The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), are listed in the Secretary-General’s (SG) latest report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use. Four armed groups are listed for recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. Of these, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant-Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP) is also listed for attacks on schools and hospitals, and the Taliban for attacks on schools and hospitals and abductions. In September, the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict received the SG’s fourth report on children and armed conflict in Afghanistan. Over 14,000 grave violations were verified during the reporting period, covering January 2015 to December 2018. In October, UNAMA’s quarterly report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict documented record-high numbers of civilian casualties, including 1,220 children verified as killed (291) and maimed (929). Forty-one percent of all civilian casualties were women and children. The Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict should:
- Urge the Government to swiftly and fully implement its 2011 action plan and 2014 roadmap to end and prevent recruitment and use by its security forces, and intensify efforts to end and prevent recruitment and use by the ANP, the ALP, and Afghan Territorial Forces;
- Strongly condemn all grave violations, especially killing and maiming of children through deliberate attacks on civilians and civilian objects, or the use of explosive objects in populated areas, and urge all parties to uphold their obligations under international humanitarian law;
- Urge all parties to take immediate and specific measures to end and prevent rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, including the practice of bacha bazi, and ensure timely and impartial investigation and prosecution of perpetrators in accordance with the revised penal code;
- Demand that all parties immediately cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration;
- Request that the SG continue to strengthen UNAMA’s child protection capacity, including by ensuring distinct budget lines, for the effective delivery of its child protection mandate.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – November 2019.
Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 2011; 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 2011; 2009
UN Mission: UNAMA
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict
|Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance||a|
|Factions in the south of Afghanistan||a|
|Factional fighting groups||a|
|Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar*||a,b,c||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah*||a||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban*||a||a, b, d||a,b,d,f||a||a,b||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|Tora Bora Front*||a||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|Latif Mansur Network*||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|ISIL – Khorasan Province||a,b|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.