The Saudi Arabia-led coalition forces are listed for killing and maiming of children in Yemen, while Yemeni Government Forces are listed for recruitment and use. Four non-State armed groups are listed for recruitment and use; of these, the Houthis/Ansar Allah are also listed for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals. In November, the SG will report to the Council on the implementation of SCR 2201 (2015), on the political situation in Yemen. Aerial strikes by the Saudi-led coalition and the use of indiscriminate weapons by the Houthis continue to raise serious concerns for the protection of civilians, including children. On August 9, coalition forces dropped a bomb on a school bus, killing at least 40 children. Most recently, on October 24, a coalition airstrike hit a vegetable market, reportedly killing 19 civilians, including two children. In addition to the use of weapons with wide area effect in urban areas, Houthi snipers have killed children in their homes and communities. On October 23, Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock briefed the Security Council, highlighting the dire effects on civilians of the denial of humanitarian access and the blockade of commercial goods. Lowcock warned that Yemen is in grave danger of an imminent famine, with 14 million people – half the total population – at risk of becoming severely food insecure. He also warned that the Government’s expanding restrictions on the import of essential commodities, including food and fuel, could be a death knell for countless civilians, including children.
The UN Security Council should:
THE UNITED KINGDOM IS THE LEAD COUNTRY ON YEMEN. PERU CHAIRS THE 2140 SANCTIONS COMMITTEE.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2018.
|Pro-Government militias, including the Salafists and Popular Committees*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Breakaway First Armoured Division (FAD)||a|
|Yemeni armed forces (YAF)~||a||a||a||a|
|Al-Qaida in the Arab Peninsula (AQIP)||a||a||a||a|
|Government forces, including the Yemeni Armed Forces, the First Armoured Division, the Military Police, the special security forces and Republican Guards ~ *||a||a||a||a||a|
|Coalition to restore legitimacy in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia**||b,d|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.
**First listed as the Saudi Arabia-led coalition for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals in the 2016 report but removed on 24 June 2016 per addendum A/70/836/ADD.1-S/2016/360/ADD.1