Central African Republic

Advocacy

The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, the anti-Balaka local defence militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and rape and other forms of sexual violence. The ex-Séléka are listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals, and the LRA is listed for abduction. In July, pursuant to SCR 2339 (2017), the Panel of Experts’ report is due to the Council. The Panel’s last report issued in December 2016 (S/AC.55/2015/PE/OC.65) made limited references to grave violations of children’s rights. The Security Council should:

  • Encourage the Panel of Experts to continue to support the Sanctions Committee’s work by providing specific information on individuals and entities committing grave violations against children pursuant to its designation criteria, which include recruitment and use of children and attacks on schools and hospitals, and to include information on the grave violations in its reporting to the Council;
  • Immediately review and approve designations for individuals who have committed grave violations against children per SCR 2339 (2017), and enforce travel bans and other restrictions for those previously sanctioned without delay;
  • Call upon Member States to designate individuals and entities involved in planning, directing, or committing violations of applicable international human rights law or international humanitarian law in accordance with criteria set out in SCR 2339 (2017);
  • Encourage a new joint briefing by the Special Representative to the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) for the Sanctions Committee and the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, as in December 2015.

France is the lead country on CAR. Ukraine chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: July 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009
UN Mission: MINUSCA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC) a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR) a,b,c,d
anti-Balaka (local defense militias) a,b a,b,c a,b,c
Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

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