Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

Eight parties are listed for violations. The Congolese armed forces and the FDLR have both been listed in the annexes for at least five years and are therefore considered persistent perpetrators. The Government concluded an action plan in 2012 to end and prevent recruitment and use of children. In March, the mandate of MONUSCO, as set out in S/RES/2098 (2013), is expected to be renewed. The Security Council should:

  • Ensure that MONUSCO’s child protection advisors are able to maintain their essential contributions in monitoring and reporting on grave violations, separating children from armed groups, and advocating for action plan implementation;
  • Call on the Government to establish a professional and accountable national army, including by strengthening age verification in army recruitment procedures to prevent children from being unlawfully recruited or integrated into the FARDC, and in this regard, welcome progress made thus far and continue to encourage the Government, in collaboration with MONUSCO, to adopt time bound measures to implement the 2012 action plan;
  • Call on Member States to support efforts to arrest and to bring to justice those responsible for grave violations against children.

France is the lead country on the DRC.


Field Monitors


 

Partnerships

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Watchlist’s Partnerships Program supports four local civil society organizations to strengthen their capacity to monitor, report, and respond to grave violations against children. Local partners play an instrumental role in mobilizing and training community-based protection structures to alert in case of grave violations. They also engage with local authorities to improve access to referral services and to prevent violations.

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (October 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Democratic Republic of Congo established by resolution 1493 (2003)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in DRC: 2010, 2008, 2007, 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on DRC: 2011, 2009, 2007, 2006
Relevant Presidential Statements: LRA in Great Lakes (2008);
Report of the visit to DRC by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (2008)
UN Mission: MONUSCO
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI) (2007); Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) (2010); Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) (2007); Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) (2008)


Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo a
Forces armees congolaises (FAC) a
Forces armees de la Republique democratique du Congo (FARDC)* a a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,c,d,f a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Goma a a
Local defence forces associated with RCD-Goma a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-National a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Kisangani/ML a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC) (Hema militia) a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC)-Thomas Lubanga and Florimert Kisembo factions a
Parti pour l'unite et la sauvenarge du Congo (PUSIC) (Hema Militias) a a
Masunzu's forces a a
Lendu militias a
Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) a a,b a a,e a a,c a,c
Front populaire pour la reconciliation de l'Ituri (FPRI) (Ngiti) a
Ex-FAR/Interahamwe a a
Mai-Mai a a
Mai-Mai in the Kivus, Maniema and Katanga a,b
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, Maniema and Katanga who have not integrated into FARDC a a,e
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, including PARECO a,d,f a,c a,c a,c a
Mai Mai Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) "Colonel Janvier" a
Mai Mai Simba "Morgan" c
Mai Mai "Tawimbi" a
Forces armes populaires congolaises (FAPC) a a,b
Mudundu-40 a a
Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutebutsi, dissident elements of FARDC a,c
Non-integrated FARDC elements loyal to rebel leader Laurent Nkunda a,e a,b,c,e
Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) a,b,c a,e a,b,c,e a a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d
Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) a,c
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI)/Front Populaire pour la Justice au Congo (FPJC) a,e a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement revolutionnaire congolais (MRC) a,e
Congres national pour la defense du peuple (CNDP) formerly led by Laurent Nkunda and now Bosco Ntaganda a,b,d a,c a,c a,c
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) a,b,c,e a,c a,c a,c
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
* This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).