Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children, in addition to attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka defense militias are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children. On January 27, the Security Council renewed the Panel of Experts’ mandate, pursuant to SCR 2196 (2015). The Panel submitted its final report (S/2015/936*) to the Sanctions Committee in December 2015. The Council Members should:

  • Immediately review and approve designations for individuals, presented by the Panel, who have committed grave violations against children as per SCR 2196; and furthermore, enforce travel bans and other restrictions for those previously sanctioned through the CAR Sanctions regime without delay;
  • In preparation for the upcoming legislative elections, urge the National Election Authority and Transitional Constitutional Court to bar from participation any candidates sanctioned by the Committee, in keeping with the Transitional Government’s commitment to hold accountable individuals responsible for committing war crimes and crimes against humanity in CAR since 2003 through the Special Criminal Court;
  • In light of the increasing number of attacks and abductions perpetrated by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), including of children, in the eastern and southern prefectures of CAR, welcome recent measures taken by MINUSCA to respond to LRA violence and encourage MINUSCA to take additional steps to protect civilians, including through increasing its presence and patrols in key areas, facilitating a secure environment for civilian-led delivery of humanitarian assistance, and expanding and enhancing coordination with the African Union Regional Task Force (AU RTF) and US military advisers in LRA-affected areas;
  • Encourage donor countries to provide financial and logistical support for the establishment of the Special Criminal Court, and ensure that its judicial framework enables the prosecution of alleged perpetrators of grave violations against children; the framework should also ensure the protection of children as victims and witnesses.

France is the lead country on CAR. Ukraine chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee and Japan is the Vice-Chair.

 

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2016.


Field Monitors


 

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009


Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC) a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR) a,b,c,d
anti-Balaka (local defense militias) a,b a,b,c
Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups a,b,c,d
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.