Iraq

Advocacy

Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) are listed for recruitment and use of children. ISIL is listed for recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, abductions, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. In July, the Security Council will discuss the mandate renewal for UNAMI and the Secretary-General (SG) will report on UNAMI’s progress pursuant to SCR 2367 (2017). In his latest report (S/2018/359, paras. 51 and 53), covering the first quarter of 2018, the SG reports that the Task Force on Children and Armed Conflict verified 10 incidents affecting 19 boys, which included five recruitments, four killings and 10 other injuries resulting from explosive materials. The SG also mentions the visit of his Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Ms. Pramila Patten, in which she met with survivors of sexual violence perpetrated by ISIL. Council Members should:

  • Renew UNAMI’s child protection mandate; and to ensure its implementation, request the SG to strengthen the child protection capacity of UNAMI to be able to efficiently and effectively contribute to the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) in Iraq, as well as to engage in negotiations with armed parties listed for committing grave violations against children;
  • Urge the government to continue working through the Inter-ministerial committee on monitoring and reporting, as well as its National Security Adviser, to develop an action plan to address the recruitment and use of children by the PMF and enhance measures to protect all children affected by the conflict in Iraq;
  • Echoing the call made by the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict in her press release after visiting Iraq, urge the government to take concrete actions to ensure accountability and end impunity for sexual violence against children; and to that end, keep working on the establishment of an investigative team to enhance the work of Iraqi judges, investigators, and prosecutors;
  • Include provisions regarding the support for child reintegration programming as part of the mandate renewal, and in that sense, remind all parties that children should be considered primarily as victims, entitled to full protection of their human rights, and that alternatives to
    detention should be given preference whenever possible

United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2018.

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e a,b,c,d,e
Popular mobilization forces a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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