The Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (SCWG-CAAC) is expected to meet on December 7 to begin conclusion negotiations on Myanmar. In December 2017, the Working Group received the Secretary-General’s (SG’s) fourth report on the situation of children and armed conflict in Myanmar, covering the period from February 1, 2013, to June 30, 2017. The Working Group requested an update that included information on the violence in Rakhine State starting in August 2017, which was publicly released on November 16, and covers the period from July 1, 2017 to August 31, 2018. In the SG’s 2018 annual CAC report, eight parties, including Government forces (Tatmadaw), are listed for recruitment and use; additionally, the Tatmadaw is listed for killing and maiming and rape and other forms of sexual violence against children. Horrific abuses against civilians by the Tatmadaw are verified in both the SG’s country-specific report on CAC and the Human Rights Council-appointed Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) report on Myanmar. The SG’s update report documents 1,166 grave violations against children across all three northern townships of Rakhine State during the reporting period, with the vast majority recorded after August 25, 2017 (S/2018/956, para. 11). The report also states that it is likely that these numbers are a significant underrepresentation of the scale of violence against children in Rakhine, due to the access restrictions put in place by the Government, as well as the fear of reprisals and stigma associated with some grave violations. The report specifically states that children were killed and injured during apparent large-scale, widespread, systematic, and organized attacks on the Rohingya by Government forces, including the Tatmadaw and border guard police. The UN further documented the systematic round-up and gang-rape of women and girls in villages during large-scale massacres by Tatmadaw soldiers, as well as the killing of girls by shooting or being burnt alive in locked houses after they were raped (para. 14). The remaining 129,000 Rohingya left in Myanmar are forced to live in camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in central Rakhine, with severe movement restrictions limiting their access to food, jobs, education, health care, and other basic services, and thus making people completely dependent on humanitarian assistance for survival (para. 11). The SG has confirmed that conditions in Rakhine are not conducive for the voluntary, safe, dignified, and sustainable return of Rohingya refugees from Bangladesh (para. 5). In Kachin and northern Shan States, there are also some 105,000 displaced civilians, including approximately 48,000 children (para. 7). In its conclusions, the Working Group should:
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: December 2018.
Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw Kyi) – recruitment and use of children (June 2012); Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Karenni Army (KA) have sought to conclude an action plan but the United Nations has been prevented from doing so by the Government of Myanmar.
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Myanmar: 2017; 2013; 2009; 2007
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Myanmar: 2013; 2009; 2008
|Tatmadaw Kyi (government army) (including integrated border guard forces from 2011 onward)~*||a||a||a||a,b,f||a,f||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karen National Union (KNU) (merged with KNLA in 2012)||a||a|
|Karenni National Liberation Army (KNLA) (merged with KNU in 2012)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karenni Army (KA) (merged with Karenni National Progressive Party in 2012)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|United Wa State Army (UWSA)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Kachin Independence Army (KIA)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Karenni National People’s Liberation Front (KNPLF)||a||a||a|
|Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army||a||a||a|
|Shan State Army-South (SSA-S)*||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.