Afghanistan

Advocacy

The Afghan National Police (ANP), including the Afghan Local Police (ALP), and four armed groups (Haqqani Network, Hezb-i-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, ISIL-Khorasan Province, and Taliban forces) are listed for recruitment and use of children. All four armed groups are also listed for killing and maiming, while the Taliban is further listed for attacks on schools and/or hospitals and abduction. In December, the SecretaryGeneral (SG) will report on UNAMA’s progress pursuant to SCR 2344 (2017). According to the latest progress report (A/72/392–S/2017/783 para. 28), in the first half of 2017, UNAMA documented 32 conflict-related incidents targeting health services or health care workers resulting in 58 civilian casualties. On November 24, the Special Representative to the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict welcomed the transfer of 50 children detained on national security related charges from the maximum-security adult Detention Facility in Parwan to the Juvenile Rehabilitation Center of Kabul province. The Security Council should:

  • Urge all parties to immediately cease attacks on medical facilities and personnel and occupation of medical facilities;
  • Urge the Government to take concrete measures to end impunity for violations of international law regarding the protection of medical care in armed conflict, including investigating attacks that may constitute such violations and prosecuting and condemning those responsible in a timely and impartial manner;
  • Welcome the transfer of children from the high-security detention facility in Parwan to an appropriate juvenile rehabilitation center, and urge the Government to fully and without delay implement the National Directorate for Security directive issued on July 2, 2016, instructing that children no longer be held in its detention facilities and the cessation of transfers of children to its maximum security prison; children should never be criminalized and prosecuted solely for their alleged association with armed forces or groups, and should be considered primarily as victims and alternatives to detention should be given preference whenever possible; as a priority, the Afghan Government should facilitate their recovery and reintegration, and hold those who recruit and use them to account;
  • Urge the Government to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict through implementation of the Safe Schools Declaration it endorsed to address continued military use and attacks on schools.

Japan is the lead country on Afghanistan, and Kazakhstan the 1267 ISIL and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee and the 1988 Taliban Sanction Committee.

This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: December 2017.

Publications

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action Plans signed: Afghan National Police (including the Afghan Local Police) – recruitment and use of children and sexual violence against children (January 2011)
Sanctions Committee: Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in Afghanistan: 2015; 20112008
Security Council Working Group conclusions on Afghanistan: 2016; 20112009
UN Mission: UNAMA

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict

2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Afghan National Police (including Afghan Local Police)~* a a a a a a a a
Factions associated with the former Northern Alliance a
Factions in the south of Afghanistan a
Factional fighting groups a
Haqqani network* a a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-e-Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar* a,b,c a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b a,b
Hezb-i-Islami a
Jama’at al-Da’wah ila al-Qur’an wal-Sunnah* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Taliban forces/remnants of the Taliban* a a, b, d a,b,d,f a a,b a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Tora Bora Front* a a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
Latif Mansur Network* a a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d a,b,d,e a,b,d,e
ISIL – Khorasan Province a,b

a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children

d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children

~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.

News

News