The ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. The anti-Balaka is listed for recruitment and use, and killing and maiming. The Panel of Experts Final Report is due, pursuant to SCR 2127 (2013). The designation criteria for the 2127 Sanctions Committee, expanded in SCR 2134 (2014), include recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on schools and/or hospitals, acts involving sexual violence, abductions, and obstruction of humanitarian access. The Security Council should:
- Call on the Sanctions Committee and/or the Council to designate individuals and entities responsible for grave violations against children, in accordance with its designation criteria, including recruitment and use of children, acts involving sexual violence, attacks on schools and/or hospitals, abductions, and obstruction of humanitarian access;
- Support the work of the Panel of Experts in identifying individuals responsible for committing grave violations against children, including through travel bans and assets freezes where credible evidence exists;
- Request the SRSG-CAAC to regularly share information with the Sanctions Committee on those responsible for committing grave violations against children;
- Call on all parties to allow unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance and encourage the Sanctions Committee and the Panel of Experts to pay particular attention to the denial of humanitarian access;
- Call on the Government to adopt concrete measures to deter military use of schools in contravention of applicable international and human rights law, in line with SCR 2143;
- Support efforts to ensure children receive necessary psychosocial support and access to education, in recognition that too many children in CAR have been out of school since March 2013.
France is the lead country on CAR. Lithuania chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee and Jordan is the Vice-Chair.
Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: An action plan for the APRD was ready to be signed in 2008, but it has been put on hold by the CAR Minister of Defence, who requested that other parties to conflict listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s report be included within the action plan. CPJP (Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix), part of the Séléka coalition, has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 2011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 2011, 2009
Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
|Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~||a, c||a||a||a||a|
|Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~||a, b, d||a,c||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC)||a, c||a||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)*||a,c,e||a,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c||a,b,c|
|Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ)||a||a||a||a||a|
|Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic||a||a||a||a|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~||a||a||a||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale)||a||a,b,c,d|
|Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK)||a|
|Union des forces republicaines (UFR)||a|
|ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR)||a,b,c,d|
|anti-Balaka (local defense militias)||a,b|
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.