Watchlist Activities


Sudan (Darfur) 

In Sudan, six parties are listed for the recruitment and use of children: Government security forces including the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), the Popular Defense Forces (PDF), and the Sudan Police Forces; Justice and Equality Movement (JEM); pro-Government militias; Sudan Liberation Army/Abdul Wahid; Sudan Liberation Army/Minni Minawi; and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N). In March, the Government of Sudan signed an Action Plan with the United Nations to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by government forces. In July, SPLM-N signed Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment for the Protection of Children from the Effects of Armed Conflict. In August, the Council will receive a Sanctions Committee report pursuant to SCR 1591 (2005). According to the last SG’s report (S/2016/587) on UNAMID published on July 1, grave violations of children’s rights continue to occur, including killing and maiming as a result of clashes between the Government and rebel forces in Central Darfur, and cases of sexual violence against children. The UN specifically identified 27 violations against children, including 16 sexual violence cases. The Council Members should:

  • Request the Panel of Experts to continue to investigate allegations of recruitment of children pursuant to SCR 2200 (2015), and to present the names of alleged perpetrators of grave violations against children in its reports and briefings, and recommend the Sanctions Committee designate perpetrators for targeted measures;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance and encourage the Sanctions Committee and the Panel of Experts to pay particular attention to the denial of humanitarian access;
  • Encourage Member States to provide the Sanctions Committee with any information related to the potential designation of individuals and entities who have allegedly committed grave violations against children.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Venezuela chairs the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee. Senegal and Spain are Vice-Chairs.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: JEM (2012); SPLA (2010); SLA/Minnawi (2007)
Sanctions Committee:  Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 1591 (2005)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2012200920082006
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Janjaweed (2007); Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (2009)

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N)* a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)* a a,b,d a a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)*~ a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)*~ (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.