In December 2017, the UN Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict received the Secretary-General’s (SG’s) fourth report on the situation of children and armed conflict in Myanmar. Covering the period from February 1, 2013 to June 30, 2017, the report did not include information on the violence in Rakhine State in the latter half of 2017 and its impact on children, and the Working Group requested an updated version, which is reportedly expected in October. In the SG’s 2018 annual report on children and armed conflict, eight parties, including Government forces (Tatmadaw), are listed for the recruitment and use of children; additionally, the Tatmadaw is listed for killing and maiming and rape and other forms of sexual violence against children.
In September the UN Human Rights Council’s (HRC’s) Independent Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) on Myanmar released a report on its 15-month examination of the situation in Kachin, Shan, and Rakhine States, documenting grave violations against children by the Tatmadaw. The FFM has called for the investigation and prosecution of Myanmar’s Commander-In-Chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, and other top military leaders for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. In September, the HRC extended the mandate of the FFM and also established a new independent mechanism to address crimes and violations committed in Myanmar. The chair of the FFM is expected to brief the General Assembly’s Third Committee in mid-October and possibly the UNSC.
In its conclusions, the Working Group should:
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2018.
Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw Kyi) – recruitment and use of children (June 2012); Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Karenni Army (KA) have sought to conclude an action plan but the United Nations has been prevented from doing so by the Government of Myanmar.
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Myanmar: 2017; 2013; 2009; 2007
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Myanmar: 2013; 2009; 2008
|Tatmadaw Kyi (government army) (including integrated border guard forces from 2011 onward)~*||a||a||a||a,b,f||a,f||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karen National Union (KNU) (merged with KNLA in 2012)||a||a|
|Karenni National Liberation Army (KNLA) (merged with KNU in 2012)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karenni Army (KA) (merged with Karenni National Progressive Party in 2012)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|United Wa State Army (UWSA)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Kachin Independence Army (KIA)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karenni National People’s Liberation Front (KNPLF)||a||a||a|
|Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army||a||a||a|
|Shan State Army-South (SSA-S)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.