In armed conflicts around the world, children and adolescents are subjected to egregious violations, such as sexual violence, killing and maiming, abduction, and recruitment and use as child soldiers. The day-to-day lives of these children are further disrupted by attacks on their schools and hospitals, and by the denial of humanitarian assistance.

Although tangible progress has been made in recent years to hold perpetrators accountable and to prevent future violations, there remains an urgent need for more effective programs and policies to address the needs of children affected by armed conflict.

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict strives to end violations against children in armed conflicts and to guarantee their rights. As a global network, the Watchlist builds partnerships among local, national, and international nongovernmental organizations, enhancing mutual capacities and strengths. Working together, we collect and disseminate information on violations against children in conflicts in order to influence key decision-makers to create and implement programs and policies that effectively protect children.

Watchlist’s work follows three main program areas:

History and Governance

Watchlist was formed in 2001 by a group of leading human rights and humanitarian organizations in response to the need for improved monitoring and reporting on violations against children in war. Watchlist is known for its work on children and human rights, boasting – through its members – both a solid expertise on child protection and a wealth of information and experiences coming directly from the ground.

Watchlist’s programmatic content is set by an Advisory Board composed of seven international NGOs. Its network further includes five Associate Member organizations who share our commitment to protect the security and rights of children affected by armed conflict.

Watchlist membership includes, but is not limited to, the following organizations:

Annual Reports


Adrianne Lapar, Partnerships Officer

Adrianne is responsible for managing Watchlist’s Partnerships Program, which supports nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and networks in conflict-affected countries to monitor and report on grave violations against children, and advocate on their behalf at the local and global levels. Prior to joining Watchlist, Adrianne served as an Associate Protection Officer with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Colombia, where her work focused on strengthening State institutions’ response to victims of the armed conflict, managing individual protection cases, and coordinating international response at the regional level. Her prior experience includes over two years of field work in human rights and humanitarian protection in South Sudan, as well as four years of international advocacy experience with Human Rights Watch in New York. Adrianne has an MA in Political Science and a BA in International Studies and Spanish Language and Literature, both from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is based in New York.

Bonnie Berry, Senior Program Manager

Bonnie is responsible for supporting Watchlist’s programmatic work, grants management, and communications. Bonnie previously served as Watchlist’s Research and Communications Intern, supporting the development of the 2014 Field Monitor Who Will Care for Us: Grave Violations against Children in Northeast Nigeria. Bonnie worked as a teacher in China, and was employed in education administration with a public charter school in Washington, DC. Bonnie holds an MA in international affairs from the New School and a BA in international affairs, with a minor in Mandarin, from the George Washington University. She is based in New York.

Bukeni Waruzi, Executive Director

Bukeni manages the overall work of Watchlist, with support from the Advisory Board. Bukeni joined Watchlist in March 2018, and he is an expert on children and armed conflict. Bukeni is a native of Uvira, in the Eastern DRC, where he founded AJEDI-Ka/Projet Enfants Soldats, an organization working to prevent the recruitment of child soldiers and support their demobilization and reintegration. He led the organization for nine years, spearheading innovative programs including the use of cell-phones to document child rights violations, and producing video evidence that was instrumental in the International Criminal Court’s indictment and conviction of Thomas Lubanga for the recruitment and use of child soldiers in the DRC. From 2007 to 2017, Bukeni led work on Africa and the Middle East for WITNESS, where he also led the organization’s Global Campaign on Sexual and Gender-Based Violence. During the campaign, he supported women’s rights activists to create effective strategies to fight for gender justice through video and other technologies. He also trained hundreds of activists in documentation of human rights violations and evidence-based advocacy, including through the use of video. During his career, he has developed extensive experience in strategic leadership and program design, fundraising, advocacy and communications, and team leadership. He holds a BS in economics from the Evangelical University in Africa in Bukavu (DRC) and a MA in Human Rights and Conflict Resolution from Chaire Unesco-University of Burundi. Bukeni is based in New York.

Christine Monaghan, Research Officer

Christine is responsible for preparing the organization’s “Field Monitors,” which aim to provide regular updates and policy advice, based on information from the field, to improve national and global policy responses for children affected by armed conflict. Christine previously served as a Program Officer at the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack, where she coordinated activities designed to develop an evidence-base on programmatic measures to protect education from attack and conducted research for Education Under Attack 2018. She has carried out multiple research projects in countries throughout sub-Saharan Africa, including an evaluation of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding, Education, and Advocacy (PBEA) program in Ethiopia and Kenya’s Dadaab refugee camp. She has also taught courses in International Education at the University of Virginia and New York University. Christine holds a PhD focused on international relations and refugee education and a BA in History, both from the University of Virginia. She is based in New York.

Katie Tyrrell, Development Officer

Katie works to advance the organization’s fundraising and outreach efforts. Prior to working at Watchlist, Katie served as a Program Officer at the Open Society Foundations (OSF), focusing on women’s rights issues, including violence against women, access to justice for women and women’s participation in the public sphere, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Palestine, Lebanon, and Iraq. She also worked as a Senior Grants Officer across a number of the organization’s programs. Before joining OSF, Katie worked as a Contracts Manager for international development organizations in New York and Washington, DC, focusing on the implementation of current projects and the pursuit of new funding opportunities. Katie holds an MA in global affairs with a focus on human rights and humanitarian assistance from New York University and a BA in international affairs from the George Washington University with minors in economics and Russian language and literature. She is based in New York.