Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is listed for recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, abductions, and attacks on schools and/or hospitals. In July, UNAMI’s mandate will expire, and the Council will receive the Secretary-General’s (SG) progress report on UNAMI pursuant to SCR 2299 (2016). In its June report Nowhere to Go: Iraqi Children Trapped in Cycles of Violence, UNICEF called for an end to all grave violations against children, including killing, maiming, recruitment, and an end to attacks on civilian structures. In considering UNAMI’s mandate renewal, the Security Council should:

  • Ensure that child protection remains one of UNAMI’s priorities, and to that end, call upon the SG to direct financial and human resources towards ensuring effectiveness of monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children in Iraq, especially in areas most affected by conflict, and to include the matter of children and armed conflict as a specific aspect of all his future country-specific reports;
  • Request the SG to ensure that the Country Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) in Iraq and other relevant UN agencies continue to support, within their respective mandates, the Government in addressing violations and abuses committed against children in armed conflict in violation of applicable international law;
  • Reinforce calls by UNAMI and UNICEF, the Co-Chairs of the CTFMR, for the Government to establish an Inter-ministerial Committee on Grave Violations to facilitate direct dialogue between the UN, Government representatives, and other relevant actors on addressing violations of children’s rights, action plans, and conclusions by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict;
  • Urge the Government of Iraq to criminalize recruitment and fully commit to developing a joint strategy with the UN and other key stakeholders for preventing recruitment and use of children by armed groups, including by the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF).

United States is the lead country on Iraq.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2017.

UN Action

Year listed: 2009
Action Plans signed: No
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Iraq
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Iraq: 2015; 2011 
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Iraq: 2016; 2011
UN Mission: UNAMI

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Al-Qaida in Iraq (AQ-I)* a, b a a a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)* a, b a, b, d a, b, d a,b,d a,b,c,d a,b,c,d,e

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.