The Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) is listed in the SG’s annual report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use. In July the Council will receive the SG’s latest progress report on the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, pursuant to SCR 2366 (2017). The SG’s previous report (S/2018/279, paras. 68-69) described challenges in the reintegration of children formally released from FARC-EP ranks, as well as a lack of specialized attention and adequate facilities for children of former FARC-EP members living in the territorial areas. The report also highlighted early warnings from the Office of the Ombudsperson, signaling risks of child recruitment and sexual violence in several regions. Council Members should:
The United Kingdom is the lead country on Colombia.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2018.
In Colombia, Watchlist’s Partnerships Program supports COALICO, a national civil society platform established in 1999 with the mission to promote and protect the rights of boys and girls affected by the armed conflict in Colombia. COALICO coordinates the Observatory on Children and Armed Conflict that monitors and reports on violations against children. It also participates as a permanent member of the UN-led national MRM country task-force.
|Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC)||a||a|
|Autodefensas Unidas del Sur del Casanare (AUSC)||a||a||a||a|
|Autodefensas Campesinas de Cordoba y Uraba (ACCU)||a||a|
|Autodefensas de Magdalena Medio (ACMM)||a||a|
|Autodefensas del Meta (AM)||a||a|
|Autodefensas Campesinas del Sur del Cesar (ACSC)||a|
|Autodefensas del Puerto Boyaca (APB)||a|
|Autodefensas de Cundinamarca (AC)||a|
|Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia – Bloque Centauros||a|
|Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia – Bloque Norte||a|
|Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia – Bloque Mineros||a|
|Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia – Bloque Pacifico||a|
|Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC)||a||a|
|Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP)*||a,c,e||a,b,c,e,f||a,b,c,d,e||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN)*||a||a||a,c,e||a,b,c,e,f||a,b,c,d||a||a||a||a||a||a||a||a|
|Frente Cacique Pipinta||a,b,c,e||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.