Seven parties are listed for the recruitment and use of children. The SG will report to the Security Council on the possible transformation of MISCA to a UN peacekeeping operation, as set out in S/RES/2127 (2013). The SG will also provide an update on the creation of a ‘Panel of Experts’, S/RES/2127 (2013), who will investigate and report on individuals that violate international humanitarian and human rights law. The Security Council should:
- Ensure that MISCA or any UN peacekeeping operation has adequate resources and child protection advisors to monitor and report on violations against children;
- Increase military patrolling in provinces where military deployments and humanitarian presence remain limited;
- Enforce the UN Human Rights Due Diligence Policy by putting in place necessary oversight mechanisms and assist MISCA to identify and suspend troops implicated in human rights violations; and ensure that suspected perpetrators do not form part of the UN peacekeeping mission;
- Support the work of the Panel of Experts in identifying individuals who commit grave violations against children; and recommend travel bans and asset freezes where credible evidence exists.
France is the lead country on Central African Republic.
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)*||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)*||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)*||a, c||a||a||a||a||a|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)*||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
* This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).