The Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) are listed in the Secretary-General’s (SG) most recent annual report on children and armed conflict for recruitment and use of children, and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is listed for all five ‘trigger’ violations. In November, the SG will report on UNAMI’s progress pursuant to SCR 2470 (2019). In his previous report, the SG notes five children were killed and 31 injured between April and June 2019 (S/2019/660, para. 55). Unlike prior reports submitted to the Security Council in 2018, the SG’s reports from May (S/2019/365) and August (S/2019/660) did not include dedicated sections on grave violations verified by the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR). The detention of children for alleged affiliation with ISIL continues to be a concern, with at least 902 children detained on national security-related charges according to the SG’s most recent annual report. On October 10, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed willingness to receive and prosecute ISIL-affiliated fighters and their families who are Iraqi citizens. The Security Council should:

  • Welcome ongoing discussions between the Government and the United Nations, and encourage the Government to swiftly develop and sign an action plan to end and prevent grave violations, including recruitment and use of children by the PMF, as well as to strengthen rehabilitation and reintegration, and enhance juvenile justice in line with international standards;
  • Remind all parties that children should be considered primarily as victims, entitled to full protection of their rights, and urge the Government to develop and prioritize alternatives to detention whenever possible, ensuring the best interests of the child;
  • Request that the SG include a dedicated section on children and armed conflict in all his progress reports on UNAMI, disaggregating data on the six grave violations, and signaling priority concerns to guide Council action.

The United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update – November 2019.

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e a,b,c,d,e
Popular mobilization forces a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.