The ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka is listed for recruitment and use, and killing and maiming. In April 2015, MINUSCA’s mandate is expected to be renewed and its progress report to the Council is due, pursuant to SCR 2149 (2014). The Congolese armed forces (FARDC), listed for recruitment and use and rape and other forms of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), are currently operating as MINUSCA peacekeepers. Four hundred out of the 800 FARDC troops currently stationed there are expected to return to the DRC by July 2015. The DRC signed an action plan with the UN in 2012, but has yet to fully implement it. The Security Council should:
- In line with 23 July ceasefire agreement signed between the parties at the end of the Brazzaville Forum for National Reconciliation in CAR, urge all parties to immediately cease all recruitment and use and other grave violations against children;
- Bearing in mind the mandate renewal, ensure the deployment of adequate capacity to effectively fulfil MINUSCA’s protection of civilians (PoC) mandate, including authorized strength of uniformed personnel, child protection advisors, and experts on sexual and gender-based violence; and ensure its PoC mandate provision on deterring violence against civilians through active patrolling includes schools, hospitals and places of worship;
- Call on Member States and the African Union to ensure that all of their peacekeeping forces are trained in international humanitarian and human rights law, including on protection of civilians and child protection, and to propose a mechanism to monitor that these trainings have taken place;
- Urge the Transitional Authorities, in collaboration with UNICEF, to accelerate the finalization and implementation of a strategy for identification, release, and reintegration of children associated with armed forces and groups, and support its rapid implementation, in line with the 23 July ceasefire agreement signed between the parties;
- Express deep concern for the military use of schools, recognizing that such use may render schools legitimate targets of attack and endanger children’s safety and education; and furthermore, encourage parties to protect the civilian character of these institutions and, where possible, for MINUSCA and other humanitarian authorities to systematically advocate for armed actors to vacate schools;
- In light of the fact that the FARDC, a listed government force, are contributing troops to a peacekeeping mission, welcome the reduction in size of the Congolese battalion and encourage that all FARDC troops be sent home until their action plan is fully implemented.
France is the lead country on CAR. Lithuania chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee and Jordan is the Vice-Chair.
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR)||a,b,c,d|
|anti-Balaka (local defense militias)||a,b|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.