In January, the Working Group expects to receive the SG’s fourth report on the situation of children and armed conflict in Myanmar. Eight parties are listed for the recruitment and use of children, including Government forces. In its conclusions, the Working Group should:

  • Condemn in the strongest terms the grave violations of children’s rights committed in Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan states, urging all parties to conflict in Myanmar to respect their obligations under international law and put in place measures to immediately cease and prevent all future violations;
  • Call upon all parties to conflict to grant the UN full access to relevant areas for the purposes of monitoring and reporting on and dialogue with all relevant parties to end and prevent grave violations against children, access for humanitarian organizations to deliver lifesaving aid to children and all civilians in dire need, and access for the special envoy on Myanmar once appointed and the independent fact finding mission;
  • Urge the Government to fully comply with its action plan with the UN to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children in its national army, and furthermore, to grant access to the UN’s Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting to armed groups listed in the SG’s report in order to develop and sign action plans of their own; to this end, further encourage all listed groups to consider entering into dialogue with the UN;
  • Strongly encourage all parties to consider children and armed conflict in all relevant peace negotiations, building on the first rounds held in 2016 and 2017.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw Kyi) – recruitment and use of children (June 2012); Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Karenni Army (KA) have sought to conclude an action plan but the United Nations has been prevented from doing so by the Government of Myanmar.
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Myanmar: 2017; 201320092007
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Myanmar: 2013; 20092008

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Tatmadaw Kyi (government army) (including integrated border guard forces from 2011 onward)~* a a a a,b,f a,f a a a a a a a a
Karen National Union (KNU) (merged with KNLA in 2012) a a
Karenni National Liberation Army (KNLA) (merged with KNU in 2012)* a a a a a a a a a a a a a
Karenni Army (KA) (merged with Karenni National Progressive Party in 2012)* a a a a a a a a a a a a
United Wa State Army (UWSA)* a a a a a a a a a a a
Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)* a a a a a a a a a a
Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council* a a a a a a a a a
Kachin Independence Army (KIA)* a a a a a a a a a a
Karenni National People’s Liberation Front (KNPLF) a a a
Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army a a a
Shan State Army-South (SSA-S)* a a a a a a a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.