Three armed groups (Ansar Dine, MNLA, and MUJAO) are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In June, the SG will report on MINUSMA’s progress, including on the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation’s implementation. The Council will renew its mandate per SCR 2227 (2015). Thanks to MINUSMA’s advocacy, Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA), including MNLA, signed a declaration committing to a ban on the recruitment and involvement of children in armed forces and groups. The Council Members should:

  • Maintain MINUSMA’s child protection expertise in support of the Council’s children and armed conflict agenda implementation, particularly with respect to the support for the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) process and dialogue with armed groups;
  • Call upon the Government to ensure that DDR programmes and security sector reform account for the specific needs of children affected by armed conflict and the protection of their rights;
  • Urge the Government to have the relevant authorities immediately transfer detained children to juvenile facilities and guarantee their release, and implement its Protocol d’accord on the Release and Handover of children associated with armed forces or groups, signed on July 1, 2013, with the help of MINUSMA and other child protection actors;
  • Encourage MINUSMA to adopt and implement a directive on the protection of schools and universities from military use, similar to the one MINUSCA adopted in 2015 and recently released publicly, with the view to minimize the impact of conflict on children’s security and education.r

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2016.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Ansar Dine a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (MNLA) a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unicite et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.