The Secretary-General’s report (S/2013/258) was published on 1 May and introduced to the Working Group on 20 May 2013. Seven parties, including state and non-state actors, are listed for recruiting and using children. The Government signed an action plan in June 2012 to prevent and end recruitment of children into the Tatmadaw Kyi (national army), including the integrated Border Guard Forces (BGFs). In its conclusions, the Working Group should:

  • Call on the Government of Myanmar to ensure the full and immediate implementation of the action plan by the Tatmadaw Kyi and the BGFs without exception, including through wide dissemination of the action plan within the Tatmadaw Kyi, criminal prosecution of child recruiters, and guaranteeing unimpeded access by the UN to military sites to identify and to secure the release of underage recruits;
  • Request the Government of Myanmar to facilitate UN access to all listed armed non-state actors for the purposes of humanitarian dialogue with a view to concluding action plans and to include the protection of children affected by armed conflict in peace processes and ceasefire negotiations;
  • Call on donors and the international community to ensure that assistance to support security sector reform, including military-military dialogue, contributes to tangible change through the prevention of child soldier recruitment and use, including by strengthening recruitment procedures and age verification mechanisms and independent monitoring and oversight in the armed forces and the BGFs;
  • Urge the CTFMR and the Government of Myanmar to disseminate action plan commitments to communities and local civil society as a means to build broad support for accountability, response and prevention measures.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2013.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw Kyi) – recruitment and use of children (June 2012); Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Karenni Army (KA) have sought to conclude an action plan but the United Nations has been prevented from doing so by the Government of Myanmar.
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Myanmar: 201320092007
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Myanmar: 2013; 20092008

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Tatmadaw Kyi (government army) (including integrated border guard forces from 2011 onward)~* a a a a,b,f a,f a a a a a a a
Karen National Union (KNU) (merged with KNLA in 2012) a a
Karenni National Liberation Army (KNLA) (merged with KNU in 2012)* a a a a a a a a a a a a
Karenni Army (KA) (merged with Karenni National Progressive Party in 2012)* a a a a a a a a a a a
United Wa State Army (UWSA)* a a a a a a a a a a
Democratic Karen Buddhist/Benevolent Army (DKBA)* a a a a a a a a a
Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council* a a a a a a a a
Kachin Independence Army (KIA)* a a a a a a a a a
Karenni National People’s Liberation Front (KNPLF) a a a
Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army a a a
Shan State Army-South (SSA-S)* a a a a a a a a a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.