South Sudan


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence and abductions. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. The SPLA-IO signed an action plan with the UN in December 2015 to end and prevent recruitment and use and killing and maiming. In December 2017, the Security Council extended the UNMISS mandate until March 2018 in SCR 2392 (2017), and is expected to start discussions on renewal before then. In his last report (S/2017/1011, para. 47), covering September to November 2017, the SG reported on 16 schools being used militarily, and attacks on four health facilities by armed groups. The Council should:

  • In renewing its mandate in March, ensure UNMISS has a dedicated, standalone Child Protection Section and sufficient CPAs, and ensure they continue to have direct access to senior mission leadership, have political and operational space to engage with parties to conflict, and lead the mission’s work on the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM). The mission must retain distinct budget lines for child protection and Council Members should ensure UNMISS’ budget will sufficiently enable it to deliver on its mandate during budget negotiations;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease attacks on medical facilities and personnel, and occupation of medical facilities, as well as allow international and national humanitarian agencies unhindered and safe access to provide assistance to civilians, particularly children, affected by the conflict;
  • Urge the Government to take immediate measures towards preventing military use of schools by honoring its commitments made through the Safe Schools Declaration;
  • Urge all parties to release all children and the Government to take immediate measures to facilitate their reintegration and recovery.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Poland chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2018.


In November 2017, the Council adopted SCR 2386 (2017) extending UNISFA’s mandate until May 2018. In February, the SG will present his progress report. Although SCR 2352 (2017) called for UNISFA to deploy a Child Protection Adviser (CPA), the UN instead recruited a Woman and Child Protection Adviser, as noted in the SG’s latest report (S/2017/870, para. 27). The SG noted continued concern regarding weak local protection mechanisms in Abyei and the resultant risks for women and children to violence, exploitation, and abuse. The report did not disaggregate any data on child violations. Council Members should:

  • Noting that distinct expertise is needed on both gender and child protection within the mission, call upon UNISFA to ensure the necessary resources and capacities exist for the new Women and Child Protection Adviser in order to deliver on the mandate with respect to monitoring, reporting, and responding to child rights violations;
  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating data on the six grave violations against children, and specifically signaling priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide Council Members’ actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016 2017
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.