Watchlist Activities


The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Local Police (ALP), and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. In September, the Council will receive the next progress report on UNAMA by the Secretary-General (SG) pursuant to SCR 2274 (2016). The last report (S/2016/532) recorded 161 child deaths between January and March 2016, mostly due to ground engagements, explosive remnants of war, and improvised explosive devices. In its midyear report published in July, UNAMA noted with particular concern the military use of 18 schools, 15 of which were used by the Afghan security forces. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to comply with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL), and to immediately cease all violations and abuses against children, and end indiscriminate attacks and use of weapons as prohibited under IHL;
  • Urge all parties to cease attacks or threats of attacks against schools and hospitals, as well as their personnel, in violation of IHL and to respect the civilian character of those institutions and their personnel in accordance with IHL;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete measures to protect schools from military use, and to this end, implement commitments made through the Safe Schools Declaration as mentioned in the conclusions by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict adopted in February 2016;
  • Call for the Government’s continued cooperation with the UN towards full implementation of its action plan and measures outlined in the Road Map, with the support of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting, and for the allocation of adequate resources towards that.

Spain is the lead country on Afghanistan. New Zealand Chairs the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the Chair of the 1988 Taliban Sanctions Committee.


This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans Signed: Government of Afghanistan (January 2011);
Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) established by resolution 1539 (2004) and resolution 1612 (2005)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1267 (1999)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015, 2011, 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.