Three armed groups are listed in the Secretary-General’s (SG) 2018 annual report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use and sexual violence, and the Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed for recruitment and use. The Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan with the UN in March 2017 on recruitment and use and sexual violence. In June, the Security Council is expected to renew MINUSMA’s mandate, which expires at the end of the month. The increasing presence of armed groups and intercommunal violence have led to the deterioration of security, particularly in the central region of Mopti, and have resulted in mass displacement of civilians. On May 23, the Security Council issued a press statement condemning separate attacks on UN peacekeepers in Timbuktu and Tessalit on May 18. Violence and insecurity have had serious impacts on children, especially their access to education. At the end of March 2019, 525 schools in Mopti were closed – out of a total of 866 closed schools across the country – leaving approximately 157,000 children with no access to education. School closures have been linked mainly to insecurity and direct threats by extremist armed groups, which have triggered the withdrawal of teachers. From April to December 2018, the UN Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) documented 98 cases of child recruitment and use by armed groups. In the same period, it documented 105 cases of killings and maiming of children in the North and Center of Mali. Conflict-related sexual violence continues to be a serious concern, with 22 cases documented by MINUSMA in 2018, although it remains highly underreported. The mid-term report of the Panel of Experts (S/2019/137) also highlights incidents of obstruction of humanitarian assistance.
The Security Council should:
- Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN, and furthermore, allow the UN to monitor its progress toward implementation;
- Call upon all other listed parties to publicly express their commitment to ending and preventing all violations against children, and to expeditiously develop action plans with the UN;
- Demand all parties cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration;
- Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance.
France is the lead country on Mali, and the Dominican Republic chairs the sanctions committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – June 2019.
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict
|Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~*||a,c||a,c||a,c||a,c||a,c|
|Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest *||a,c||a,c||a,c||a,c||a,c|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.