Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

The Afghan National Police, including the Local Police, and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-e-Islami and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban are further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals. On 1 August 2014, the Government reconfirmed its commitment to end and prevent recruitment and use of children by endorsing a ‘Road Map Towards Compliance’ with the UN. On 13 December 2014, the Government approved a draft law criminalizing underage recruitment by the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). In May, the SRSG-CAAC is expected to present the SG’s report on children and armed conflict in Afghanistan, to be followed by the Working Group negotiations. The Working Group should:

  • Urge the Secretary-General to ensure that the Government fully and effectively complies with all the provisions contained in the Action Plan and Road Map;
  • Call on the Government to amend the draft law to also prohibit the recruitment of children into armed groups and their use in hostilities, in order to prevent recruitment and use of children by all listed parties, including non-State actors, in accordance with international law and in compliance with the Action Plan;
  • Urge the Government to provide unimpeded access to its military sites and other areas where children may be present to enable the CTFMR to assist in identifying, registering and discharging all children present in the ranks of ANSF;
  • Propose that the SRSG-CAAC participate in the next meeting of the 1988 Afghanistan Sanctions Committee, and with a view to exchanging information on individuals and entities that threaten the peace, security or stability of Afghanistan by committing violations against children, and on ways to better protect children’s rights;
  • Call on NATO-mandated Resolute Support Mission, launched on 1 January 2015, to prioritize child protection as they train, advise and assist the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces and Afghanistan’s security institutions; and to this end, fully utilize the position of a first-time appointed child protection adviser in the Resolute Support Mission.

Spain is the lead country on Afghanistan. New Zealand is the Chair of the 1267 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the Chair of the 1988 Afghanistan Sanctions Committee.


Field Monitors


 

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans Signed: Government of Afghanistan (January 2011);
Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) established by resolution 1539 (2004) and resolution 1612 (2005)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1267 (1999)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2011, 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA


Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.