South Sudan


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), the SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use of children. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence, and abductions of children. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 action plan. The SPLA-IO signed an action plan with the UN in December 2015 to end and prevent the recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. In February, the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan issued its report pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 34/25. The Commission documented instances of all six grave violations against children and cited a report by the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) on child soldiers, where they suggest that recruitment is still ongoing throughout the country. In his last report (S/2018/163, para. 44), covering November 2017 to February 2018, the SG stated that the CTFMR verified 42 incidents of grave violations affecting children. Council Members should:

  • Urge the Government to take concrete actions to ensure accountability and end impunity by promoting the work of the national justice system to establish a special unit focused on conflict-related crimes as mentioned by the SG (S/2018/163 para. 36);
  • Echoing the recommendation made by the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (A/HRC/37/71 para. 136 (c)), urge all parties to release all children within their ranks to child protection actors; and to that extent welcome the release of over 300 children by armed groups in Yambio, Western Equatoria State, and encourage the Government to take immediate measures to facilitate children’s reintegration and recovery;
  • Echoing the SG (S/2018/163, para. 69), urge all parties to allow rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law;
  • Urge the Government to honor its commitment to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict made through the Safe Schools Declaration.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Poland chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2018.


In November 2017, the Council adopted SCR 2386 (2017) extending UNISFA’s mandate until May 2018. In his last report (S/2018/293) covering the period from October 2017 to March 2018, the SG mentions the work that has been done to implement gender-related activities attending to concerns related to weak protection mechanisms for women and children against sexual exploitation, abuse, and violence. Nevertheless, the report included no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on child violations. The Security Council should:

  • Renew UNISFA’s child protection mandate; and to ensure its implementation, request the SG to strengthen the child protection capacity of UNISFA to be able to efficiently contribute to the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Sudan;
  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations, and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Urge UNISFA to operationalize the MRM for grave violations against children in the Abyei area to ensure that the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict is kept appraised about the situation of children there;
  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating data on the six grave violations against children, and specifically signaling priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide Council Members’ actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2018.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016 2017
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.