Sudan

Advocacy

SUDAN

In Sudan, six parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government security forces. In March 2016, the Government of Sudan signed an Action Plan with the UN to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by Government forces. The listed armed groups JEM, SLA/MM, and SPLM-N have also signed action plans with the UN towards ending and preventing grave violations. In October, the Council will receive the SG’s report on UNAMID’s progress pursuant to SCR 2363 (2017). Despite being identified as a priority in UNAMID’s mandate renewal, the UN has proposed a 55 percent budget cut for child protection functions that would severely impede upon delivery of the Council’s children and armed conflict mandate. Council members should:

  • Recall that per UNAMID’s mandate, the mission is requested to continue monitoring and reporting on the situation of children in Darfur through the deployment of child protection capacity to support the implementation of the action plans (SCR 2363, para. 28). In this regard, seek clarifications on how UNAMID will deliver on its Security Council mandate given the foreseen 55 percent reduction in child protection capacity, in particular in field offices;
  • Urge UNAMID to continue monitoring and reporting through field presence for the implementation of the Action Plan for the Protection of Children from violations in armed conflict, pursuant to SCR 2363, and expedite measures to end child recruitment and use in armed and security forces;
  • Urge the SLA/MM and JEM to continue to engage with the UN for the purpose of implementing their action plans to end and prevent grave violations against children, with the CTFMR’s support; furthermore, encourage SLA/AW to develop an action plan with the UN, and call upon the Government to facilitate and support that engagement.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Ukraine Chairs the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2017.

SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI) 

In November 2017, the Council adopted SCR 2386 (2017) extending UNISFA’s mandate until May 2018. In February, the SG will present his progress report. Although SCR 2352 (2017) called for UNISFA to deploy a Child Protection Adviser (CPA), the UN instead recruited a Woman and Child Protection Adviser, as noted in the SG’s latest report (S/2017/870, para. 27). The SG noted continued concern regarding weak local protection mechanisms in Abyei and the resultant risks for women and children to violence, exploitation, and abuse. The report did not disaggregate any data on child violations. Council Members should:

  • Noting that distinct expertise is needed on both gender and child protection within the mission, call upon UNISFA to ensure the necessary resources and capacities exist for the new Women and Child Protection Adviser in order to deliver on the mandate with respect to monitoring, reporting, and responding to child rights violations;
  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating data on the six grave violations against children, and specifically signaling priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide Council Members’ actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2018.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: SPLM-North – recruitment and use of children (November 2016); Sudanese Government – recruitment and use of children (March 2016); SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009); SLA/Minnawi – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
JEM – submitted an action plan to the UN on recruitment and use of children (September 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2017; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2017; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNAMID; UNISFA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) *~ a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)*~ a a,b,d a a a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)*~ a,b,c a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)*~ (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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