Central African Republic

Advocacy

The ex-Séléka coalition and associated armed groups, the anti-Balaka local defence militias, and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, and sexual violence against children. The ex-Séléka are listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals, and the LRA is listed for abduction. In January, the Council is expected to renew the CAR Sanctions Committee pursuant to SCR 2262 (2016). Since October, education in CAR has taken another heavy hit from renewed violence, as reported by UN agencies. The last SG’s report (S/2016/824, para 33) documented use of schools and hospitals by armed groups in 15 separate incidents. The Government’s 5-year rehabilitation and reconstruction plan, which received $2.28 billion USD in donor pledges at the November 17 Brussels Conference, includes provision of education, as well as a clear DDR strategy. The Security Council should:

  • Call upon armed groups to release all children present in their ranks and urge the parties to conflict, the Government, and relevant stakeholders to agree upon and fully implement a child DDR process as a matter of priority;
  • Condemn attacks on educational institutions and personnel and call on all parties to the conflict to cease such attacks, reminding that attacks against schools are a serious violation of international humanitarian law which they are obligated to uphold;
  • Given recent donor pledges for its reconstruction plan, urge the Government to prioritize rebuilding its education system in order to ensure safe return of students and teachers to schools, and to honor its commitment to protect schools from military use by implementing the Safe Schools Declaration;
  • Retain MINUSCA’s dedicated child protection capacities and Child Protection Advisors (CPAs) and ensure that the CPAs continue to have direct access to senior mission leadership, have political and operational space to engage with parties to conflict, and lead the Mission’s work on the UN-led Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM); to this end, retain distinct budget lines for child protection.

France is the lead country on CAR. Ukraine chairs the 2127 Sanctions Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: January 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2007
Action Plans signed: CPJP – recruitment and use of children (November 2011); APRD – recruitment and use of children (October 2011); UFDR – recruitment and use of children (June 2007)
Sanctions Committee: The Central African Republic Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in CAR: 20162011; 2009
Security Council Working Group conclusions on CAR: 201620112009
UN Mission: MINUSCA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Armee populaire pour la restauration de la Republique et de la democratie (APRD)~ a, c a a a a
Forces democratiques pour la reassemlement (UFDR)/Union des forces democratiques pour le rassemblement (UFDR)~ a, b, d a,c a a a a a,b,c,d
Forces democratiques populaire de Centrafrique (FDPC) a, c a a a a a a,b,c,d
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)* a,c,e a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c,e
Movement des liberateurs centrafricains pour la justice (MLCJ) a a a a a
Self-defence militias supported by the Government of Central African Republic a a a a
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP)~ a a a a a,b,c,d
Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix fondamentale (CPJP fondamentale) a a,b,c,d
Convention patriotique pour le salut du Kodro (CPSK) a
Union des forces republicaines (UFR) a
ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups (CPJP, CPJP fondamentale, FDPC, UFDR) a,b,c,d
anti-Balaka (local defense militias) a,b a,b,c a,b,c
Ex-Seleka coalition and associated armed groups a,b,c,d a,b,c,d

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

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