The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), the SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO) – pro-Machar and pro-Taban Deng factions, and the White Army are listed for grave child rights violations. The SPLA is the only government force in the Secretary-General’s (SG’s) annexes listed for all five trigger violations. Following South Sudan’s accession to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC) in September, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) called for the development and implementation of a revised comprehensive action plan. In October, the Panel of Experts, whose mandate was renewed in August, will provide its monthly update to the Security Council (UNSC), and the SG will report on any violations of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) or obstructions to UNMISS. The Panel’s last report cited the continuation of grave violations against children, including recruitment and use (S/2018/292, para. 40). As of August OCHA had received reports of 470 incidents of denials of humanitarian access in 2018 alone. The Security Council should:
The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Poland chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2018.
SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI)
In May, the Council adopted SCR 2416 (2018) extending UNISFA’s mandate until November 2018 and requesting the SG to report on recommendations on the reconfiguration of the mission’s mandate by August 15, 2018. In his most recent report on the situation in Abyei (S/2018/293) from April, the SG reported a relatively stable security situation during the reporting period from October 2017 to March 2018; however, noting a rise in hostilities between communities, he indicated that children continued to be exposed to risks of violence, exploitation, and abuse in the absence of rule of law structures. The report includes no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on grave child rights violations, as the mission still currently lacks dedicated child protection capacity. In his latest annual report on children and armed conflict (S/2018/465), the SG reports one verified incident of killing and maiming in Abyei. The Security Council should:
The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2018.
Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011; 2009; 2007; 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012; 2009; 2008; 2006
UN Mission: UNMISS; UNISFA
|South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi||a,b,c|
|Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)||a,c||a,c|
|Pibor Defence Forces||a,b,c|
|Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~*||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b||a,b||a,b,c,e||a,b,c,e|
|Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)*||a||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|SPLA in Opposition~||a,b||a,b||a,b||a,b|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.