Afghanistan

Advocacy

The Afghan National Police, including the Afghan Local Police, and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-i-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. In June, the Secretary-General (SG) will report on UNAMA’s progress pursuant to SCR 2344 (2017), and is currently conducting a strategic review of UNAMA. In his latest report (A/71/826 S/2017/189, para. 28), UNAMA verified 119 conflict-related incidents targeting health services or health care workers, and documented 23 incidents of military occupation of hospitals in 2016. In April, UNAMA reported allegations of torture and ill-treatment of children detained on security related charges and noted 38 credible accounts of 85 children interviewed of being subjected to torture or ill-treatment while in custody of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. Council Members should:

  • Given UNAMA’s strategic review, call upon the SG to maintain dedicated child protection capacity within UNAMA, and to continue to include information and analysis on children and armed conflict in Afghanistan in all future reports;
  • Urge the Government to fully and without delay implement the National Directorate for Security directive issued on July 2, 2016, instructing that children no longer be held in its detention facilities and the cessation of transfers of children to its maximum security prison; children currently being held in the high-security detention facility in Parwan should immediately be transferred to appropriate juvenile rehabilitation centers;
  • Urge all parties to immediately cease attacks on medical facilities and personnel and occupation of medical facilities;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete measures to end impunity for violations of international law regarding the protection of medical care in armed conflict, including investigating attacks that may likely constitute such violations and prosecuting and condemning those responsible in a timely and impartial manner;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete measures to protect schools from military use, and to this end, implement commitments made through the Safe Schools Declaration as mentioned in the conclusions by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict adopted in February 2016.

Japan is the lead country on Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Taliban Sanction Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: June 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

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