Watchlist Activities


Sudan (Darfur)

Six parties, including the Sudanese government forces, are listed for the recruitment and use of children. The Council extended UNAMID’s mandate on 27 August through the unanimous adoption of SCR 2173 (2014). In November, the Secretary General’s (SG) progress report is due, as well as the report of the 1591 Sanctions Committee, pursuant to SCR 1591 (2005). The Security Council should:

  • Urge the Government of Sudan to enhance efforts to conclude negotiations with the UN on an action plan to end recruitment and use, in line with SCR 1612 (2005), SCR 1882 (2009), SCR 1998 (2011), in Darfur, as well as Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile and across the country;
  • Recalling SCR 2173 (2014), request the SG to ensure continued monitoring and reporting of the situation of children in Darfur, and to that end, the Council should ensure adequate resources for child protection advisors to maintain their essential contributions in monitoring and reporting on grave violations;
  • Recalling SCR 2173 (2014), request the SG to provide enhanced, detailed, full and public reporting to the Council on UNAMID’s implementation of the Human Rights Due Diligence Policy, monitoring of the violations against children and violations of international humanitarian law, and request UNAMID to notify authorities of those violations;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance and encourage the Sanctions Committee and its Panel of Experts to pay particular attention to the denial of humanitarian access;
  • Request the SRSG-CAAC to regularly share information with the Sanctions Committee on individuals responsible for grave violations against children;
  • Recommend that the Sanctions Committee pay particular attention to attacks on villages by Sudanese government militia groups and bombing by Sudanese forces in populated areas.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Argentina chairs the 1591 Sanctions Committee. Australia and Nigeria are Vice-Chairs.


Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: JEM (2012); SPLA (2010); SLA/Minnawi (2007)
Sanctions Committee:  Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 1591 (2005)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2012; 200920082006
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Janjaweed (2007); Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (2009)

Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)* a a,b,d a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)* a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)* a,c a,c a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.