The ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka is listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. On 28 April, the Council renewed MINUSCA’s mandate pursuant to SCR 2217 (2015). In August, the Secretary-General’s (SG) report on MINUSCA’s progress is due. The Security Council should:
- In expression of concern over the continuous trend of violations, urge MINUSCA to include attacks or threats of attacks on schools in the protection of civilian assessment in determining where to send patrols;
- Urge MINUSCA and the UN Country Team (UNCT) to take steps to ensure that armed groups’ 5 May 2015 commitment to release children and end child recruitment is implemented immediately, including through the signature of time-bound Action Plans with the UN; and furthermore, ensure that sufficient resources are allocated to the implementation and monitoring of Action Plans;
- Urge the Transitional Authorities, in collaboration with UNICEF, to accelerate the finalization and implementation of a strategy to identify, release, and reintegrate all children associated with armed forces and groups, and support its rapid implementation; such strategy should be community-based and take into account the challenge presented by children recruited and used within their own communities; implementation of the strategy should be led by UNICEF to improve coordination and ensure that programs conform to international best practice standards, for which training of DDR actors will be necessary;
- Urge Member States to significantly increase funding for child DDR, psychosocial programming and education in CAR to allow the Government, MINUSCA and the UNCT to ensure prompt release, recovery and reintegration of all children associated with armed forces and groups.
France is the lead country on CAR. Lithuania chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee and Jordan is the Vice-Chair.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2015.
Vulnerable Students, Unsafe Schools: Attacks and Military Use of Schools in the Central African Republic
- Watchlist Press Release PDF
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR)||a,b,c,d|
|anti-Balaka (local defense militias)||a,b||a,b,c|
|Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups||a,b,c,d|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.