclamation et rehabilitation (3R) coordinated a series of attacks in the Ouham-Pendé Prefecture, which resulted in at least 49 civilians killed, including a 12-year-old boy. UNICEF has warned that conditions on the ground remain extremely dangerous for children, who have been targeted and recruited to fight. In his latest report on CAR (S/2019/498), the SG noted that the Front populaire pour la renaissance de la Centrafrique and the Mouvement patriotique pour la Centrafrique (MPC), both part of the ex-Séléka coalition, have been reinforcing positions and occupying schools around Bakala in Ouaka prefecture since mid-December 2018, endangering children’s lives and denying their right to education. Attacks on humanitarian workers, convoys, and compounds, as well as illegal checkpoints and other obstructions, continue to impede the delivery of assistance to an estimated 2.9 million – half of whom are children – in need. Between April 30 and May 5, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) visited CAR, where she met with the president, government officials, and armed group representatives, and publicly introduced the idea of a national plan to prevent grave violations against children.

The UN Security Council should:

  • Encourage the Panel of Experts to continue to support the Sanctions Committee’s work by providing specific information on individuals and entities committing grave violations against children in accordance with designation criteria set out in SCR 2399 (2018), including recruitment and use of children, sexual and gender-based violence, attacks on schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access, and include such information in its reporting to the Council;
  • Immediately review and approve designations for individuals and entities involved in planning, directing, or committing violations of applicable international human rights law (IHRL) or international humanitarian law (IHL), and enforce travel bans and other restrictions on those previously sanctioned without delay;
  • Demand all armed actors immediately cease all grave violations against children, including attacks on schools and hospitals and sexual violence; release all children within their ranks; and allow the safe and unrestricted delivery of humanitarian assistance to civilians in need;
  • Urge the MPC to fully and swiftly implement its action plan to end and prevent grave violations against children; further call upon all other listed parties to develop and sign action plans with the UN.

France is the lead country on CAR, and Côte d’Ivoire chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – July 2019.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)* a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka a,b a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups  a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.