The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), and four armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-i-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, ISIL-Khorasan Province, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use. All four armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. In SCR 2405 (2018) the Council extended UNAMA’s mandate until March 2019 and expressed concern over the high levels of recruitment and child casualties, especially by armed groups. In his last report (S/2018/165, para. 23), the Secretary-General (SG) expressed concern over last year’s increase in civilian casualties, and especially child casualties, from aerial attacks, making it the deadliest year since 2009. In March, the Norwegian Refugee Council reported that an attack on a school in Kabul injured at least 11 students and a later air attack in the northern province of Kunduz allegedly killed hundreds of civilians, mostly children. Council Members should:

  • Demand that all parties take effective measures to prevent and end all grave violations against children in conflict, including those resulting from aerial bombardments, and by ending the use of explosive weapons in populated areas;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use;
  • Echoing the SG’s concern (S/2018/165, para. 25), urge all parties to immediately cease attacks on medical facilities and personnel, and occupation of medical facilities;
  • In discussing the concern of recruitment by armed groups, remind all parties that children associated with non-state armed groups should be considered primarily as victims and in accordance with applicable international justice standards and ensure appropriate programs are established for adequate reintegration of children formerly associated with armed forces or groups.
  • With this year’s parliamentary elections, call on the Government to avoid using school premises as polling stations, which can heighten their vulnerability to attack and disturb children’s right to education.

The Netherlands is the lead country on Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Taliban Sanction Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
ISIL – Khorasan Province a,b

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.