Central African Republic

Advocacy

Three parties to conflict are listed in the Secretary-General’s (SG) 2019 annual report for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The LRA is also listed for abduction and the former Séléka coalition and associated groups are also listed for attacks and schools and hospitals. In October, the Working Group received the SG’s fourth report on children and armed conflict in CAR. The Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) verified grave violations against 1,364 children, 138 attacks on schools and hospitals, and 342 incidents of denial of humanitarian access to children from January 2016 to June 2019. The Working Group Should:

  • Welcome the prohibition of all six grave violations in the Accord politique pour la paix et la reconciliation en Républic centrafricaine signed in February 2018 and the ratification of Optional Protocol II of the CRC (OPAC) in September 2017;
  • Welcome the signing of action plans to end and prevent grave violations by the MPC, the FPRC, and the UPC; and encourage full and swift implementation;
  • Call on parties to immediately end recruitment and use and take steps to release all children within their ranks; urge the Government to continue efforts to provide reintegration programming for all children formerly associated with armed groups, and swiftly adopt the draft child protection law criminalizing child recruitment and use;
  • Call on the Government to pursue accountability for perpetrators of all grave violations against children including through impartial investigations and prosecution, and support appropriate recovery and protection for survivors of sexual violence;
  • Condemn all attacks on hospitals and medical personnel, and demand all parties immediately cease such attacks, and allow safe and unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance to all children in need.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – January 2020.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007); Mouvement Patriotique pour la Centrafrique – recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals (June 2018); Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de la Centrafrique – recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals (July 2019); l’Unité pour la paix en Centrafrique – recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and hospitals (August 2019)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2019; 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009
UN Mission: MINUSCA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)* a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
Local defense militias known as the anti-balaka a,b a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Former Séléka coalition and associated armed groups  a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

News