Sudan

Advocacy

SUDAN

In Sudan, six parties are listed, including Government security forces. In March 2016, the Government signed an action plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by government forces. The listed armed groups JEM, SLA/MM, and SPLM-N have also signed action plans with the UN towards ending and preventing grave violations. In June, the Council will receive the SG’s report pursuant to SCR 2363 (2017) on UNAMID and is expected to renew its mandate ending on June 30. In his last report (S/2018/389, paras. 8 and 17) from April, the SG notes that UNAMID documented 77 cases of child rights violations affecting 22 children, and the denial of humanitarian access by the Government to parts of Jebel Marra, Central Darfur, and South Darfur. The Security Council should:

  • In renewal of UNAMID’s mandate, increase its specialized, standalone capacity to document and verify grave violations against children through allocation of sufficient budgetary resources and staff to the Child Protection Unit;
  • Urge the Government and armed groups to allow unimpeded access to humanitarian actors for ensuring safe and rapid delivery of humanitarian assistance to all children affected by conflict, and also to effectively monitor action plan implementation;
  • Encourage UNAMID to continue to train police and military personnel, as mentioned by the SG in his report (S/2018/389, para. 36), on international instruments for protecting children, as well as continue to work with civil society to enhance local ownership of the protection of children affected by armed conflict;
  • Urge the SLA/MM and JEM to continue to engage with the UN for the purposes of implementing actions plans to end and prevent grave violations against children, with the CTFMR’s support, and furthermore, encourage SLA/AW to develop an action plan with the UN; call upon the Government to facilitate and support that engagement;
  • Urge the Government to facilitate access for UN and other independent monitors for the purpose of monitoring and reporting on grave violations against children.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Poland Chairs the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2018.

SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI) 

In November 2017, the Council adopted SCR 2386 (2017) extending UNISFA’s mandate until May 2018. In his last report (S/2018/293) covering the period from October 2017 to March 2018, the SG mentions the work that has been done to implement gender-related activities attending to concerns related to weak protection mechanisms for women and children against sexual exploitation, abuse, and violence. Nevertheless, the report included no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on child violations. The Security Council should:

  • Renew UNISFA’s child protection mandate; and to ensure its implementation, request the SG to strengthen the child protection capacity of UNISFA to be able to efficiently contribute to the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Sudan;
  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations, and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Urge UNISFA to operationalize the MRM for grave violations against children in the Abyei area to ensure that the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict is kept appraised about the situation of children there;
  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating data on the six grave violations against children, and specifically signaling priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide Council Members’ actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2018.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: SPLM-North – recruitment and use of children (November 2016); Sudanese Government – recruitment and use of children (March 2016); SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009); SLA/Minnawi – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
JEM – submitted an action plan to the UN on recruitment and use of children (September 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2017; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2017; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNAMID; UNISFA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) *~ a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)*~ a a,b,d a a a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)*~ a,b,c a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)*~ (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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