South Sudan

Advocacy

The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO) (both pro-Machar and proTaban Deng factions), and White Army are listed for grave child rights violations. In 2014, the Government re-committed to its 2012 action plan, and the SPLA-IO signed an action plan in December 2015. In July, the Council will review the Panel of Experts mandate pursuant to SCR 2418 (2018), which indicates the Council would consider sanctioning individuals identified in Annex 1 after receiving the SG’s report updating on the fighting and progress towards a political agreement, expected by June 30, 2018. One individual is included in the Annex for grave violations against children. On June 27, President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar agreed to a permanent ceasefire to take effect within 72 hours (Khartoum Declaration). The Panel of Experts’ April 2018 report (S/2018/292) indicates that one in two children are directly affected by the conflict, noting that the Government and opposition groups continued to obstruct humanitarian access. The Council should:

  • In light of the mandate renewal, encourage collaboration between the Panel of Experts and the SRSGCAAC on grave violations against children in South Sudan;
  • In light of the Khartoum Declaration, urge the parties to conflict to release all children in their ranks to child protection actors and take immediate measures to facilitate their reintegration and rehabilitation;
  • If the impending ceasefire does not hold, immediately review and approve designations for individuals and entities involved in planning, directing, or committing violations of applicable IHRL or IHL, in accordance with criteria set out in SCR 2206 (2015), including those identified in Annex 1 of SCR 2418 (2018);
  • Echoing the SG (S/2018/163, para. 69), urge all parties to allow rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with IHL.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Poland chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2018.

SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI) 

In November 2017, the Council adopted SCR 2386 (2017) extending UNISFA’s mandate until May 2018. In his last report (S/2018/293) covering the period from October 2017 to March 2018, the SG mentions the work that has been done to implement gender-related activities attending to concerns related to weak protection mechanisms for women and children against sexual exploitation, abuse, and violence. Nevertheless, the report included no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on child violations. The Security Council should:

  • Renew UNISFA’s child protection mandate; and to ensure its implementation, request the SG to strengthen the child protection capacity of UNISFA to be able to efficiently contribute to the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Sudan;
  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations, and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Urge UNISFA to operationalize the MRM for grave violations against children in the Abyei area to ensure that the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict is kept appraised about the situation of children there;
  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating data on the six grave violations against children, and specifically signaling priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide Council Members’ actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2018.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNMISS; UNISFA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016 2017
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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