Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is listed for the recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, abductions, and attacks on schools and hospitals. In October, the Council will receive the next progress report on UNAMI by the SG pursuant to SCR 2299 (2016). On August 31, the UN raised concerns about child recruitment in displacement camps in Iraq, and Human Rights Watch reported that Government-backed militias recruited children in at least one displacement camp in the Kurdistan Region to join the fight against ISIL. The Security Council should:

  • Urge the Government of Iraq to criminalize recruitment and use by all parties;
  • Echoing paragraph 11d of the conclusions by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict adopted on May 17, 2016, call upon the Government to ensure the release of all children associated with the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) and immediately end all child recruitment and use by the PMF in line with obligations under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, including by developing and enforcing appropriate age verification procedures for recruitment;
  • Request the SG to ensure that the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) in Iraq, and other relevant UN agencies, continue their efforts to support, within their respective mandates, the Government in addressing violations and abuses committed against children in armed conflict in violation of applicable international law;
  • Strongly encourage the Government to activate the inter-ministerial committee on Security Council Resolution 1612 to discuss and follow up on child protection commitments, in partnership with the CTFMR, and to continue the overall cooperation with the UN system.

United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2016.

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq established by resolution 1483 (2003)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.