Watchlist Activities


The Afghan National Police (ANP), Afghan Local Police (ALP), and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-e-Islami and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban are further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals. During the SRSG-CAAC’s February 13-17 visit, the Government of Afghanistan reiterated commitment to fully implement the Action Plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children in the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). In March, the Secretary-General (SG) is expected to report on UNAMA’s progress and the Council is expected to renew the mandate, as per SCR 2210 (2015). The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to conflict to comply with their obligations under national and international law, including international humanitarian and international human rights law, and to immediately cease all violations and abuses against children, and end indiscriminate attacks and use of weapons as prohibited under international humanitarian law;
  • Ensure the continuation of and support for the implementation of UNAMA’s child protection mandate, taking into consideration the situation of children and armed conflict during discussions of UNAMA’s mandate and activities; and to that end, request the SG to maintain dedicated child protection capacity within UNAMA, and to continue to include information and analysis on children and armed conflict in Afghanistan in all his future reports;
  • Call on the Government’s full implementation of the Action plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children and measures outlined in the Road Map per SCR 2120 (2013) and SCR 2145 (2014), extended through the end of 2016, with the support of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR), and the allocation of adequate resources towards the implementation;
  • Welcoming the criminalization of child recruitment and use by the ANSF, call for a general prohibition on the recruitment and use of children.

Spain is the lead country on Afghanistan. New Zealand is the Chair of the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the Chair of the 1988 Taliban Sanctions Committee.


This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: March 2016.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans Signed: Government of Afghanistan (January 2011);
Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) established by resolution 1539 (2004) and resolution 1612 (2005)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1267 (1999)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015, 2011, 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.