Iraq

Advocacy

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) are listed for recruitment and use of children. ISIL is also listed for killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, abductions, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. In January, the Secretary-General (SG) will report on UNAMI’s progress pursuant to SCR 2367 (2017). In December, the SG’s Special Representatives for Sexual Violence in Conflict and Children and Armed Conflict (CAC) delivered a joint statement regarding proposed amendments to the Iraqi Personal Status Law that do not explicitly set the minimum age of marriage to 18, in violation of commitments under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The amendments bear significant impact on preventing and punishing conflict-related sexual violence against children. Council Members should:

  • Ensure that UNAMI and UNICEF have the necessary financial and human resources to ensure effective monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children in Iraq, given their child protection mandates;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete actions to ensure accountability and end impunity, including through prompt investigation and prosecution of parties responsible for committing sexual violence crimes against women and children, as well as other grave violations, and furthermore, to enhance their protection from sexual violence;
  • Express concern regarding amendments proposed to the Personal Status Law, which may have detrimental effects on the rights of girls and the prevention of conflict-related sexual violence against children;
  • Call upon the host Government and other security actors to ensure the protection of women and children displaced from formerly ISIL-held territories and those deprived of liberty for suspected affiliation with ISIL. Children formerly associated with armed groups, including ISIL, should be treated as victims first, and their reintegration should be prioritized. To this end, invite donors to sufficiently fundmental health and psychosocial recovery programs to support their rehabilitation and reintegration.

United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2018

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e a,b,c,d,e
Popular mobilization forces a

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

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