Iraq

Advocacy

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is listed for recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, abductions, and attacks on schools and hospitals. The Council extended UNAMI’s mandate through SCR 2367 (2017) in July, and in October, it will receive the SG’s progress report. In his second quarterly report (S/2017/592, paras. 51, 52), the SG expressed concern over the high number of attacks on health facilities and health personnel reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), noting three documented incidents of attacks on schools and hospitals. In August, UNAMI and OHCHR issued a report regarding the Promotion and Protection of Rights of Victims of Sexual Violence Captured by ISIL/or in Areas Controlled by ISIL in Iraq, which provides detailed information on this grave violation against children’s rights. Council Members should:

  • Echoing UNAMI and OHCHR’s recommendations, urge the Government to take concrete actions to end impunity, including through prompt investigation and prosecution of parties responsible for committing sexual violence crimes against women and children, and furthermore, to enhance their protection from sexual violence;
  • Urge the Government to strengthen the provision of and access to specialized and gender-sensitive services for child survivors of sexual violence in armed conflict, including those from ethnic and religious minority groups as per recommendation of the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict; and to this end, call upon donors to support the provision of such services;
  • Urge the Government to endorse the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use through signing the Safe Schools Declaration towards addressing the ongoing issue of the military use of schools in Iraq;
  • Urge the Government to criminalize recruitment and use by all parties to the conflict, and fully commit to work with the UN and other key stakeholders for preventing recruitment and use of children by armed groups, including by Government-affiliated armed groups such as the Popular Mobilization Forces.

United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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