Central African Republic
Three parties to conflict are listed in the Secretary-General’s (SG) 2020 annual report (S/2020/525) on children and armed conflict (CAC) for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The Lord’s Resistance Army is also listed for abduction, and the former Séléka coalition and associated groups are also listed for attacks on schools and hospitals. In July, the CAR sanctions regime is set to expire, pursuant to SCR 2507 (2020). The Council is also expected to review the mandate of the Panel of Experts, which expires in August. According to the SG’s June report (S/2020/545) on MINUSCA, 64 girls and 122 boys were separated from armed groups and entered reintegration programs from mid-February to mid-June. On June 22, Under-Secretary-General (USG) Jean-Pierre Lacroix briefed the Council, expressing concern at recent spikes in violence and violations of the 2019 Political Agreement by some armed groups. The Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (SCWG-CAAC) published its fourth conclusions on the situation of children in CAR in April. The Security Council should:
- Welcome the adoption of the Child Protection Code of February 2020, promulgated by the President in June 2020, and call on the Government to pursue accountability for perpetrators of all grave violations against children, including rape and other forms of sexual violence, through impartial investigations and prosecution, and support gender-sensitive and age-appropriate recovery and protection for survivors of sexual violence;
- Urge the Mouvement Patriotique pour la Centrafrique (MPC), the Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de la Centrafrique (FPRC), and l’Unité pour la paix en Centrafrique (UPC) to fully and swiftly implement their respective action plans to end and prevent grave violations and release all children still in their ranks; further call upon all other listed parties to develop and sign action plans, issue Command Directives prohibiting all grave violations, and release any associated children to appropriate child protection actors;
- Condemn all attacks on protected healthcare and humanitarian personnel, and demand all parties immediately cease such attacks, and allow safe and unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance and services to all children and other civilians in need;
- Call on all parties to swiftly and fully implement the SCWG-CAAC’s recommendations elaborated in its fourth conclusions on CAR.
France is the lead country on CAR, and Niger chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – July 2020.
Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007); Mouvement Patriotique pour la Centrafrique – recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals (June 2018); Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de la Centrafrique – recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals (July 2019); l’Unité pour la paix en Centrafrique – recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals (August 2019)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2019; 2016; 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2016; 2011; 2009
UN Mission: MINUSCA
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)*||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c,e||a,b,c,e|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka||a,b||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.