Three armed groups are listed in the annexes of the SG’s 2019 annual report on CAC for recruitment and use, and rape and other forms of sexual violence; and the Platform, including affiliated groups, is listed for recruitment and use. MINUSMA’s mandate is up for renewal in June, pursuant to SCR 2480 (2019). According to the SG’s latest period report to the Council (S/2020/223), the UN documented 174 grave violations against children – including recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and attacks on schools and education personnel – between December 2019 and March 2020. Humanitarian access continues to be a challenge in northern and central Mali. On February 14, an ethnic militia attack on the village of Ogossagou resulted in the deaths of 36 civilians, including five children. The latest midterm report of the Panel of Experts (S/2020/158), established pursuant to SCR 2374 (2017), included no new information on violations of the rights of the child and sexual violence, as previous reports of the expert panel have done. The Security Council should:

  • Renew MINUSMA’s child protection mandate, preserving the existing capacity of the Child Protection Unit, and ensuring the CPA’s direct access to senior mission leadership and political and operational space to engage with all parties to conflict, including non-State armed groups; ensure distinct budget lines for child protection;
  • Urge the Coalition des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) to fully implement its action plan to end and prevent recruitment and use and sexual violence against children, and allow the UN the necessary access to monitor progress on implementation; urge the Platform to adopt and implement an action plan to end and prevent recruitment and use of children and release all children in their ranks;
  • Urge the Government of Mali to reinforce efforts to strengthen accountability for perpetrators of grave violations, including timely and impartial investigations and prosecutions; and encourage international partners to continue technical and financial support to bolster the capacity of the Malian judiciary and Specialized Judicial Unit;
  • Call on all Government and international actors to ensure that counterterrorism operations fully uphold obligations under IHL and IHRL, and strengthen the Civil-Military Coordination mechanism by establishing specific roles and responsibilities, and urge full and consistent compliance with the 2013 handover protocol for children captured during military operations to child protection actors;
  • Call on all parties to immediately cease attacks on schools and education personnel and urge the Government to continue to uphold its obligations under the Safe Schools Declaration.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – June 2020.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: CMA (Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad), including the MNLA (Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad), action plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (March 2017)
Sanctions Committee: Mali Sanctions Committee (Current Chair: Dominican Republic)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2018; 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 20182014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ansar Eddine* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad~* a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unification et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest * a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.