Mali

Advocacy

Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s (SG) latest annual report on children and armed conflict (CAAC) for recruiting and using children, while Ansar Eddine and Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad are listed for recruitment and use and rape and other forms of sexual violence. In June, MINUSMA’s mandate is up for renewal, per SCR 2584 (2021). As of February, 1,672 schools remained closed due to insecurity, mostly in the central and northern regions, preventing 500,000 children from accessing education. According to the SG’s March report (S/2022/278), between January and March, the UN verified a significant increase (57 percent) in grave violations against children as compared to the previous reporting period. Violations included 149 children recruited and used, 91 children killed or maimed, 19 children subjected to rape and other forms of sexual violence, and 38 children abducted. The UN also verified attacks on 61 schools and four hospitals and 34 incidents of denial of humanitarian access. The Security Council should:

  • Renew MINUSMA’s child protection mandate, taking child protection fully into account as a cross-cutting issue, and in subsequent budget negotiations, ensure allocation of sufficient resources to enable the mission to fully deliver on this mandate;
  • Urge the transitional Government to strengthen the legal framework on child protection and reinforce efforts to hold perpetrators of grave violations accountable, including by finalizing the revision of the Child Protection Code, reinforcing national systems to prevent child recruitment and use, and conducting timely and impartial investigations and prosecutions;  Urge the Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad and the Platform to swiftly and fully implement their respective action plans;
  • Call on the transitional Government and international actors to ensure that counterterrorism operations fully uphold obligations under international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law (IHRL), and call for continued and full implementation of the 2013 handover protocol, including for children allegedly associated with armed groups designated as terrorist, treating children primarily as victims and prioritizing their reintegration, as guided by the Paris Principles;
  • Call on all parties to immediately cease attacks on schools and education personnel and urge the transitional Government to continue to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration, including by enacting the draft bill on protecting education from attack;
  • Call on all parties to swiftly and fully implement the recommendations of the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (SCWG-CAAC) elaborated in its third conclusions on Mali.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – June 2022.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: CMA (Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad), including the MNLA (Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad), action plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (March 2017)
Sanctions Committee: Mali Sanctions Committee (Current Chair: Dominican Republic)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2018; 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2020; 20182014
UN Mission: MINUSMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

News