(Just Security) – Recent years have seen an escalation in impact of war on children – from the sexual enslavement to the deliberate bombing of their schools – subjecting a generation of children to targeted violence and indiscriminate attacks. Crimes against children which should send shock waves around the world are coming to be accepted as commonplace. In Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, Yemen, Myanmar and elsewhere, international laws and human rights provisions developed in the 20th Century are being violated at an alarming rate. This failure to protect children in conflict raises questions as to whether existing international law norms and institutions provide sufficient protection and accountability.