South Sudan


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence and abductions. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 action plan. The SPLA-IO signed an action plan in December 2015 to end and prevent recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. In November, pursuant to SCR 2327 (2016), the SG will report on UNMISS’ ability to implement its mandate. The SG noted 445 verified incidents of denial of humanitarian access in his 2017 CAC annual report, mostly attributed to SPLA (182). Council Members should:

  • Continue to maintain UNMISS’ dedicated and standalone Child Protection Section and sufficient CPAs, and ensure that CPAs continue to have direct access to senior mission leadership, have political and operational space to engage with parties to conflict, and lead the mission’s work on the UN-led MRM; to this end, the mission must retain distinct budget lines for child protection;
  • Urge the SG to ensure that child protection concerns are dully taken into account in the ongoing review of UNMISS operations;
  • Call on parties to conflict to facilitate rapid and unimpeded humanitarian access to all populations and civilians in need, in compliance with international humanitarian law (IHL), and to this end, lift all obstacles and restrictions to relief activities.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: November 2017.


In October, the SG will report on the progress of UNISFA pursuant to SCR 2352 (2017) that extended its mandate. In his latest report (S/2017/649 paras. 6, 37) covering the second quarter of 2017, the SG highlighted the weak protection mechanisms for children in Abyei, and the fact that risks have increased due to conflict and displacement from South Sudan to Abyei; however, he noted that child protection concerns continued to be monitored in drop-in centers in Agok, which support the reunification of unaccompanied children with their families. Council members should:

  • Request UNISFA to immediately complete the recruitment process of its child protection adviser in support of the Mission’s role in child protection;
  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on UNISFA, disaggregating data on the six grave violations against children as much as possible, and specifically signaling concerns regarding children and armed conflict to guide Council Members’ actions on Abyei.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016 2017
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.