The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), and three armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-i-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All three armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. In September, the Secretary-General (SG) will report on UNAMA’s progress pursuant to SCR 2344 (2017). From the last progress report (A/71/932/S/2017/508, para. 26), as of April 10, 135 children were detained on national security-related charges, including for association with anti-Government armed groups, and held in an adult maximum security detention facility in Parwan Province. Council Members should:

  • Urge the Government to remove Article Nine of Annex One of the Criminal Procedural Code, which enables the transfer of children to the maximum security detention facility in Parwan and apply fully and without delay Afghanistan’s national Juvenile Code and the National Directorate for Security directive issued on July 2, 2016, instructing that children no longer be held in its detention facilities and the cessation of transfers of children to the prison; children currently being held should immediately be transferred to juvenile rehabilitation centers in the provinces of origin;
  • Echoing the SG’s calls (A/71/932/S/2017/508, para. 56), urge all parties to end indiscriminate attacks and use of weapons as prohibited under international humanitarian law, and urgently prioritize marking and clearing of explosive remnants of war which contribute to the increase in child casualties; UNAMA recorded 436 deaths and 1,141 injuries in the last period;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete measures to end impunity for violations of international law regarding the protection of medical care in armed conflict, including investigating attacks that may constitute such violations and prosecuting and condemning those responsible in a timely and impartial manner.

Japan is the lead country on Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Taliban Sanction Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: September 2017.


UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jamat Sunat al-Dawa Salafia* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.