The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition and White Army are listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA in Opposition are also listed for killing and maiming of children. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. A peace deal was signed in August by the warring parties containing provisions on immediate release of children from armed groups. In October, the Council is expected to review the UNMISS mandate in order to adjust it in support of the implementation of the peace agreement. The Council is also expected to review the sanctions regime pursuant to SCR 2206 (2015). In Upper Nile, due to heightened insecurity and restriction of movement, the UN CTFMR experienced difficulties collecting data on grave violations, but received many reports of observations of child soldiers where the UN has been able to move. In Unity State, the UN CTFMR continued to receive many reports of grave violations against children, in part from IDPs who bore witness or fell victim to these violations. Council Members should:
- Call on Member States to urge all parties to immediately cease violations against children, and stress that the perpetrators of such violations should be held accountable;
- Call on UNMISS to continue to systematically monitor and report on grave violations against children; and furthermore, urge UNMISS to proactively seek to prevent violations, particularly through conducting more patrols, and encourage complementarity with the practices of unarmed civilian protection actors wherever possible, both by cooperating with civil society actors onsite and absorbing unarmed approaches into UNMISS protocols and practices;
- Ensure that the updated UNMISS mandate for monitoring the ceasefire agreement encompasses implementation of the provisions related to child protection in the political process and dialogue, namely for the parties to cease all violations against children and release all remaining children from their ranks (points 1.7.3 and 1.10), as well as conduct the initial screening of the underage (point 2.4.2);
- Call on the Government to collaborate with UNMISS in the swift and vigorous implementation of its re-commitment to the Action Plan and associated work plan to prevent and end the recruitment and use of children, sexual violence and other grave violations against children by the SPLA; and call on UNMISS to intensify efforts to engage with the SPLA in Opposition and other listed parties to obtain further commitments, and work towards the development and implementation of action plans to prevent and end grave violations;
- Request prompt follow up information from the Special Representative to the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) regarding the implementation of the Action Plan and the relevant commitments by parties to the conflict in South Sudan;
- In accordance with the designation criteria in SCR 2206 (2015), strongly urge Member States to designate individuals and entities who commit grave violations against children for sanctions, and encourage the SRSG-CAAC to continue to provide the Sanctions Committee and the Panel of Experts with information relevant to the potential designation of individuals and entities who have allegedly committed grave violations against children.
The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan. Chile chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2015.
- Full Report in English PDF
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: SPLA (2010 and 2012)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011; 2009; 2007; 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012; 2009; 2008; 2006
UN Mission: UNMISS
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
|South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi||a,b,c|
|Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)||a,c||a,c|
|Pibor Defence Forces||a,b,c|
|Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)~*||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b||a,b|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)*||a||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|SPLA in Opposition||a,b||a,b|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.