In Yemen, five parties are listed for grave violations against children. The Saudi Arabia-led coalition was listed for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals in the SG’s 2017 annual report on CAC. Escalating conflict has stalled implementation of the Government’s 2014 Action Plan to end and prevent recruitment and use. In November, the SG will report to the Council on implementation of SCR 2201 (2015) and developments in Yemen. OCHA reported that nearly 1,700 schools have been directly impacted by conflict by June, with more than 1,500 damaged or destroyed, and 21 used militarily by armed groups. OCHA also reported that as of October 2016, at least 274 health facilities had been damaged or destroyed. Furthermore, OCHA’s Director of Operations, in his statement to the Council in October, highlighted concerns regarding limitations to humanitarian access and obstacles to relief efforts. Council Members should:

  • Welcome the listing of the Saudi Arabia-led coalition in the SG’s 2017 annual report, and urge for an immediate signing and implementation of a time-bound action plan with Saudi Arabia, on behalf of the coalition, concretely outlining measures it is taking to protect children affected by the conflict;
  • Urge all parties to conflict to comply with their obligations under national and international law,including IHL and international human rights law, and immediately cease all violations and abuses against children, and end indiscriminate attacks and use of weapons;
  • Welcome the establishment of an international independent investigative mechanism through the Human Rights Council as a means to ensure accountability for violations of human rights and humanitarian law, including all grave violations against children in Yemen, and support rapid and
    unobstructed access to investigators;
  • Adopt a resolution to condemn violations of IHL and human rights law perpetrated against children
    by all parties.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Yemen. Japan chairs the 2140 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: Novmeber 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2011
Action Plans signed: Yemen Armed Forces – recruitment and use of children (May 2014)
Sanctions Committee2140 Sanctions Committee (Yemen)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Yemen: 2013
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Yemen: 2013

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Al-Houthi/Ansar Allah* a a a a a,b,d
Pro-Government militias, including the Salafists and Popular Committees* a a a a a a
Breakaway First Armoured Division (FAD) a
Yemeni armed forces (YAF)~ a a a a
Al-Qaida in the Arab Peninsula (AQIP) a a a
Ansar al-Sharia a a a a
Government forces, including the Yemeni Armed Forces, the First Armoured Division, the Military Police, the special security forces and Republican Guards ~ a a a a
Saudi Arabia-led coalition (removed 24 June 2016 per addendum A/70/836/ADD.1-S/2016/360/ADD.1) b,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.