Three armed groups (Ansar Dine, MNLA, and MUJAO) are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In March, the Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan with the United Nations to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children. In September, the Council will receive the SG’s report on MINUSMA’s progress pursuant to SCR 2364 (2017). The SG’s public reporting on MINUSMA’s implementation of its child protection mandate pursuant to SCR 2364 (2017) is extremely limited. Council Members should:

  • Request the SG to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on MINUSMA, and specifically highlight key children and armed conflict concerns to guide Council Members’ actions on Mali with respect to child protection;
  • In providing support for the implementation of the Agreement on the Peace and Reconciliation in Mali pursuant to para. 20(a)ii of SCR 2364 (2017), ensure that the particular needs of children are accounted for in the demobilization, disarmament, and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform plans as stipulated by the Resolution;
  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use and sexual violence, with the engagement from the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR), allowing the UN to monitor its progress on implementation;
  • Recalling para. 7(i) of the SCWG-CAAC 2014 conclusions, urge the Government to strengthen its efforts to prevent and respond to sexual violence against children, including by holding accountable perpetrators of such crimes, by removing obstacles in the access to justice and ensuring timely and appropriate care for child victims.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Ansar Dine a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (MNLA) a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unicite et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.