Mali

Advocacy

In March, the Working Group received the SG’s second report on the situation of children and armed conflict in Mali and is currently working on its conclusions. Three armed groups (Ansar Eddine, Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (MNLA), and Mouvement pour l’unificacion et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest-MUJAO) are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. The Working Group should: Condemn in the strongest terms all grave violations of children’s rights, especially in Gao, Kidal, Timbuktu, and in the central regions of Segou and Mopti, urging all parties to respect their obligations under international law and put in place measures to immediately cease and prevent all future violations;

  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use and sexual violence, with the engagement from the CTFMR, and allow the UN to monitor its progress on implementation;
  • In providing support for the implementation of the Agreement on the Peace and Reconciliation in Mali pursuant to para. 20(a)ii of SCR 2364 (2017), ensure that the particular needs of children are accounted for in the demobilization, disarmament, and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform plans, as stipulated by the Resolution;
  • In light of the Government’s development of a national action plan on preventing and fighting terrorism and violent extremism that will include child protection provisions, remind all parties that children associated with armed groups, including those engaged in violent extremism, should be treated as victims entitled to full protection of their human rights, and ask them to urgently put in place alternatives to detention and prosecution of children;
  • Welcome the Government’s recent endorsement of the Safe Schools Declaration and call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools and hospitals, and urge the Government to uphold its commitment to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2018.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014
UN Mission: MINUSMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

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