Three armed groups, Ansar Eddine, Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (MNLA), and Mouvement pour l’unificacion et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO), are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In March 2017, the Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan with the UN to end and prevent recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In June the Council will receive the SG’s report pursuant to SCR 2364 (2017) on MINUSMA and is expected to renew its mandate ending on June 30. In his last report (S/2018/273 paras. 52 and 53) covering the first quarter of 2018, the SG mentions that the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) verified 48 instances of grave violations against children, including two cases of attacks on schools and hospitals, and 29 cases of denial of humanitarian access. The Security Council should:

  • Renew MINUSMA’s child protection mandate; and to ensure its implementation, maintain capacity of MINUSMA’s child protection section to advance and consolidate commitments made by armed groups to end and prevent grave violations against children and to facilitate the
    release of all associated children;
  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use and sexual violence, with engagement from the CTFMR, and furthermore, allow the UN to monitor its progress toward implementation;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.