(Human Rights Watch) – After over two grueling years living under the control of the Islamic State (ISIS), Mosul’s 1.2 million civilians may  suffer yet more abuse when the government tries to retake the city if recent lessons from the operations to retake Fallujah, Tikrit and other areas are any guide. To avoid this scenario, the US, other international forces, and the government in Baghdad should prevent abusive forces from entering Iraq’s second-largest city during and after the military operation.