Mali

Advocacy

Three armed groups (Ansar Dine, MNLA, and MUJAO) are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. In June, the Council is expected to renew MINUSMA’s mandate and the SG’s progress report is due pursuant to SCR 2295 (2016). On March 5, Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) signed an action plan with the UN to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children. The March 30 progress report (S/2017/271, para. 40) noted 436 school closures to date in the Gao, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Ségou and Timbuktu regions. The influence of radical extremist groups opposing education and the prevailing security situation continued to affect school closures. In April, OCHA warned about the deteriorating security in central and northern Mali where radical groups threaten teachers and communities, leaving 150,000 children out of school. The Security Council should:

  • Request the SG to provide MINUSMA with adequate budgetary and human resource capacities to effectively carry out its child protection mandate, particularly through the deployment of Child Protection Advisers as mentioned in paragraph 19c(iii) of SCR 2295 (2016); and continue to maintain child protection as a cross-cutting issue across MINUSMA’s mandate;
  • Condemn attacks on schools and call on all parties to the conflict to cease such attacks, reminding that attacks against schools are a violation of international humanitarian law;
  • Ensure that MINUSMA can facilitate safe conditions for the return of teachers and students to schools in the central and northern regions of Mali, thereby securing children’s access to education in face of increasing insecurity, threats, and attacks;
  • In the context of the peace process monitoring which MINUSMA partakes in, ensure that child demobilization, disarmament, and reintegration (DDR) priorities are included under broader security and defense priorities, and that children’s issues are included in the justice and reconciliation process;
  • Urge the CMA to fully and swiftly implement its action plan with the UN to end recruitment and use and sexual violence, with the engagement from the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR), and furthermore, allow the UN to monitor its progress on implementation.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014
UN Mission: MINUSMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Ansar Dine a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (MNLA) a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unicite et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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