The ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka is listed for recruitment and use, and killing and maiming. The DRC armed forces (FARDC), listed for recruitment and use and rape and other forms of sexual violence in the DRC, are currently operating in CAR under the auspices of the African Union as part of MISCA. The DRC signed an action plan with the UN in 2012 but have yet to fully implement it. On 15 September, MINUSCA will formally take over from MISCA, pursuant to SCR 2149 (2014). The Security Council should:
- Insist that the re-hatting and participation of the FARDC in MINUSCA be conditioned on full-compliance with time-bound benchmarks for action plan implementation;
- Request detailed information from the SG on the screening of all MINUSCA troops to ensure perpetrators and/or children are not included in the ranks;
- Call for training of all peacekeeping forces in international humanitarian and human rights law, including on protection of civilians and child protection;
- Request MINUSCA to ensure adequate resources for child protection advisors to be deployed in all field locations. This essential capacity will be critical to negotiate action plans with armed groups and enhance the monitoring and reporting on grave violations against children;
- Request MINUSCA, in close consultations with UNICEF, to finalize the development of standard operating procedures for international forces present on the ground for the handover of children formerly associated with armed forces and groups to qualified child protection agents;
- In line with the 23 July ceasefire agreement signed between the parties at the end of the Brazzaville Forum for National Reconciliation in CAR, urge all parties to immediately cease all recruitment and use of children;
- Urge the Government, in collaboration with UNICEF and MINUSCA, to develop a strategy for the identification, release, and reintegration of children associated with armed forces or groups, and support its rapid implementation.
France is the lead country on CAR. Lithuania chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee and Jordan is the Vice-Chair.
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)*||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|anti-Balaka (local defense militias)||a,b|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.