Syria

Advocacy

Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In November, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), 2332 (2016), and 2336 (2016). In his report (S/2017/794, paras. 7, 15) from September, the SG documents recruitment and killing and maiming of children in indiscriminate attacks in the Governorates of Aleppo, Raqqah, Homs, and Dayr al-Zor. The USG for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator told the Council about UNICEF and WHO reported attacks on Al Mayadin that destroyed a vaccine cold room containing at least 140,000 doses of UN-provided measles and polio vaccines, delaying routine immunization for vulnerable children in the area. Council Members should:

  • Demand immediate and complete implementation of the relevant Security Council Resolutions, and that all parties take effective measures to end and prevent all grave violations against children;
  • Call on parties to conflict to treat children associated with armed groups in line with international juvenile justice standards and promptly release them to civilian child protection actors for support and reintegration;
  • Call on all parties to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with IHL, and to this end, immediately lift all sieges on populated areas, allow for immediate medical evacuation of civilians in besieged areas in need of lifesaving care, and end deliberate water cuts used as a weapon of war;
  • Call for an independent investigation into all attacks on schools and hospitals and ensure these feed into the International Impartial and Independent Mechanism (IIIM) to Assist Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011.

Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans signedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d
al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra) a,b a,b a,b
People Protection Units (YPG) a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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