Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

The Afghan National Police (ANP), Afghan Local Police (ALP), and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-e-Islami, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals. In February, the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict adopted its third conclusion on Afghanistan. In June, the Secretary-General (SG) will report on UNAMA’s progress per SCR 2274 (2016). The last report (S/2016/218) noted the Government’s endorsement of the national Age Assessment Guidelines. It also noted openings of two more Child Protection Units (CPUs), now totalling seven. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to comply with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL), and to immediately cease all violations and abuses against children, and end indiscriminate attacks and use of weapons as prohibited under IHL;
  • Urge all parties to cease attacks or threats of attacks against schools and hospitals, as well as their personnel, in violation of IHL and to respect the civilian character of those institutions and their personnel in accordance with IHL;
  • Call for the Government’s continued cooperation with the UN towards full implementation of its action plan and measures outlined in the Road Map for Compliance, with the support of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting, and for the allocation of adequate resources to that end;
  • Urge the Government to establish CPUs in all ANP and ALP recruitment centers nationwide, and to expedite the dissemination and implementation of the Age Assessment Guidelines, and strengthen birth and late birth registration to enhance the capacity of the Afghan National Security Forces to identify and prevent underage recruitment.

Spain is the lead country on Afghanistan. New Zealand Chairs the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the Chair of the 1988 Taliban Sanctions Committee.

 

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2016.


Field Monitors


 

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans Signed: Government of Afghanistan (January 2011);
Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) established by resolution 1539 (2004) and resolution 1612 (2005)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1267 (1999)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015, 2011, 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA


Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.