The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), the SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use of children. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence, and abductions of children. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 action plan. The SPLA-IO signed an action plan with the UN in December 2015 to end and prevent the recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. In February, the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan issued its report pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 34/25. The Commission documented instances of all six grave violations against children and cited a report by the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) on child soldiers, where they suggest that recruitment is still ongoing throughout the country. In his last report (S/2018/163, para. 44), covering November 2017 to February 2018, the SG stated that the CTFMR verified 42 incidents of grave violations affecting children. Council Members should:
The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Poland chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2018.
SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI)
In November 2017, the Council adopted SCR 2386 (2017) extending UNISFA’s mandate until May 2018. In his last report (S/2018/293) covering the period from October 2017 to March 2018, the SG mentions the work that has been done to implement gender-related activities attending to concerns related to weak protection mechanisms for women and children against sexual exploitation, abuse, and violence. Nevertheless, the report included no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on child violations. The Security Council should:
The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2018.
Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011; 2009; 2007; 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012; 2009; 2008; 2006
UN Mission: UNMISS; UNISFA
|South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi||a,b,c|
|Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)||a,c||a,c|
|Pibor Defence Forces||a,b,c|
|Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~*||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b||a,b||a,b,c,e||a,b,c,e|
|Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)*||a||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|SPLA in Opposition~||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.