Three armed groups (Ansar Dine, MNLA, and MUJAO) are listed for recruitment and use and sexual violence against children. On March 29, the SG’s progress report on MINUSMA is due pursuant to SCR 2295 (2016), including on the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation’s implementation. The last progress report on MINUSMA by the SG (SG/2016/1137) fails to include a paragraph specifically dedicated to the grave violations against children. The Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) Commission ordered a study on women and children, which took place in December 2016, and was validated on January 31, 2017. The study will serve as basis for child DDR discussions. Armed groups continue to recruit and use children, but security constraints in regions such as GAO have made it difficult for the UN to verify violations. The Security Council should:

  • Request the Secretary-General to include children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his progress reports on MINUSMA, and specifically highlight key children and armed conflict concerns to guide Council Members’ actions on Mali with respect to child protection;
  • Maintain MINUSMA’s child protection expertise to effectively carry out MINUSMA’s child protection mandate, particularly with respect to the support for the child DDR process and dialogue with armed groups to end and prevent grave violations against children;
  • Call upon the Government to ensure that DDR programmes and security sector reform account for the specific needs of children affected by armed conflict and the protection of their rights, and specifically to this end, to move forward the discussions on child DDR from the study that the DDR Commission validated in January 2017, involving the UN and relevant child protection actors.

France is the lead country on Mali.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update:March 2017


UN Action

Year listed: 2013
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: No
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Mali: 2014
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Mali: 2014

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Ansar Dine a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation de l’Azawad (MNLA) a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement pour l’unicite et le jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) a,c a,c a,c a,c

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.