Three non-state armed groups are listed in the annexes of the SG’s latest annual report on CAAC for recruiting and using children. In 2021, the UN verified the recruitment and use of 27 children (14 boys, 13 girls), the killing and maiming of 21 children (15 boys, six girls), five attacks on schools and protected persons, and the abduction of one boy. Additionally, the UN verified four grave violations that had occurred in previous years. Government forces detained 24 children (13 boys, 11 girls), 15 of whom were released. The Security Council should:

  • Demand that all parties uphold their obligations under IHL and IHRL; call on all parties engage with the UN to end and prevent grave violations against children; and urge accountability for all perpetrators;
  • Call on the Government to ensure the Special Protection of Children in Situations of Armed Conflict Act and Children in Situations of Armed Conflict Handling Protocol are fully and consistently implemented, including with regard to the treatment of children affected by the armed conflict primarily as victims and ensuring their swift handover to civilian child protection authorities;
  • Call on the Government to endorse and implement the Paris Principles and Commitments and the Safe Schools Declaration and to implement the Vancouver Principles, which it has endorsed.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2022.

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: No
Previous Action Plans: MILF – recruitment and use of children (July 2009) *Delisted in 2017 following compliance with Action Plan.
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Philippines: 2020; 2017; 2013; 20102008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Philippines: 2020; 2017; 2014; 20102008

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
New People’s Army (NPA)* a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF)~* a a a a, b a a a a a a a a a
Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) a
Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)* a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.