The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), are listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s (SG) 2019 report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use. Four armed groups are listed for recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. Of these, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant-Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP) is also listed for attacks on schools and hospitals, and the Taliban for attacks on schools and hospitals and abductions. In March, the SG will report on the situation in Afghanistan, pursuant to SCR 2489 (2019). According to UNAMA, more than 3,000 children were killed or injured in Afghanistan in 2019. This represents a three percent increase from 2018, with casualties attributed to suicide and complex attacks by the Taliban, attacks by the Taliban during the presidential election, continuing aerial attacks by Government and international forces, and explosive remnants of war (ERW). Humanitarian workers report a significant increase in aerial missions run by the Afghan Air Force and international military forces over the past year, elevating operational risks to reach the most vulnerable children. On February 29, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement, following a week-long “reduction in violence.” The Security Council should:
- Strongly condemn all grave violations, especially killing and maiming of children through deliberate attacks on civilians and civilian objects, or the use of aerial strikes or explosive objects in populated areas, and urge all parties to uphold their obligations under international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law;
- Urge the Government of Afghanistan to swiftly and fully implement its 2011 action plan and 2014 roadmap to end and prevent child recruitment and use by its security forces, and intensify efforts to end and prevent recruitment and use by the ANP, ALP, and Afghan Territorial Forces;
- Urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration and ensure full implementation of the Guidelines on Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict;
- Remind all parties that children should be considered primarily as victims, entitled to full protection of their rights, and urge the Government to develop and prioritize alternatives to detention whenever possible, ensuring the best interests of the child, in accordance with juvenile justice standards;
- Call for the protection, rights, well-being, and empowerment of children affected by armed conflict to be fully incorporated and prioritized in ongoing and future efforts to build and sustain peace; and encourage and facilitate consideration of the views of children in these processes where possible and compatible with best interests of the child.
Germany and Indonesia are the lead countries on Afghanistan.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – March 2020.
Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: 1988 Sanctions Committee and 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2019; 2015; 2011; 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 2011; 2009
UN Mission: UNAMA
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict
|Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance||a|
|Factions in the south of Afghanistan||a|
|Factional fighting groups||a|
|Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar*||a,b,c||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah*||a||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban*||a||a, b, d||a,b,d,f||a||a,b||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|Tora Bora Front*||a||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|Latif Mansur Network*||a||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d||a,b,d,e||a,b,d,e|
|ISIL – Khorasan Province||a,b|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.