The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), and four armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-i-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, ISIL-Khorasan Province, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use. All four armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. On March 17, UNAMA’s mandate will end pursuant to SCR 2344 (2017). According to the Secretary-General’s (SG) progress report on UNAMA (A/72/651–S/2017/1056 para. 34) covering the last quarter of 2017, the UN continued to monitor 50 children who were detained on national security-related charges in Parwan maximum security facility and subsequently transferred to the Juvenile Rehabilitation Centre in Kabul thanks to UNAMA’s advocacy. In early anticipation of the UNAMA mandate renewal, the Council Members should:

  • Renew UNAMA’s child protection mandate, and to ensure its implementation, request the SG to strengthen dedicated, robust child protection capacity within UNAMA given the cut to the P5 position resulting from the recent strategic review process, and continue to include disaggregated data and analysis on children and armed conflict in Afghanistan in all his future reports; UN budget negotiations for UNAMA should comply with the Council’s mandate for ensuring distinct lines for child protection to deliver on the Council’s mandate;
  • Urge the Government to fully and without delay implement the National Directorate for Security directive issued on July 2, 2016, instructing that children no longer be held in its detention facilities and the cessation of transfers of children to its maximum security prison;
  • Urge the Government to ensure due process for all children detained on national security charges, regardless of the arresting authority, with an emphasis on alternatives to prosecution; children associated with non-state armed groups should be treated primarily as victims and in accordance with international juvenile justice standards. Urge the Government to transfer all children from prisons to Juvenile Rehabilitation Centers in accordance with national and international juvenile justice standards;
  • Support the SG in his observation (A/72/651–S/2017/1056 para. 62) that it is unacceptable that armed forces and groups continue to use education facilities, and remind the Government of its commitments under Safe Schools Declaration.

The Netherlands is the lead country on Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Taliban Sanction Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
ISIL – Khorasan Province a,b

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.