Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In February, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), and 2332 (2016). On January 23, UNICEF urged all parties to the Syrian conflict to immediately lift all sieges and allow unimpeded and unconditional access to children living in the besieged city of Deir Ez Zor, who were under intense attacks that week, as well as in each of the 15 areas under siege across the country. Save the Children also urged parties to the conflict to immediately grant access to relief convoys and stop stalling on permits and permissions in the 15 besieged areas, and furthermore called for a comprehensive and lasting ceasefire, ending the use of deadly explosive weapons in populated areas and making provision for immediate aid access to all besieged and hard to reach areas. The Security Council should:

  • Call for an immediate and full cessation of hostilities and demand that all parties to the conflict comply fully with international human rights and humanitarian law;
  • Demand immediate and full implementation of all relevant resolutions, particularly SCR 2328 (2016) concerning international observers for evacuation in Aleppo and the fate of remaining civilians in the city, and demand that all parties take effective measures to prevent and end all grave violations against children in conflict, including those resulting from continuing waves of aerial bombardments, and by ending the use of explosive weapons with wide-area effects in populated areas;
  • Call on parties to conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law, and to this end, immediately lift all sieges on populated areas, allow for immediate medical evacuation of civilians in besieged areas in need of lifesaving care, and end deliberate water cuts used as a weapon of war;
  • Noting the particularly severe impact on children, condemn all attacks on medical facilities and personnel and call for full and prompt implementation of SCR 2286 (2016), and furthermore consider additional measures, such as targeted sanctions, to address noncompliance, by any party, with all relevant resolutions to end attacks on civilians, including health professionals, and medical facilities..

Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans SignedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d
al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra) a,b a,b a,b
People Protection Units (YPG) a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.