September 2012 – The Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M) was delisted from the annex of the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict in 2012 and the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) was phased out of Nepal. Nepal is thus one of the first cases in the children and armed conflict agenda, thus far, where a full MRM “cycle” was implemented (listing, establishment of a CTFMR, action plan, and delisting). It is also a case where local NGOs were formally and very actively involved in the UN-led mechanism.

Between June and August 2012, Partnerships to Protect Children in Armed Conflict (PPCC), with support from Watchlist, conducted a study to offer an overview of the MRM “experience” in Nepal from 2005 to 2012 from the perspective of local civil society organizations who participated in it. It recalls the modalities and rationale of NGO involvement in MRM in Nepal, highlights best practices, challenges and gaps encountered, and makes recommendations for future MRM activities in other contexts.