In Yemen, four parties are listed for grave violations against children. The Saudi Arabia-led coalition was listed for killing and maiming and attacks on schools and/or hospitals, but later removed pending review. Escalating conflict has stalled implementation of the Government’s 2014 Action Plan to end and prevent recruitment and use. In July, the SG will report to the Council on the implementation of SCR 2201 (2015) and developments in Yemen. In S/PRST/2017/7 from June 15, the Council called on all parties to respect and protect medical facilities and personnel, as well as to allow the safe, rapid, and unhindered access for humanitarian supplies and personnel to the populations of all affected governorates in Yemen. Council Members should:

  • Strongly urge the SG to list the Saudi Arabia-led coalition forces for attacks on hospitals in his 2017 annual report on children and armed conflict, based on UN verified data pursuant to SCR 1998;
  • Adopt a resolution to condemn violations of international humanitarian and human rights law perpetrated by all parties;
  • Establish an international and independent investigative mechanism to ensure accountability for violations of human rights and humanitarian law, including all grave violations against children;
  • Ensure full and unimpeded delivery of humanitarian aid, including by lifting the de facto blockade imposed by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition, and support the political process as the only meaningful way of bringing an end to the conflict;
  • Urge the 2140 Security Council Sanctions Committee to include individuals and entities it determines to be responsible for grave violations against children, including attacks on hospitals, and encourage the SRSG-CAAC to continue to share information with the 2140 Sanctions Committee and Panel of Experts on the responsible parties.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Yemen. Japan chairs the 2140 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2011
Action Plans signed: Yemen Armed Forces – recruitment and use of children (May 2014)
Sanctions Committee2140 Sanctions Committee (Yemen)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Yemen: 2013
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Yemen: 2013

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Al-Houthi/Ansar Allah* a a a a a,b,d
Pro-Government militias, including the Salafists and Popular Committees* a a a a a a
Breakaway First Armoured Division (FAD) a
Yemeni armed forces (YAF)~ a a a a
Al-Qaida in the Arab Peninsula (AQIP) a a a
Ansar al-Sharia a a a a
Government forces, including the Yemeni Armed Forces, the First Armoured Division, the Military Police, the special security forces and Republican Guards ~ a a a a
Saudi Arabia-led coalition (removed 24 June 2016 per addendum A/70/836/ADD.1-S/2016/360/ADD.1) b,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.