South Sudan


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence and abductions. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. The SPLA-IO signed an Action Plan with the UN in December 2015 to end and prevent the recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. In February, South Sudan is likely to come up on the Council’s agenda. The last progress report on UNMISS by the Secretary-General (SG) (S/2016/95, para. 46) attributed the majority of documented violations to the SPLA and SPLA-IO, including recruitment and use, sexual violence, and attacks on and military use of schools. The SG noted security and access constraints for the purposes of verification in Bentiu, Malakal, and Juba, but the UN’s Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) was still able to verify 63 of 76 reported incidents affecting 852 children. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to immediately cease all violations and abuses against children and renew their commitment to action plans, while stressing that the perpetrators of such violations will be held to account;
  • Call for an immediate and full implementation of the commitments made by the Government and the Opposition under their respective action plans, with the support of UNMISS;
  • Call on all parties to allow unimpeded access to regions of the country where civilian populations urgently need humanitarian support; and furthermore, release access constraints to allow for the work of the UN-led MRM to be carried out effectively;
  • Urge the Government to take immediate measures towards preventing military use of schools by honoring its commitment to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict made through the Safe Schools Declaration

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: February 2017.


In April, pursuant to SCR 2318 (2016) extending its mandate until May 15, 2017, the SG will inform the Council on progress in implementing UNISFA’s mandate, including on the strategic review he conducted. Resolution 2318 (2016) urged all parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, and violations and abuses against children in violation of applicable international law. A dedicated child protection focal point post was recently approved for UNISFA and the staff recruitment process is underway. The Security Council should:

  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Urge UNISFA to complete the recruitment process of its newly-approved child protection focal point as soon as possible;
  • Call on UNISFA to monitor and report on grave violations against children in Abyei, including through the community-based child protection networks trained by UNICEF and partners; particular attention should be paid to the security of children forcibly migrating from South Sudan;
  • Call for strengthening of child protection mechanisms within Abyei, including greater support to the above-mentioned community-based child protection networks, in close collaboration with UNICEF.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action plans signed: Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) (2010 and 2012); SPLM-in Opposition (2015). The SPLA first signed an action plan with the UN in 2010 when it was still an armed group in what was then Sudan. It signed as the South Sudan’s armed forces following the country’s independence in 2011, and later recommitted to the action plan in 2014 following the outbreak of conflict.
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee was established by Security Council Resolution 2206 (2015)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006
UN Mission: UNMISS

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.