Three armed groups are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence, and the Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed for recruitment and use. The Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan with the UN to end and prevent recruitment and use and sexual violence in March 2017. In September the Council will receive the SG’s first quarterly report on MINUSMA, pursuant to SCR 2423 (2018), passed in June. France will coordinate reporting with the SG on its forces’ role in implementation of the mandate. In his last report from June (S/2018/541 para. 42), the SG reported 49 verified cases of grave violations, including the killing of 10 children and maiming of nine, 10 cases of denial of humanitarian access, and 13 cases of attacks and threats against schools and hospitals. As of May, 750 schools remained closed due to insecurity in six regions, including threats and attacks (para. 48), denying 225,000 children access to education. In its final report (S/2018/581*), the Panel of Experts highlighted ongoing recruitment and use, attacks on schools, and sexual violence, among other grave violations. Council members should:

  • Urge the Mali Sanctions Committee to designate individuals and entities it determines to be responsible for grave violations against children pursuant to its designation criteria, and encourage the SRSG-CAAC to share information with the Committee and the Panel of Experts;
  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use and sexual violence, with engagement from the Country Task Force, and furthermore, allow the UN to monitor its progress toward implementation;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.