The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children, in addition to attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka defense militias are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children. In April, the Secretary-General (SG) is expected to report on MINUSCA’s progress and the Council will renew its mandate per Resolution 2217 (2015). The recent UN response to the alleged cases of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) revealed that MINUSCA had the highest reported number of SEA cases of any UN peacekeeping mission in 2015, many of them involving children. Protection actors on the ground are deeply concerned with the lack of assistance provided to survivors in the course of the investigative processes. The Security Council should:
- Urge MINUSCA to fully and effectively implement its protection of civilians and child protection mandate, pursuant to SCR 2217 (2015);
- Encourage MINUSCA to complete the development of the Special Operating Procedures on child protection and ensure that they are integrated into the overall planning, preparation, and conduct of operations;
- Ensure the standard of accountability determined by international law is upheld in the management of SEA cases perpetrated by all elements of the mission, by revising current procedures and agreements with Member States contributing to the deployment of peacekeeping forces in line with the measures recommended by the SG in his report “Special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse: Report of the Secretary-General (A/70/729)”;
- Urge Member States to ensure that all their investigative teams are vetted and trained before being deployed to interview alleged victims and/or witnesses; these teams should: have a strong understanding of the risks involved in investigating SEA cases; consistently ensure that survivors and witnesses are willingly involved in the investigation process and have been properly informed of their rights; always allow a legal counsel to be present when survivors and witnesses are interviewed; and ensure that trained social workers are involved in cases where the survivors and witnesses are children.
France is the lead country on CAR. Ukraine chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2016.
Vulnerable Students, Unsafe Schools: Attacks and Military Use of Schools in the Central African Republic
- Watchlist Press Release PDF
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2127 (2013)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2016; 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR)||a,b,c,d|
|anti-Balaka (local defense militias)||a,b||a,b,c|
|Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups||a,b,c,d|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.