Central African Republic

Advocacy

The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, the anti-Balaka local defence militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka are listed for attacks on schools and hospitals, and the LRA is listed for abduction. In October, the Secretary-General (SG) will report on MINUSCA’s progress pursuant to SCR 2301 (2016) while the Council is expected to renew MINUSCA’s mandate in November. The Council is considering a troop increase to aid in its Protection of Civilians (PoC) mandate. The SG’s last progress report (S/2017/473, paras. 29, 34) for the period of February-June notes all six grave violations are being documented by the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR). The Government recently ratified the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC). The Security Council should:

  • Pending any troop increase to MINUSCA, ensure that all admitted troops are properly vetted and trained on child protection in compliance with UN standards; MINUSCA’s mandate should be robust with respect to PoC and should take fully into account child protection as a cross-cutting issue;
  • Maintain capacity of MINUSCA’s child protection section to advance and consolidate commitments made by armed groups towards concrete action plans to put an end to and prevent grave violations against children and to facilitate the release of all associated children;
  • Call upon the Government and its international partners to ensure that all efforts to build peace in CAR, such as the road map to peace signed in Rome, include commitments on child protection, inter alia, in the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) processes and to ensure there is demonstrated compliance to those commitments by all parties to the conflict;
  • Urge the Government to finalize the draft Child Protection Code and ensure it prohibits and criminalizes the recruitment and use of all those under 18.

France is the lead country on CAR. Ukraine chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009
UN Mission: MINUSCA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC) a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR) a,b,c,d
anti-Balaka (local defense militias) a,b a,b,c a,b,c
Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

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