In Yemen, four parties are listed for grave violations against children. The Saudi Arabia-led coalition was listed for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and hospitals, but later removed pending review. Escalating conflict has stalled implementation of the Government’s 2014 Action Plan to end and prevent recruitment and use. In November 2016, a World Health Organization survey revealed that 274 health facilities have been damaged – 69 completely and 205 partially – as result of the conflict. In addition, the UN has recorded 1,219 child deaths as result of airstrikes and ground fighting, and hundreds more have been injured. Given their monthly briefings on Yemen, Council Members should:

  • Condemn all violations and abuses against children and demand that all parties to the conflict comply fully with their obligations to respect international humanitarian and human rights law, urge them to cease all violations and abuses against children, including killing and maiming, and attacks on schools and hospitals, and call for an end to the use of explosive weapons with wide-area effects in populated areas;
  • Consider supporting the establishment of an international commission of inquiry to investigate alleged violations of international law, including grave violations against children, by all parties to the conflict, and to identify perpetrators of such violations with a view to ensuring accountability;
  • Call for the resumption of the cessation of hostilities agreement, and ensure that child protection, including the release and reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups and preventing and ending attacks on hospitals and schools, is on the agenda for ongoing peace negotiations;
  • Noting the particularly severe impact on children, condemn all attacks on medical facilities and personnel and call for full and prompt implementation of SCR 2286 (2016), and consider additional measures, such as targeted sanctions, to address noncompliance, by any party, with all relevant resolutions to end attacks on civilians, including health professionals, and medical facilities

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Yemen. Japan chairs the 2140 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2011
Sanctions Committee2140 Sanctions Committee (Yemen) was established by Security Council Resolution 2140 (2014)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Yemen: 2013
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Yemen: 2013

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Al-Houthi/Ansar Allah* a a a a a,b,d
Pro-Government militias, including the Salafists and Popular Committees* a a a a a a
Breakaway First Armoured Division (FAD) a
Yemeni armed forces (YAF)~ a a a a
Al-Qaida in the Arab Peninsula (AQIP) a a a
Ansar al-Sharia a a a a
Government forces, including the Yemeni Armed Forces, the First Armoured Division, the Military Police, the special security forces and Republican Guards ~ a a a a
Saudi Arabia-led coalition (removed 24 June 2016 per addendum A/70/836/ADD.1-S/2016/360/ADD.1) b,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.