South Sudan


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO) (both pro-Machar and proTaban Deng factions), and White Army are listed for grave child rights violations. In 2014, the Government re-committed to its 2012 action plan, and the SPLA-IO signed an action plan in December 2015. In July, the Council will review the Panel of Experts mandate pursuant to SCR 2418 (2018), which indicates the Council would consider sanctioning individuals identified in Annex 1 after receiving the SG’s report updating on the fighting and progress towards a political agreement, expected by June 30, 2018. One individual is included in the Annex for grave violations against children. On June 27, President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar agreed to a permanent ceasefire to take effect within 72 hours (Khartoum Declaration). The Panel of Experts’ April 2018 report (S/2018/292) indicates that one in two children are directly affected by the conflict, noting that the Government and opposition groups continued to obstruct humanitarian access. The Council should:

  • In light of the mandate renewal, encourage collaboration between the Panel of Experts and the SRSGCAAC on grave violations against children in South Sudan;
  • In light of the Khartoum Declaration, urge the parties to conflict to release all children in their ranks to child protection actors and take immediate measures to facilitate their reintegration and rehabilitation;
  • If the impending ceasefire does not hold, immediately review and approve designations for individuals and entities involved in planning, directing, or committing violations of applicable IHRL or IHL, in accordance with criteria set out in SCR 2206 (2015), including those identified in Annex 1 of SCR 2418 (2018);
  • Echoing the SG (S/2018/163, para. 69), urge all parties to allow rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with IHL.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Poland chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2018.


In May, the Council adopted SCR 2416 (2018) extending UNISFA’s mandate until November 2018 and requesting the SG to report on recommendations on the reconfiguration of the mission’s mandate by August 15, 2018. In his most recent report on the situation in Abyei (S/2018/293) from April, the SG reported a relatively stable security situation during the reporting period from October 2017 to March 2018; however, noting a rise in hostilities between communities, he indicated that children continued to be exposed to risks of violence, exploitation, and abuse in the absence of rule of law structures. The report includes no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on grave child rights violations, as the mission still currently lacks dedicated child protection capacity. In his latest annual report on children and armed conflict (S/2018/465), the SG reports one verified incident of killing and maiming in Abyei. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to cease all human rights violations and abuses against civilians, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Echoing the Council’s prior request in SCR 2416 (para. 28), urge UNISFA to expedite the deployment of a Women and Child Protection Advisor, and further ensure the Advisor has the necessary resources and capacities to deliver on the mandate, including operationalization of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Abyei;
  • In light of plans to reconfigure the mission, continue to ensure that child protection capacity is maintained in UNISFA’s mandate;
  • Reiterating paragraphs 26 and 32 of SCR 2416, remind the SG of his responsibility to ensure effective human rights monitoring, including on sexual and gender-based violence and grave violations against children, and to include those topics in his reporting on UNISFA; and furthermore, call on the SG to include grave violations against children as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating the data on the six grave violations, and specifically signal priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide the Council’s actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016 2017
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.