Watchlist Activities


Sudan/South Sudan (Abyei)

In April, the SG is expected to report on UNISFA’s progress per Resolution 2206 (2015). In his latest progress report (S/2015/870), the SG reported on the mission’s activities aimed at ensuring the protection of children in the region, such as: family tracing and reunification; training for community-based child protection networks on the protection of children and the provision and management of child-friendly spaces and child-friendly protection units at police stations; support for children in contact with the law; and ongoing monitoring of the protective environment within villages. The Security Council should:

  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, and violations of international humanitarian law, including violations and abuses against children;
  • Call on UNISFA to monitor and report on grave violations against children in Abyei whenever possible, using the community-based child protection networks trained by UNICEF and partners;
  • Encourage continuation of protection activities targeting community-based child protection networks, in close collaboration with UNICEF whenever possible.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: JEM (2012); SPLA (2010); SLA/Minnawi (2007)
Sanctions Committee:  Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 1591 (2005)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2012200920082006
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Janjaweed (2007); Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (2009)

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)* a a,b,d a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)* a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)* (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.