Three armed groups are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence, and the Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed for recruitment and use. The Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan with the UN in March 2017 to end and prevent recruitment and use and sexual violence. In January, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) will brief the Council on the situation in Mali and MINUSMA, followed by consultations. In the SG’s first quarterly report on MINUSMA (S/2018/866), the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) verified 58 grave violations against children, including the killing of 17 children and the maiming of 14. Seven cases of attacks and threats against schools and hospitals were verified, as well as nine cases of denial of humanitarian access. MINUSMA documented conflict-related sexual violence against children during the reporting period, with cases involving rape and gang rape, and from January to June 2018, 1,115 cases of gender-based violence were recorded, including 758 cases of sexual violence. The SG reports that 68 percent of the victims were under 18. The Panel of Experts highlighted ongoing recruitment and use, attacks on schools, and sexual violence against children, among other grave violations. On December 20, the 2374 Sanctions Committee imposed a travel ban on three individuals associated with armed groups for their destabilizing activities. The implementation of the peace agreement stumbles along with little progress or demonstrated commitment by the parties. Council Members should:

  • Urge the Mali Sanctions Committee to implement sanctions, both travel bans and asset freezes, targeting parties who continue to hinder the timely implementation of the peace agreement, and designate individuals and entities it determines to be responsible for grave violations against children pursuant to its designation criteria, and encourage the SG’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) to share information with the Committee and the Panel of Experts;
  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN and furthermore, allow the UN to monitor its progress toward implementation;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools, and urge the Government to uphold its commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance.

France is the lead country on Mali and the Dominican Republic chairs the sanctions committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – January 2019.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.