Three armed groups (Ansar Eddine, Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (CMA), and Mouvement pour l’unificacion et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest) are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In March, CMA signed an action plan with the UN to end and prevent the recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In December, the SG will report on the implementation of MINUSMA, pursuant to SCR 2364 (2017). In his last report (S/2017/811 para. 45), the SG mentioned that as of September 11, the Malian State authorities were holding 5 boys on terrorism-related charges in detention, among 239 individuals held in State institutions. The SG noted (para. 35) that to address the increasingly volatile and complex security environment, in August, the Government initiated the development of a national action plan on preventing and fighting violent extremism and terrorism, with specific child protection provisions. Council Members should:

  • Request the SG to continue to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on MINUSMA, and specifically highlight key children and armed conflict concerns to guide Council Members’ actions on Mali with respect to child protection;
  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use and sexual violence, with engagement from the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR), and furthermore, allow the UN to monitor its progress on implementation;
  • Urge the authorities to fulfill their obligations under international law by ensuring full respect for the rights of children who are detained on terrorism-related charges;
  • In light of the Government’s development of a national action plan on preventing and fighting terrorism and violent extremism that will include child protection provisions, remind all parties that children associated with armed groups, including those engaged in violent extremism, should be treated as victims entitled to full protection of their human rights, and ask them to urgently put in place alternatives to detention and prosecution of children.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: December 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.