On April 20 and 21, 2017, Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict (Watchlist) participated at a workshop hosted by the German Federal Foreign Office entitled “Leading to Change: Closing the Implementation Gap” regarding the UN Security Council’s thematic agendas on Children and Armed Conflict (CAC) and Women, Peace, and Security (WPS). For the second year in a row, the workshop considered linkages and lessons from these agendas, asking to identify ways to step-up implementation of the two comprehensive frameworks. Specifically this year, the workshop focused on the question of how to best strengthen cooperation with regional and local actors, including civil society, given their vital role for the implementation of these agendas. Watchlist presented on challenges and opportunities of the CAC agenda. In particular, Watchlist stressed the importance of an accurate and credible listing process in the Secretary-General’s annual reports on CAC; more and effective implementation of action plans to end and prevent violations; and accountability for perpetrators by way of effectively implementing the UN Security Council Resolutions 1998 and 2286 relating to protection of health care from attack.