Six parties are listed for grave violations against children, including Government security forces. In March, the Government of Sudan signed an Action Plan with the United Nations to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by government forces. In November, the Council will receive a Sanctions Committee report pursuant to SCR 1591 (2005). In its last report (S/2016/805) to the Committee, the PoE assigned responsibility to JEM and its senior military leaders (paragraph 121) for the recruitment of children and their use in hostilities in Darfur. In September, Amnesty International issued a report alleging that Sudanese Government forces deliberately targeted civilians and utilized “poisonous smoke” during attacks in Jebel Marra (Darfur) between January and September 2016. The victims of exposure to the chemical weapons agents were mostly children. The Security Council should:

  • Immediately call for an investigation into the use of chemical weapons and given sufficient evidence, prosecute those bearing responsibility for the attacks which caused injury and death to children;
  • Urge the Sanctions Committee to designate individuals named in the PoE’s final report for targeted measures in application of the criteria on grave violations against children;
  • Call on all parties to allow the unimpeded access to remote locations such as Jebel Marra to humanitarian actors, and encourage the Sanctions Committee and the PoE to pay particular attention to the denial of humanitarian access;
  • Request the PoE to continue to investigate allegations of recruitment of children pursuant to SCR 2200 (2015).

The United Kingdom is the lead country on Darfur. Venezuela chairs the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee.

Sudan/South Sudan (Abyei)

In November, the mandate of UNISFA will expire pursuant to SCR 2287 (2016). In his latest progress report (S/2016/864, para 25), the Secretary-General (SG) signaled that given weak child protection mechanisms within Abyei, children fleeing conflict from South Sudan and transiting to Sudan through Abyei are exposed to risks of violence, exploitation, and abuse while on the move. He noted that monitoring of child protection concerns happens through the local social welfare department, and that a drop-in center was constructed in Agok to support the reunification of unaccompanied children with their families. The Security Council should:

  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Call on UNISFA to monitor and report on grave violations against children in Abyei, including through the community-based child protection networks trained by UNICEF and partners;
  • Call for strengthening of child protection mechanisms within Abyei, including greater support to the above-mentioned community-based child protection networks, in close collaboration with UNICEF; particular attention should be paid to the security of children forcibly migrating from South Sudan.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2016.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: JEM (2012); SPLA (2010); SLA/Minnawi (2007)
Sanctions Committee: Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 1591 (2005)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Sudan: 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Sudan: 2012200920082006
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Janjaweed (2007); Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (2009)

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Government-allied militia, the South Sudan Unity Movement (SSUM) a a
Government-supported militias (backed by Government of Sudan) a,b,c,d
Pro-Government militias* a a a a a a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) a a
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N)* a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) a
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) (Minawi) a,b,c,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Minni Minawi* a,b,c a,b a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Peace Wing a a a a
Janjaweed a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,b,c,d,f
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)* a a,b,d a a a a a a a
Justice and Equality Movement (Peace Wing) a,b,c a a a a
Police forces (camel police) a
Police forces, including the Central Reserve Police & Border Intelligence Forces* a,b,c a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,b,e,f a,b,c,d,f a,b,c,d a
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) a,b a,c a a a
Joint Integrated Units of the Sudan Armed Forces and SPLA a
The White Army (Lou Nuer) a,b
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) a a a,b,c a,b,c
Chadian opposition forces a a,b,c a,b a a
Popular Defense Forces (PDF)*~ a,b,c a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abu Gasim/Mother Wing a,b,c a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Free Will a,b,c a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Abdul Wahid* a,e a a a a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Shafi a,e
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Unity a a a a a
Sudan Liberation Army (SLA)/Historical Leadership a a a
Movement of Popular Force for Rights and Democracy a a a
Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF)*~ (including Sudan Police Forces) a,c a,c a a a a a a
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.