Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In November, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), 2332 (2016), and 2336 (2016). In his report (S/2017/794, paras. 7, 15) from September, the SG documents recruitment and killing and maiming of children in indiscriminate attacks in the Governorates of Aleppo, Raqqah, Homs, and Dayr al-Zor. The USG for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator told the Council about UNICEF and WHO reported attacks on Al Mayadin that destroyed a vaccine cold room containing at least 140,000 doses of UN-provided measles and polio vaccines, delaying routine immunization for vulnerable children in the area. Council Members should:
Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2017.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups||a||a||a||a|
|Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra)||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.