Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) are listed for recruitment and use of children. ISIL is listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, abductions, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. In April, the Secretary-General (SG) will report on UNAMI’s progress pursuant to SCR 2367 (2017). In his last report (S/2018/42 para. 54) from January, covering the third quarter of 2017, the SG noted that the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) verified 20 incidents resulting in 14 children killed and 12 maimed, as well as the recruitment of 30 children and five attacks on schools. The report also mentions incidents of children wounded by explosive remnants and improvised devices. Council Members should:

  • Urge all parties to end the use of weapons as prohibited under international humanitarian law, and urgently prioritize marking and clearing of explosive remnants of war which contribute to the increase in child casualties;
  • Encourage the Government to ensure implementation of age verification mechanisms and procedures to prevent recruitment of children, in line with Law No. 3/2010, article 30 (2), and release children currently in PMF ranks to child protection actors;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete actions to ensure accountability and end impunity, including through prompt investigation and prosecution of parties responsible for grave violations against children;
  • In discussing the provision of support for the reintegration of children formerly associated with ISIL, as mentioned by the SG (S/2018/42 para. 54), remind all parties that children should be considered primarily as victims entitled to full protection of their human rights, and that alternatives to detention should be given preference whenever possible.

United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2018.

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e a,b,c,d,e
Popular mobilization forces a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.