Watchlist Activities


Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming of children. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence against children and abductions. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. The SPLA-IO signed an Action Plan with the UN to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children in December 2015. In July, the Council is expected to renew the UNMISS mandate per SCR 2252 (2015). The latest progress report (S/2016/341) noted 40 schools being used for military purposes. At a June 15, 2016, briefing, UNMISS reported that South Sudan has an estimated 16,000 child soldiers associated with armed forces and groups. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to immediately cease violations against children, and stress that the perpetrators of such violations should be held accountable;
  • Call on UNMISS to continue to systematically monitor and report on grave violations against children; and furthermore, urge UNMISS to proactively seek to prevent violations, particularly through conducting more patrols, and to provide unarmed civilian protection training to its Child Protection Unit;
  • Call for an immediate and full implementation of the commitments made by the Government and the Opposition under their respective action plans, with the support of UNMISS;
  • Urge the Government to take immediate measures towards preventing military use of schools by honoring its commitments to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict made through the Safe Schools Declaration.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: SPLA (2010 and 2012)
Sanctions Committee:  South Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNMISS

Website: online roulette


Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.