The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), and four armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hizb-I Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, ISIL-Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP), and Taliban forces and affiliated groups) are listed for recruitment and use. All are listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. The Secretary-General (SG) is due to report to the Council on UNAMA by September 8, pursuant to SCR 2405 (2018). In his June report (S/2018/538, para. 62), covering the first quarter of 2018, the SG cited a three-fold rise in recruitment and use compared to the previous reporting period and an increase in attacks on health care and denials of humanitarian assistance (paras. 30-31). Children comprised more than half of civilian casualties documented by UNAMA in aerial strikes and 25 percent of all civilian casualties during the reporting period (para 28); children comprised 89 percent of victims of explosive remnants of war (para. 49). Attacks on schools and mosques accounted for 75 percent of election-related security incidents; and the UN documented military use of two schools by the Afghan National Army (para. 30). ISIL-KP claimed the recent suicide bomb attack that killed at least 34 students studying for university entrance exams. In August more than 200 civilians died during the battle for the city of Ghazni. OCHA reports that humanitarian assistance could not reach the city due to the known presence of IEDs and mines placed along the key access roads. The Security Council should:

  • Demand that all parties take effective measures to prevent and end all grave violations against children in conflict, including those resulting from aerial bombardments, and by ending the use of explosive weapons in populated areas;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease recruitment and use and remind parties that children associated with armed groups should be considered primarily as victims and treated in accordance with applicable international justice standards and ensure appropriate programs are established for adequate rehabilitation and reintegration of children;
  • Call on all parties to immediately cease attacks on medical facilities and personnel, and further facilitate the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance, including the removal by the Government of IEDs and mines placed around the city of Ghazni to allow aid workers and food to access populations in need;
  • With parliamentary elections scheduled for October, call on the Government to avoid using school premises as polling stations, which can heighten their vulnerability to attacks and disrupt education.

The Netherlands is the lead country on Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Taliban Sanction Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
ISIL – Khorasan Province a,b

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.