Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In April, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), 2332 (2016), and 2336 (2016). On March 13, UNICEF reported that 2016 has been the worst year yet for Syria’s children since the beginning of the conflict 6 years ago, with 652 children killed (a 20 percent increase from 2015), more than 850 recruited, and at least 338 attacks against hospitals and medical personnel. Council Members should:
Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2017.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups||a||a||a||a|
|Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra)||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.