The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children, in addition to attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka defense militias are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children. In June, pursuant to SCR 2281 (2016), the SG is expected to present recommendations to the Council on the basis of conducting a strategic review of MINUSCA, in consultation with the Government. According to an interview with MINUSCA, to date this year, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) accounts for 60 percent of all reported grave violations against children in CAR. The Council should:
- Maintain protection of civilians as a priority for MINUSCA, with a clear distinction between the political, military, and humanitarian components of the mission, and specifically, maintain MINUSCA’s capacity to document and verify child rights violations through allocation of sufficient budgetary capacity to child protection resources and staff; and specifically ensure that child protection expertise is maintained, that the Child Protection Advisors maintain direct access to senior mission leadership, and that their role as protection actors remains clearly distinct;
- Strengthen MINUSCA’s mandate with respect to protecting civilians in the east and southeast parts of CAR that have recently seen increased attacks and abductions by the LRA to include increased capacity to deploy troops and conduct operations;
- Welcoming MINUSCA’s internal directive guiding its troops on how to minimize the military use of schools by their troops and the impact of armed conflict on the security and education of children through continued training and awareness-raising efforts, call for full implementation of these guidelines;
- Recognizing the large number of vulnerable children and youth in the country, urge the Government to prioritize rebuilding its education system in order to ensure safe return of students and teachers to schools that were largely devastated in the conflict; and encourage the Government to honor its commitment to protect the schools from military use by implementing the Safe Schools Declaration.
France is the lead country on CAR. Ukraine chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2016.
Vulnerable Students, Unsafe Schools: Attacks and Military Use of Schools in the Central African Republic
- Watchlist Press Release PDF
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2127 (2013)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2016; 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR)||a,b,c,d|
|anti-Balaka (local defense militias)||a,b||a,b,c|
|Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups||a,b,c,d|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.