Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In July, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), 2332 (2016), and 2336 (2016). During the July briefing, Assistant Secretary-General and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator Ursula Mueller indicated that heavy fighting and airstrikes in anti-ISIL operations in Raqqa governorate continue to result in civilian casualties and injuries as well as large-scale displacement. Furthermore, an estimated 20,000 to 50,000 people are trapped within Raqqa city with no way out. With regards to humanitarian access, only one United Nations convoy per week managed to reach hard-to-reach areas, assisting more than 120,000 people. According to Ms. Mueller, obstacles to convoys proceeding as planned include lack of approvals and facilitation letters by the Government; other administrative delays; arbitrary restrictions by non-State armed groups, terrorist groups, and others; and insecurity and fighting. Council Members should:
Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: August 2017.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups||a||a||a||a|
|Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra)||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.