Watchlist Activities


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-iO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-iO are also listed for killing and maiming of children, and the SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence and abduction of children. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. The SPLA-iO signed an Action Plan with the United Nations to end and prevent the recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children in December 2015. In August, pursuant to SCR 2290 (2016), the Council will receive its regular update from the Joint Monitoring and EvaluationCommission (JMEC), and the Panel of Experts will also provide the Sanctions Committee with anupdate. In face of the recent escalation of conflict and breaches of the ceasefire agreement, the Council Members should:

  • Urge all parties to immediately cease violations against children and renew their commitment to action plans, and stress that the perpetrators of such violations should be held accountable;
  • Given renewed hostilities and heightened risks for children, request the Panel of Experts to in particular investigate the use or recruitment of children and other grave violations by armed groups or armed forces in the context of the armed conflict in South Sudan with a view to designating perpetrators for sanctions;
  • Welcome more joint briefings by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) to the Working Group and the 2206 Sanctions Committee, and support the SRSG-CAAC’s call on the Committee and its Panel of Experts to investigate and examine individual command responsibility of all parties to the conflict for grave violations against children, using names of perpetrators cited from both sides of the conflict.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: SPLA (2010 and 2012)
Sanctions Committee:  South Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNMISS

Website: online roulette


Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.