South Sudan


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), SPLA in Opposition (SPLA-IO), and White Army are all listed for recruitment and use. The SPLA and SPLA-IO are also listed for killing and maiming. The SPLA is additionally listed for rape and other forms of sexual violence and abductions. In 2014, the Government of South Sudan re-committed to its 2012 Action Plan. The SPLA-IO signed an action plan with the UN in December 2015 to end and prevent the recruitment and use and killing and maiming of children. In May, pursuant to SCR 2290 (2016), the Security Council will review the Panel of Experts’ mandate extended through July 1, 2017. In March, the Special Representative to the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (SRSGCAAC) briefed the Sanctions Committee on the situation in South Sudan. In its latest report, the Panel found numerous violations by parties to conflict, including recruitment and use of children, and looting and destruction of schools and hospitals. It further stated that the failure of leadership in Juba to hold perpetrators to account remains the key driver of war. Council Members should:

  • Encourage continued and ongoing exchange between the Council and the SRSG-CAAC on grave violations against children in South Sudan, as well as collaboration with the Panel of Experts;
  • Urge prompt human and financial resourcing of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan at the Human Rights Council, in order to facilitate independent investigations with the purpose of ensuring accountability and ending pervasive impunity in the country;
  • With the view to ensuring accountability and ending impunity for grave violations, support the call made by the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan and the Special Adviser to the SG on the Prevention of Genocide, for setting up of the international, impartial, and independent investigative mechanism to collect, analyze, and preserve evidence for future use when the hybrid court mandated by the Chapter V of the South Sudan peace agreement is established.

The United States is the lead country on South Sudan. Senegal chairs the South Sudan Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: May 2017.


In April, pursuant to SCR 2318 (2016) extending its mandate until May 15, 2017, the SG will inform the Council on progress in implementing UNISFA’s mandate, including on the strategic review he conducted. Resolution 2318 (2016) urged all parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, and violations and abuses against children in violation of applicable international law. A dedicated child protection focal point post was recently approved for UNISFA and the staff recruitment process is underway. The Security Council should:

  • Urge parties to cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, including against children, and violations of international humanitarian law;
  • Urge UNISFA to complete the recruitment process of its newly-approved child protection focal point as soon as possible;
  • Call on UNISFA to monitor and report on grave violations against children in Abyei, including through the community-based child protection networks trained by UNICEF and partners; particular attention should be paid to the security of children forcibly migrating from South Sudan;
  • Call for strengthening of child protection mechanisms within Abyei, including greater support to the above-mentioned community-based child protection networks, in close collaboration with UNICEF.

The United States is the lead country on Sudan/South Sudan.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: April 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: SPLA – recruitment and use of children (November 2009; renewed in March 2012 as the national armed forces of South Sudan; recommitted in June 2014); SPLA/M-in Opposition – recruitment and use of children and killing and maiming (December 2015)
Sanctions Committee: South Sudan Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in South Sudan: 2014; 2011200920072006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on South Sudan: 2015; 2012200920082006

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2104 2015 2016
South Sudan Defence Forces, including the forces of Major-General Gabriel Tang Ginyi a,b,c
Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) a,c a,c
Pibor Defence Forces a,b,c
Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)~* a,c a a a a a,b a,b a,b,c,e
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
SPLA in Opposition~ a,b a,b a,b
White Army a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.