Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In April, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), 2332 (2016), and 2336 (2016). On March 13, UNICEF reported that 2016 has been the worst year yet for Syria’s children since the beginning of the conflict 6 years ago, with 652 children killed (a 20 percent increase from 2015), more than 850 recruited, and at least 338 attacks against hospitals and medical personnel. Council Members should:

  • Call for an immediate and complete implementation of relevant Security Council Resolutions;
  • Given an increase in child recruitment by all parties to the conflict, preventative measures should be taken for children’s release from armed forces and groups, and children captured by opposing parties should be treated in line with international standards and released to civilian child protection actors for support and reintegration;
  • Call on parties to conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law, and to this end, immediately lift all sieges on populated areas, allow for immediate medical evacuation of civilians in besieged areas in need of lifesaving care, and end deliberate water cuts used as a weapon of war;
  • Call for independent investigations of all attacks on schools and hospitals and ensure they feed into the newly-established Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011.

Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2012
Action Plans SignedNo
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Syria: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Syria: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia* a,b,d a,b,c,d b,d,c b,c,d b,c,d
Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups a a a a
Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami a,b a,b a,b
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) a,b a,b,c,d a,b,c,d
al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra) a,b a,b a,b
People Protection Units (YPG) a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.