Four non-state armed groups are listed for the recruitment and use of children in the Philippines, and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front concluded an action plan with the UN in 2009. Member States should urge the Government to:

  • Actively use the Inter-Agency Committee on Children and Armed Conflict and the monitoring, reporting, and response system on children and armed conflict for providing appropriate assistance and services to all child victims and ensure independent, prompt, and thorough investigations into alleged violations against children;
  • Take immediate measures towards preventing military use of schools, and to prohibit the presence and/or proximity of armed uniformed men in or near schools, which puts children and their education at risk;
  • Guarantee due process for all children detained for their alleged association with armed groups; children should be treated primarily as victims, and deprivation of liberty of children should be used as a measure of last resort and for the shortest possible time;
  • Include child protection in its peace negotiations with the armed groups and facilitate access to these groups with the view to strengthening protection of children in armed conflict.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: MILF – recruitment and use of children (July 2009)
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Philippines: 2017; 2013; 20102008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Philippines: 2014; 20102008

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
New People’s Army (NPA)* a a a a a a a a a a a a a
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF)~* a a a a, b a a a a a a a a a
Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) a
Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)* a a a a a a a a a a a a a
Bangamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.