Six parties are listed for grave violations against children. In February, the Council will receive its regular briefings on the implementation of SCR 2139 (2014), 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2328 (2016), and 2332 (2016). On January 23, UNICEF urged all parties to the Syrian conflict to immediately lift all sieges and allow unimpeded and unconditional access to children living in the besieged city of Deir Ez Zor, who were under intense attacks that week, as well as in each of the 15 areas under siege across the country. Save the Children also urged parties to the conflict to immediately grant access to relief convoys and stop stalling on permits and permissions in the 15 besieged areas, and furthermore called for a comprehensive and lasting ceasefire, ending the use of deadly explosive weapons in populated areas and making provision for immediate aid access to all besieged and hard to reach areas. The Security Council should:
Egypt and Sweden are leading on humanitarian issues on Syrian Arab Republic.
This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2017.
|Government forces, including the National Defence Forces and the Shabbiha militia*||a,b,d||a,b,c,d||b,d,c||b,c,d||b,c,d|
|Free Syrian Army (FSA) – affiliated groups||a||a||a||a|
|Ahrar al-Sham al-Islami||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)||a,b||a,b,c,d||a,b,c,d|
|al-Nursa Front (Jhabat Al-Nusra)||a,b||a,b||a,b|
|People Protection Units (YPG)||a||a||a|
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.