Three armed groups are listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s (SG) 2019 annual report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use, and rape and other forms of sexual violence, and the Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed for recruitment and use. The Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan on recruitment and use and sexual violence in 2017. In December, the SG will report on the implementation of MINUSMA’s mandate, pursuant to SCR 2480 (2019). In his latest report (S/2019/782), grave violations against children notably increased (284) compared to the previous reporting period (145), although the numbers were not disaggregated along the six grave violations (para. 69). The first half of 2019 saw a sharp increase in grave violations, particularly killing and maiming, mostly attributed to violence in the central Mopti region. Recruitment and use also doubled compared to the same period in 2018. Over 1,050 schools remain closed or non-functional due to insecurity, impacting access to education for at least 277,600 children. The Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict will visit Mali in December. The Security Council should:

  • Strongly condemn the increasing grave violations against children, and urge all parties to uphold their obligations under international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law and take all possible measures to avoid child casualties;
  • Urge the CMA to fully implement its action plan to end and prevent recruitment and use and sexual violence against children, and allow the UN the necessary access to monitor its progress on implementation;
  • Demand that armed groups immediately release all children from their ranks and take action to prevent future recruitment of children and other grave violations, including through the adoption and implementation of action plans;
  • Call on the Government of Mali to ensure full implementation of the 2013 protocol on the transfer of children captured during military operations to child protection actors, and to swiftly adopt a revised Child Protection Code which criminalizes child recruitment and use;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on schools and education personnel, and urge the Government to uphold its obligations under the Safe Schools Declaration;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance.

France is the lead country on Mali, and the Dominican Republic chairs the sanctions committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – December 2019.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.