The Somali National Army (SNA) is listed for recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children, and Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama’a (ASWJ) is listed for recruitment and use. Al-Shabaab is listed for all five trigger violations. In 2012, the Government signed action plans to end and prevent grave violations. In May, the Secretary-General will update the Council on the situation in Somalia, pursuant to SCR 2462 (2019), and provide a technical assessment of the arms embargo, per SCR 2444 (2018). The Council is expected to renew AMISOM’s mandate, which expires on May 31. Continued insecurity caused by targeting of civilians by Al-Shabaab and Islamic State (IS) affiliates, as well as the presence of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERWs), pose significant challenges to the protection of civilians and humanitarian access. US airstrikes raise additional concerns; a recent report from Amnesty International found US strikes in 2017 and 2018 were responsible for civilian casualties, including the killing and maiming of children. Insecurity, paired with the effects of drought and evictions, have driven displacement, with over 137,000 fleeing their homes in the first quarter of 2019 alone.
UN Security Council Members should:
THE UNITED KINGDOM IS THE LEAD COUNTRY ON SOMALIA.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – May 2019.
Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Somali National Army – recruitment and use of children (July 2012)
Sanctions Committee: The Sanctions Committee on Somalia
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Somalia: 2016; 2010; 2008; 2007
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Somalia: 2017; 2011; 2008; 2007
Missions: UNSOM, AMISOM
|Transitional National Government||a|
|Juba Valley Alliance||a||a|
|Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council||a|
|Rahanwein Resistance Army (RRA)||a||a, b|
|Rahanwein Resistance Army (RRA/SNSC) of Mohamed Ibrahim Habsade||a|
|United Somali Congress/Somali Salvation Alliance (USC/SSA)-faction of Muse Sudi Yalahow)||a|
|Middle Shabelle Administration||a, b|
|Puntland Administration||a, b|
|Somali Patriotic Movement/Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council||a, b|
|United Somali Congress (USC) of Mohamed Kanyare Afrah||a, c|
|United Somali Congress/Somali Salvation Alliance (USC/SSA) of Omar||a, c|
|Lower Shabelle Administration||a|
|Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter Terrorism (ARPCT)||a, b, d|
|Union of the Islamic Courts (ICU)||a, b|
|Remnants of the former Union of the Islamic Courts (UIC)||a, b||a, b, d|
|Transitional Federal Government (TFG)||a, b, c, d, f||a, b, d||a, b||a, b||a, b|
|Al-Shabaab*||a, b, d||a, b||a, b||a, b||a, b||a,b||a,b||a,b,e||a,b,e|
|Hizbul Islam||a||a, b|
|Somali National Army (SNA) (Formerly listed as Somali National Armed Forces)~*||a, b||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama’a (ASWJ)||a||a||a,b||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.