The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), and four armed groups are listed for recruitment and use. All are listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abductions. UNAMA’s mandate is due for renewal in March 2019. According to UNAMA’s annual report on the protection of civilians, released on February 24, 2019, more civilians were killed in the Afghan conflict in 2018 than at any time since records have been kept. In 2018 alone, 927 children were killed, the highest recorded number of boys and girls killed in the conflict in a single year. UNAMA cites a spike in suicide attacks by Anti-Government Elements (AGEs), as well as a doubling of child deaths from aerial and search operations by Pro-Government Forces, as the key factors contributing to this increase. UNAMA recorded 2,135 children injured in 2018, with children representing 28 percent of all killed and injured. There was a 15 percent increase in child casualties attributed to Pro-Government Forces in 2018. In his December report on Afghanistan, the Secretary-General (SG) cited 33 incidents of attacks on schools and education personnel, 19 attacks against health care facilities/workers, and eight incidents of denial of humanitarian access between July and September (S/2018/1092, para. 32). The Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) verified nine incidents of recruitment and use involving 19 boys (10 by the Taliban, seven by pro-Government militia, and two by the ALP), as well as three cases of sexual violence against children, including for the purposes of bacha bazi, by the ANP and ALP.

The Security Council should:

  • Renew UNAMA’s child protection mandate, and to ensure its implementation, request the SG to strengthen dedicated child protection capacity within UNAMA; in subsequent budget negotiations, ensure distinct budget lines for child protection in order to allow UNAMA to effectively deliver on its CAAC mandate;
  • Demand that all parties take effective measures to prevent and end all grave violations against children, including those resulting from aerial bombardments and from the use of explosive weapons in populated areas;
  • Urge the Government to treat children primarily as victims, ensure due process for all children detained on national security charges, and transfer all children from prisons to juvenile rehabilitation centers in accordance with national and international juvenile justice standards;
  • Demand that the Government takes concrete actions to ensure accountability and end impunity for grave violations, including sexual violence against children; and to that end, fully establish an investigative team to enhance the work of Afghan judges, investigators, and prosecutors.

Germany and Indonesia are the lead countries on Afghanistan. Indonesia chairs the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Afghanistan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – March 2019.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
ISIL – Khorasan Province a,b

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.