Watchlist Activities


The Afghan National Police, including the Local Police, and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-e-Islami and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban are further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals. On 1 August 2013, the Government of Afghanistan reconfirmed its commitment to end and prevent recruitment and use of children by endorsing a ‘Road Map Towards Compliance’ with the UN. In September, the Secretary-General (SG) is due to report on UNAMA’s progress as per SCR 2210 (2015). In its Midyear Report on Protection of Civilians in Armed conflict, UNAMA notes a 13 percent increase in child casualties as compared to the first six months of 2014, and states that one in four civilian casualties in Afghanistan is a child. Council Members should:

  • Urge the SG to continue to include the matter of children and armed conflict in Afghanistan in all future reports, and to this end, maintain the capacity of UNAMA’s human rights section and dedicated child protection capacity within that section;
  • Urge key stakeholders, including UNAMA and UNICEF, engaging in the SG’s examination of the UN’s role, structure and activities in Afghanistan to include key child protection concerns in their assessments, and furthermore, request the SG to include in his final report recommendations based on that assessment;
  • Call on the Government’s full implementation of the measures outlined in the Road Map per SCR 2120 (2013) and SCR 2145 (2014) with the support of the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR);
  • Urge the Government to provide unimpeded access to its military sites and other areas where children may be present to enable the CTFMR to assist in identifying, registering and discharging all children present in the ranks of ANSF.

Spain is the lead country on Afghanistan. New Zealand is the Chair of the 1267 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the Chair of the 1988 Afghanistan Sanctions Committee.


This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2015.

Field Monitors


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans Signed: Government of Afghanistan (January 2011);
Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) established by resolution 1539 (2004) and resolution 1612 (2005)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1267 (1999)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015, 2011, 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.