Watchlist Activities


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-iO) and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-iO are also listed for killing and maiming of children. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. In April, the SG is expected to report on the progress of the UNMISS mandate per Resolution 2252 (2015). On March 14, the Special Representative to the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) briefed the Security Council Committee established pursuant to Resolution 2206 (2015) concerning South Sudan and the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict on the impact of armed conflict on children in South Sudan. The Council Members should:

  • Urge all parties to immediately cease violations against children, and stress that the perpetrators of such violations should be held accountable;
  • Call on UNMISS to continue to systematically monitor and report on grave violations against children; and furthermore, urge UNMISS to proactively seek to prevent violations, particularly through conducting more patrols;
  • For patrolling purposes, encourage UNMISS to collaborate with unarmed civilian protection actors wherever possible, both by cooperating with civil society actors onsite and by absorbing unarmed approaches into UNMISS protocols and practices;
  • Call on the Government to collaborate with UNMISS in the swift and vigorous implementation of its re-commitment to the Action Plan and associated work plan to prevent and end the recruitment and use of children, sexual violence and other grave violations against children by the SPLA; and call on UNMISS to intensify efforts to engage with the SPLA-iO and other listed parties to obtain further commitments towards ending and preventing grave violations against children, and work towards the development and implementation of action plans;
  • Welcome more joint briefings by the SRSG-CAAC to the Working Group and the 2206 Sanctions Committee, and support the SRSG-CAAC’s call on the Committee and its Panel of Experts to investigate and examine individual command responsibility of all parties to the conflict for grave violations against children, using names of perpetrators cited from both sides.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: SPLA (2010 and 2012)
Sanctions Committee:  South Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNMISS


Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition a,b a,b
White Army a a
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.