Watchlist Activities


Sudan/South Sudan

The armed group SPLM-N is listed for the recruitment and use of children in the disputed areas (South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Abyei). The Council will be briefed on the status of compliance with SCR 2046 (2012), which demanded the end of hostilities and negotiations under the auspices of the AUHIP. The mandate of UNISFA is also expected to be renewed. The Security Council should:

  • Call on all parties to allow unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance to the areas affected by the conflict;
  • Call on all parties to ensure that negotiations systematically incorporate child protection concerns including: the cessation and prevention of violations against children; demobiliza­tion, rehabilitation and reintegration of recruited children; and accountability for perpetrators of grave violations against children;
  • Call for enhanced monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children in South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

Sudan (Darfur):

Six parties, including the Sudanese government forces, are listed for the recruitment and use. The Council is expected to extend the mandate of UNAMID, in accordance with SCR 2113 (2013). The report of the 1591 Sanctions Committee is due, pursuant to SCR 1591 (2005). The Security Council should:

  • Encourage the Government of Sudan to enhance efforts to conclude negotiations with the UN on an action plan to end recruitment and use, in line with SCR 1612 (2005), SCR 1882 (2009), SCR 1998 (2011);
  • Bearing in mind the renewal of UNAMID’s mandate, ensure adequate resources for child protection advisors to maintain their essential contributions in monitoring and reporting on grave violations;
    • Call on UNAMID to improve effectiveness of its patrolling methods to safeguard civilians both day and night, especially taking into consideration the particular threats facing children;
    • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance and encourage the Sanctions Committee and its Panel of Experts to pay particular attention to the denial of humanitarian assistance;
    • Request the SRSG-CAAC to regularly share information with the Sanctions Committee and the Panel of Experts on those responsible for grave violations against children.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Argentina chairs the 1591 Sanctions Committee. Australia and Nigeria are Vice-Chairs.


Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: JEM (2012); SPLA (2010); SLA/Minnawi (2007)
Sanctions Committee:  Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 1591 (2005)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2012; 200920082006
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Janjaweed (2007); Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (2009)

Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)* a a,b,d a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)* a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)* a,c a,c a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.