Watchlist Activities


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence and abductions. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. The SPLA-IO signed an Action Plan with the UN in December 2015 to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children. In November, the Panel of Experts (PoE) will provide the Sanctions Committee with an update. In its report (S/2016/793) presented to the Council in September, the PoE detailed incidents of killing and maiming, sexual violence, and attacks on hospitals, as well as evidenced mobilization of young people to fight. The Security Council should:

  • Use the South Sudan Sanctions Regime as a tool to ensure accountability for grave violations against children by designating perpetrators and applying other viable measures to end these violations;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease all violations against children and renew and implement their existing commitments contained in action plans and elsewhere, including measures to end the recruitment and use of children, attacks on schools and hospitals, and the military use of schools;
  • Request the PoE to continue to investigate the military use or recruitment of children and other grave violations perpetrated against children by armed groups or armed forces in the context of the ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan, with a view to designating perpetrators for sanctions;
  • Encourage more joint briefings by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) to the Working Group and the 2206 Sanctions Committee.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

Sudan/South Sudan (Abyei)

In November, the mandate of UNISFA will expire pursuant to SCR 2287 (2016). In his latest progress report (S/2016/864, para 25), the Secretary-General (SG) signaled that given weak child protection mechanisms within Abyei, children fleeing conflict from South Sudan and transiting to Sudan through Abyei are exposed to risks of violence, exploitation, and abuse while on the move. He noted that monitoring of child protection concerns happens through the local social welfare department, and that a drop-in center was constructed in Agok to support the reunification of unaccompanied children with their families. The Security Council should:

  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Call on UNISFA to monitor and report on grave violations against children in Abyei, including through the community-based child protection networks trained by UNICEF and partners;
  • Call for strengthening of child protection mechanisms within Abyei, including greater support to the above-mentioned community-based child protection networks, in close collaboration with UNICEF; particular attention should be paid to the security of children forcibly migrating from South Sudan.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: SPLA (2010 and 2012)
Sanctions Committee:  South Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNMISS

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.