Central African Republic

Advocacy

The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, the anti-balaka local defense militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are all listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka coalition is also listed for attacks on schools and hospitals, and the LRA for abduction. In February, the Secretary-General’s (SG) Special Representative and head of MINUSCA Parfait Onanga-Anyanga and the chair of the 2127 Sanctions Committee Ambassador Léon Houadja Kacou Adom will brief the Council. On January 24, African Union (AU) led peace talks began in Khartoum and the Special Representative for MINUSCA is participating as a full member of the Panel of Facilitators and mediation support. In his October report to the Council, the SG reported the continued killing, maiming, and recruitment of children by armed groups, as well as attacks on schools and hospitals. The report also cited the denial of humanitarian access (S/2018/922, para. 39). The Panel of Experts have confirmed widespread rapes and sexual assaults, the indiscriminate killings of civilians, and targeted attacks against humanitarian personnel and their compounds (S/2018/729, summary). The situation of children in CAR remains dire. On January 23 before the start of the peace talks, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) Secretary-General Jan Egeland regretted the failure of both the Central African Government and the international community to respond to this crisis and called for a high-level meeting, in addition to the talks, to address the deteriorating situation, increase efforts to ensure protection of the population, and support reconstruction.

The Security Council should:

  • Demand all armed actors immediately cease all grave violations against children, including attacks on schools, hospitals, and humanitarian facilities; and sexual violence; and allow the free, safe passage of humanitarian service providers, including child protection actors;
  • Immediately review and approve designations for individuals who have committed grave violations against children per SCR 2339 (2017) including recruitment and use and sexual and gender-based violence, and enforce travel bans and other restrictions on those previously sanctioned without delay;
  • Per the Panel of Experts (S/2018/1119, para. 210) December report, urge the Government and relevant international partners to strengthen efforts to combat sexual and gender-based violence, including strengthening the capacity of the Mixed Rapid Intervention and Repression Unit for Sexual Violence against Women and Children for intervention and investigation, as well as the provision of medical, psychosocial, and legal support to the victims;
  • Ensure MINUSCA’s dedicated Child Protection Section has the support and necessary resources to efficiently and effectively carry out monitoring, reporting, and response activities, as well as to engage with parties to conflict for the release of children and the development of action plans to end and prevent grave violations;
  • Urge the Mouvement Patriotique pour la Centrafrique (MPC), part of the ex-Séléka coalition, to fully and swiftly implement its action plan, signed last May, on ending and preventing recruitment and use, killing and maiming, sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals; further call upon all other listed parties to develop and sign action plans with the UN;
  • Call on MINUSCA, other UN entities, the CAR Government, the AU, and other parties concerned to integrate child protection provisions, including those related to release and reintegration of children from armed groups, in all stages of the peace process;
  • Urge the CAR Government to criminalize the recruitment and use of children by armed forces and groups in national law, as per its obligation under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC).

FRANCE IS THE LEAD COUNTRY ON CAR. CÔTE D’IVOIRE CHAIRS THE 2127 SANCTIONS COMMITTEE.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – February 2019.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009
UN Mission: MINUSCA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)* a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka a,b a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups  a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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