D. R. Congo

Advocacy

Thirteen parties are listed, including the DRC armed forces (FARDC). The FARDC were delisted from the annexes of the Secretary-General’s (SG) 2017 annual report on children and armed conflict (CAC) (A/72/361–S/2017/821) for recruitment and use, but remain listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence pending full implementation its action plan signed in 2012. In November, Council Members will receive an update from the SG on the implementation of the December 31, 2016, agreement. In his special report on MONUSCO’s strategic review (S/2017/826, para. 85) pursuant to SCR 2348 (2017), the SG recommends the Child Protection Section continue its core tasks, including monitoring and reporting on violations and dialogue with parties for the purposes of action plan implementation and release and reintegration of children. The Security Council should:

  • Continue to maintain MONUSCO’s dedicated Child Protection Section and sufficient Child Protection Advisors (CPAs), and ensure that CPAs continue to have direct access to senior mission leadership, have political and operational space to engage with parties to conflict, and lead the mission’s work on the UN-led Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM); to this end, the mission must retain distinct budget lines for child protection;
  • Encourage the Government to institutionalize the gains of its action plan on ending child recruitment and use, and urge the Government to fully and without delay implement its action plan to prevent and end sexual violence against children, including by preventing the use of girls for sexual purposes by members of the FARDC, and encourage MONUSCO to continue supporting the Government in these efforts;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease violations and abuses against children in the Kasai region, and encourage the Government to ensure accountability for violations and abuses against children in the Kasai;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease attacks on health centers and schools, as well as military use of schools in line with the Safe Schools Declaration which the Government endorsed in July 2016.

France is the lead country on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Egypt chairs the 1533 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2017.

Partnerships

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Watchlist’s Partnerships Program supports one local civil society organization to strengthen its capacity to monitor, report, and respond to grave violations against children. Local partners play an instrumental role in mobilizing and training community-based protection structures to alert in case of grave violations. They also engage with local authorities to improve access to referral services and to prevent violations.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: FARDC (the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (October 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Democratic Republic of Congo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in DRC: 20142010; 2008; 2007; 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on DRC: 20142011200920072006
UN Mission: MONUSCO

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo a
Forces armees congolaises (FAC) a
Forces armees de la Republique Democratique du Congo (FARDC)~* a a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,c,d,f a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Goma a a
Local defence forces associated with RCD-Goma a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-National a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Kisangani/ML a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC) (Hema militia) a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC)-Thomas Lubanga and Florimert Kisembo factions a
Parti pour l’unite et la sauvenarge du Congo (PUSIC) (Hema Militias) a a
Masunzu’s forces a a
Lendu militias a
Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) a a,b a a,e a a,c a,c
Front populaire pour la reconciliation de l’Ituri (FPRI) (Ngiti) a
Ex-FAR/Interahamwe a a
Mai-Mai a a
Mai-Mai in the Kivus, Maniema and Katanga a,b
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, Maniema and Katanga who have not integrated into FARDC a a,e
Mai-Mai “Lafontaine”/Union des Patriotes Congolais pour la Paix (UPCP) a,d,f a,c a,c a,c a a a a
Mai Mai Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) “Colonel Janvier” a a a a
Mayi Mayi Simba c a,c a,c a,c
Mai Mai “Tawimbi” a
Forces armes populaires congolaises (FAPC) a a,b
Mudundu-40 a a
Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutebutsi, dissident elements of FARDC a,c
Non-integrated FARDC elements loyal to rebel leader Laurent Nkunda a,e a,b,c,e
Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR)* a,b,c a,e a,b,c,e a a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI)*/Front Populaire pour la Justice au Congo (FPJC)) a,e a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d
Mouvement revolutionnaire congolais (MRC) a,e
Congres national pour la defense du peuple (CNDP), formerly led by Laurent Nkunda and now Bosco Ntaganda a,b,d a,c a,c a,c
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,b,c,e a,c a,c a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e
Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) a,c a,c
Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) a,d a,b,d a,b,d
Mayi Mayi Kata Katanga a a a
Nduma Defense Coalition (NDC)/Cheka a,b a,b a,b
Mayi Mayi Nyatura a a a
Rayia Mutomboki a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

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