Three armed groups are listed in the annexes of the SG’s 2019 annual report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use, and rape and other forms of sexual violence; and the Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed for recruitment and use. In March, the SG will report on the implementation of MINUSMA’s mandate, pursuant to SCR 2480 (2019). In his latest report (S/2019/983), the SG reported 142 grave violations committed against 105 children as well as continued attacks on schools in northern Mali. According to a recent report by Human Rights Watch, lack of robust accountability against armed group leaders has emboldened armed groups to commit further abuses against civilians, including children, in central Mali. An estimated 1,113 schools remain closed due to insecurity, impacting education for approximately 333,900 children. The Security Council should:

  • Strongly condemn escalating violence in central Mali resulting in grave violations against children, and urge all parties to uphold their obligations under IHL and human rights law;
  • Urge the CMA to fully implement its action plan to end and prevent recruitment and use and sexual violence against children, and allow the UN the necessary access to monitor its progress on implementation;
  • Urge the Government of Mali to reinforce efforts to strengthen accountability for perpetrators of grave violations against children, including by timely and impartial investigations and prosecutions; and encourage international partners to continue technical and financial support to bolster the capacity of the Malian judiciary and Specialized Judicial Unit;
  • Call on all Government and international actors engaged in counterterrorism measures to ensure that counterterrorism operations fully uphold obligations under IHL and human rights law, and urge full and consistent compliance with the 2013 handover protocol for children captured during military operations to child protection actors;
  • Call upon all parties to immediately cease attacks on schools and education personnel and urge the Government to continue to uphold its obligations under the Safe Schools Declaration.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – March 2020.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.