Sudan

Advocacy

SUDAN (DARFUR)

Four non-State armed actors are listed for child rights violations in Sudan, three of whom have signed action plans with the UN to end and prevent grave violations. The Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) were delisted from the annexes of the SG’s most recent annual report on children and armed conflict. In June, the Security Council is expected to renew UNAMID’s mandate, which expires at the end of the month. The current mandate includes a series of benchmarks and indicators to be achieved before the exit of UNAMID in June 2020 “provided that there is no significant change in the security situation in Darfur” (S/RES/2429, para. 2). The Security Council named monitoring and reporting on grave violations against children among UNAMID’s strategic priorities (para. 11). In his April update to the Council on the situation in Darfur (S/2019/305), the SG highlighted “ongoing human rights violations, in particular sexual and gender-based violence, including those violations reportedly perpetrated by Government security personnel.” Between January and March, 3,815 internally displaced persons (IDPs) arrived in Otash camp in South Darfur as a result of continuing clashes in the Jebel Mara region. While underreported, sexual and gender-based violence continues to be a serious concern, especially in the Jebel Mara area. Between January 4 and April 3, UNAMID documented four incidents of rape of girls, in addition to an unverified report of a gang-rape of a 14-year-old girl. The risk of sexual and gender-based violence continues to limit the freedom of movement of women and girls in areas of return and around IDP camps. The Security Council should:

  • Renew UNAMID’s child protection mandate, recognizing the mission’s critical role in monitoring grave violations against children and ensure adequate resources for the mission’s child protection section to ensure it can continue to deliver on the CAC mandate;
  • In light of the proposed mission drawdown, increase and transfer appropriate funding and capacities to the UN Country Team and UNICEF to allow for the necessary monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children, engagement with listed groups, and other core child protection functions;
  • Call upon the UN vis-à-vis its CTFMR to strengthen engagement with listed non-State armed groups; in particular, to support the SLA/MM and JEM in the implementation of their action plans, and to encourage the SLA/AW to develop an action plan;
  • Urge parties to allow unimpeded humanitarian access for ensuring safe and rapid delivery of assistance to all civilians, including children, affected by conflict and violence.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Poland chairs the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2019.

SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI) 

In May, the Council adopted SCR 2416 (2018) extending UNISFA’s mandate until November 2018 and requesting the SG to report on recommendations on the reconfiguration of the mission’s mandate by August 15, 2018. In his most recent report on the situation in Abyei (S/2018/293) from April, the SG reported a relatively stable security situation during the reporting period from October 2017 to March 2018; however, noting a rise in hostilities between communities, he indicated that children continued to be exposed to risks of violence, exploitation, and abuse in the absence of rule of law structures. The report includes no specific information on children and armed conflict, and no disaggregated data on grave child rights violations, as the mission still currently lacks dedicated child protection capacity. In his latest annual  report on children and armed conflict (S/2018/465), the SG reports one verified incident of killing and maiming in Abyei. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to cease all human rights violations and abuses against civilians, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Echoing the Council’s prior request in SCR 2416 (para. 28), urge UNISFA to expedite the deployment of a Women and Child Protection Advisor, and further ensure the Advisor has the necessary resources and capacities to deliver on the mandate, including operationalization of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Abyei;
  • In light of plans to reconfigure the mission, continue to ensure that child protection capacity ismaintained in UNISFA’s mandate;
  • Reiterating paragraphs 26 and 32 of SCR 2416, remind the SG of his responsibility to ensure effective human rights monitoring, including on sexual and gender-based violence and grave violations against children, and to include those topics in his reporting on UNISFA; and furthermore, call on the SG to include grave violations against children as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating the data on the six grave violations, and specifically signal priority concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide the Council’s actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2018.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: SPLM-North – recruitment and use of children (November 2016); Sudanese Government – recruitment and use of children (March 2016); SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009); SLA/Minnawi – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
JEM – submitted an action plan to the UN on recruitment and use of children (September 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2017; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2017; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNAMID; UNISFA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) *~ a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)*~ a a,b,d a a a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)*~ a,b,c a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)*~ (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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