Sudan

Advocacy

SUDAN

In Sudan, six parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government security forces. In March 2016, the Government of Sudan signed an action plan with the UN to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by government forces. The listed armed groups, namely JEM, SLA/MM, SLA/AW, and SPLM-N, have also made commitments with the UN towards ending and preventing grave violations. On June 30, UNAMID’s mandate will expire and the SG will report on its progress per SCR 2296 (2016). The SG’s report on children and armed conflict in Sudan published in March detailed grave child rights violations perpetrated by both armed groups and Sudanese security forces over the last five years. The Security Council should:

  • Request the SG to ensure continued monitoring and reporting on all six grave violations, and to that end, the Council should ensure adequate resources for Child Protection Advisors deployed to UNAMID; the Government should allow the UN access to conflict-affected areas for the purposes of monitoring and reporting on the situation of children;
  • Welcome the progress made by the Government in implementing its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use, and urge it to fully and swiftly expedite implementation, with the support of the CTFMR;
  • Urge the Government and armed groups to allow unimpeded access to humanitarian actors for ensuring safe and rapid delivery of humanitarian assistance to children affected by conflict;
  • Urge the SLA/MM and JEM to continue to engage with the UN for the purposes of implementing action plans to end and prevent grave violations against children, with the CTFMR’s support, and furthermore, encourage SLA/AW to develop an action plan with the UN; call upon the Government to facilitate and support that engagement.

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Ukraine Chairs the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2017.

SUDAN/SOUTH SUDAN (ABYEI)

In April, pursuant to SCR 2318 (2016) extending its mandate until May 15, 2017, the SG will inform the Council on progress in implementing UNISFA’s mandate, including on the strategic review he conducted. Resolution 2318 (2016) urged all parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, and violations and abuses against children in violation of applicable international law. A dedicated child protection focal point post was recently approved for UNISFA and the staff recruitment process is underway. The Security Council should:

  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Urge UNISFA to complete the recruitment process of its newly-approved child protection focal point as soon as possible;
  • Call on UNISFA to monitor and report on grave violations against children in Abyei, including through the community-based child protection networks trained by UNICEF and partners; particular attention should be paid to the security of children forcibly migrating from South Sudan;
  • Call for strengthening of child protection mechanisms within Abyei, including greater support to the above-mentioned community-based child protection networks, in close collaboration with UNICEF.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: SPLM-North – recruitment and use of children (November 2016); Sudanese Government – recruitment and use of children (March 2016); SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009); SLA/Minnawi – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
JEM – submitted an action plan to the UN on recruitment and use of children (September 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2017; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2017; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNAMID; UNISFA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N)* a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)* a a,b,d a a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)*~ a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)*~ (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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