Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

The Afghan National Police, including Local Police, and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-e-Islami and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. The armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, and the Taliban are listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals. On 1 August 2014, the Government of Afghanistan reconfirmed its commitment to end and prevent recruitment and use of children by endorsing a ‘Road Map Towards Compliance’ with the UN. In November 2014, the Afghan Lower House of Parliament approved the draft law criminalizing recruitment and use of children into state security forces. In December 2014, the Secretary-General’s (SG) report on UNAMA’s progress is expected pursuant to SCR 2145 (2014). ISAF’s mandate is set to expire on 31 December 2014 pursuant to SCR 2120 (2013), and its report is also due. The Security Council should:

  • Call on the Government to amend the draft law to prohibit the recruitment of children into armed groups and their use in hostilities, in order to prevent recruitment and use of children by all listed parties, including non-State actors, in accordance with international law; and to widely disseminate legislation criminalizing child recruitment and use to all members of the armed and security forces, and systematically conduct effective investigations into all credible reports of child recruitment and use;
  • Call on Government’s full implementation of the measures outlined in the Road Map per SCR 2120 (2013) and SCR 2145 (2014);
  • Call on the Government to: develop, adopt, and implement age verification methods aligned with the best international practices; take measures to make birth registration free and accessible in law and in practice, in order to strive towards universal birth registration; and ensure that all military and civilian personnel involved in military recruitment have received child protection and age verification training;
  • Call on ISAF, and any follow up NATO mandated mission, ending its operations at the end of the year, to integrate child protection in its trainings for the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), including standard operating procedures and rules of engagement; and to strengthen ANSF’s recruitment procedures, age verification mechanisms, and independent oversight and accountability measures for the police and other security forces.

Australia is the lead country on Afghanistan, the Chair of the 1267 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Afghanistan Sanctions Committee.


Field Monitors


 

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans Signed: Government of Afghanistan (January 2011);
Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) established by resolution 1539 (2004) and resolution 1612 (2005)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee established by resolution 1267 (1999)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2011, 2008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA


Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.