Boko Haram is listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, attacks on schools and/or hospitals, and abduction of children. The Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) is also listed for recruitment and use. On August 3, the Working Group received a formal presentation of the SG’s first report on children and armed conflict in Nigeria. In September, as it begins its conclusion negotiations, the Working Group should:

  • Call upon the Government to facilitate the adoption of an action plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by the CJTF, and call upon the CJTF to ensure its implementation with the support of the CTFMR; the CJTF should honor its commitment to appoint a five-member committee to oversee its action plan development and implementation;
  • Urge the Government to take all feasible measures to ensure the release of children from Boko Haram and the CTJF, as well as close all the women and children cells in the military detention center (Giwa Barracks), and to promote their physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect, and dignity of the child; to this end, ensure that children are reunified with their families as soon as possible and that the reintegration process includes interventions that tackle stigma and promote community acceptance, with attention to the different needs of girls and boys; furthermore, ensure welfare and education for unaccompanied and orphaned children residing in IDP camps and host communities;
  • Express in strongest terms concern over children’s deprivation of liberty on the basis of their alleged association with Boko Haram, urging the Government to treat these children primarily as victims and call for an immediate adoption of a standalone handover protocol for children encountered during military operations to civilian authorities;
  • Call upon all parties to cease attacks on and military use of schools and hospitals, and urge the National Security Forces to immediately vacate the schools it is using for military purposes, in contravention to the Government’s commitments under the Safe Schools Declaration it endorsed to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2017.


Following the listing of Boko Haram in the annexes of the UN Secretary-General’s 2014 annual report on children and armed conflict and the subsequent activation of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Nigeria, Watchlist provided support via its Partnerships Program to promote local civil society engagement. In coordination with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Watchlist provided a training of trainers to a group of human rights defenders from Northeastern Nigeria; the training included sessions on UN Security Council Resolution 1612, NGO engagement with the MRM, the six grave violations, and methodology for documenting child rights violations. In a subsequent pilot project, participants conducted their own trainings on monitoring and reporting grave violations for other civil society representatives in conflict-affected regions.


UN Action

Year listed: 2014
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Nigeria: 2017
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Nigeria: None

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Boko Haram b, d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,c,d,e
Civilian Joint Task Force ~ a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.