In June, the Secretary-General’s (SG) second report on the situation of children and armed conflict in Yemen was formally presented to the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict. Six parties are listed for grave violations against children in Yemen. Children have borne the brunt of the conflict, UNICEF reporting at least 7,300 child casualties since March 2015. The Saudi- and Emirati-Led Coalition (SELC) has been responsible for the greatest number of child casualties, carrying out numerous airstrikes in violation of the laws of war without adequate follow-up investigations, and placing arms suppliers at risk of complicity in war crimes. The second greatest number of child casualties has been attributed to the Houthis, who have used landmines and indiscriminate weapons in civilian areas and targeted civilian infrastructure. On June 17, the head of the World Food Programme (WFP) David Beasley briefed the Security Council on the dire humanitarian situation in Yemen, reporting that food assistance was being diverted in areas controlled by the Houthis, and on June 20, WFP partially suspended operations in areas under Houthi control.
The Working Group should:
The United Kingdom is the lead country on Yemen. Peru chairs the 2140 Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2019.
|Pro-Government militias, including the Salafists and Popular Committees*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Breakaway First Armoured Division (FAD)||a|
|Yemeni armed forces (YAF)~||a||a||a||a|
|Al-Qaida in the Arab Peninsula (AQIP)||a||a||a||a|
|Government forces, including the Yemeni Armed Forces, the First Armoured Division, the Military Police, the special security forces and Republican Guards ~ *||a||a||a||a||a|
|Coalition to restore legitimacy in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia**||b,d|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.
**First listed as the Saudi Arabia-led coalition for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals in the 2016 report but removed on 24 June 2016 per addendum A/70/836/ADD.1-S/2016/360/ADD.1