In Yemen, five parties are listed for grave violations against children. The Saudi Arabia-led coalition forces were listed for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals in the SG’s 2017 CAC annual report. Escalating conflict has stalled implementation of the Government’s 2014 Action Plan to end and prevent recruitment and use. In January, the SG will give his periodic report to the Council on implementation of SCR 2201 (2015) and developments in Yemen. On November 16, the heads of UN agencies (WHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, WFP, OCHA) issued a joint statement calling for an immediate lift of the humanitarian blockade in Yemen, reminding parties that more than 11 million children are in need of humanitarian assistance. Jamie McGoldrick, Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen, issued a statement mentioning further concerns about reported attacks on hospitals, especially in the western coast and around the city of Sana’a. The Security Council should:

  • Call upon the Saudi Arabia-led coalition to immediately lift the blockade and allow unimpeded humanitarian access and commercial imports to all regions, particularly fuel, food, and medical supplies, in order to allow the assistance to populations in need, at the brink of famine, especially to children who are currently affected by armed conflict, and to reopen the Sana’a airport to commercial flights, especially to allow medical evacuations;
  • Urge for immediate implementation of a Plan of Action to end and prevent grave violations, being discussed by the UN and Saudi Arabia on behalf of the coalition following their listing, and to this end, urge the SG to transparently outline concrete measures the coalition is taking with the aim to protect children;
  • Immediately adopt a resolution condemning violations of international humanitarian and human rights law perpetrated by all parties, highlighting the principles of precaution, distinction, and proportionality in conducting attacks;
  • Echoing the request made through the Human Rights Council in General Assembly Resolution A/HRC/RES/36/31, call upon the SG and the High Commissioner on Human Rights to guarantee full administrative, technical, and logistical support to enable the Group of Eminent International and Regional Experts to carry out their mandate to investigate and monitor human rights violations and abuses, including grave violations against children.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Yemen. Peru chairs the 2140 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2018


UN Action

Year listed: 2011
Action Plans signed: Yemen Armed Forces – recruitment and use of children (May 2014)
Sanctions Committee2140 Sanctions Committee (Yemen)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Yemen: 2013
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Yemen: 2013

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Al-Houthi/Ansar Allah* a a a a a,b,d a,b,d
Pro-Government militias, including the Salafists and Popular Committees* a a a a a a a
Breakaway First Armoured Division (FAD) a
Yemeni armed forces (YAF)~ a a a a
Al-Qaida in the Arab Peninsula (AQIP) a a a a
Ansar al-Sharia* a a a a a
Government forces, including the Yemeni Armed Forces, the First Armoured Division, the Military Police, the special security forces and Republican Guards ~ * a a a a a
Coalition to restore legitimacy in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia** b,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.
**First listed as the Saudi Arabia-led coalition for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals in the 2016 report but removed on 24 June 2016 per addendum A/70/836/ADD.1-S/2016/360/ADD.1