Watchlist Activities


Ten parties are listed for violations, including the DRC armed forces (FARDC). The Government signed an action plan in 2012 to end and prevent recruitment and use of children and sexual violence by the FARDC. Pursuant to SCR 2198 (2015), the Group of Experts of the Sanctions Committee is expected to provide the Security Council with a mid-term report focused on the areas affected by the presence of illegal armed groups no later than October 30, 2015. In consideration of this report, Council Members should:

  • Call on the Panel of Experts on the DRC Sanctions Committee, established pursuant to SCR 1533 (2004), to dedicate increased attention to children and armed conflict issues, as grave violations are a designation criteria, and extend their investigations to other regions and groups, in addition to North Kivu and armed groups covered in their last report to the Security-Council;
  • Recalling SCR 2198 (2015), call on the Panel of Experts to effectively fulfill its mandate, particularly with respect to designations of individuals and entities for sanctions who are known to commit grave violations against children;
  • Encourage relevant stakeholders, including UNICEF, MONUSCO and the Sanctions Committee, to monitor the prosecution of the FARDC Brigadier General Goda Supka Emery by the High Military Court in Kinshasa for war crimes and crimes against humanity, including recruitment and use of children.

France is the lead country on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Jordan chairs the 1533 Sanctions Committee, and Chile and Lithuania are Vice-Chairs.


This information is based on Watchlist’s Children and Armed Conflict Monthly Update: October 2015.

Field Monitors



In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Watchlist’s Partnerships Program supports one local civil society organization to strengthen their capacity to monitor, report, and respond to grave violations against children. Local partners play an instrumental role in mobilizing and training community-based protection structures to alert in case of grave violations. They also engage with local authorities to improve access to referral services and to prevent violations.

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (October 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Democratic Republic of Congo established by resolution 1493 (2003)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in DRC: 20142010, 2008, 2007, 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on DRC: 20142011,2009,2007,2006
Relevant Presidential Statements: LRA in Great Lakes (2008);
Report of the visit to DRC by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (2008)
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI) (2007); Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) (2010); Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) (2007); Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) (2008)

Perpetrators listed in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual reports on children and armed conflict:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo a
Forces armees congolaises (FAC) a
Forces armees de la Republique Democratique du Congo (FARDC)~* a a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,c,d,f a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Goma a a
Local defence forces associated with RCD-Goma a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-National a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Kisangani/ML a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC) (Hema militia) a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC)-Thomas Lubanga and Florimert Kisembo factions a
Parti pour l'unite et la sauvenarge du Congo (PUSIC) (Hema Militias) a a
Masunzu's forces a a
Lendu militias a
Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) a a,b a a,e a a,c a,c
Front populaire pour la reconciliation de l'Ituri (FPRI) (Ngiti) a
Ex-FAR/Interahamwe a a
Mai-Mai a a
Mai-Mai in the Kivus, Maniema and Katanga a,b
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, Maniema and Katanga who have not integrated into FARDC a a,e
Mai-Mai "Lafontaine" and former elements of the Patriotes resistants congolais (PARECO)* a,d,f a,c a,c a,c a a a
Mai Mai Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) "Colonel Janvier" a a a
Mai Mai Simba "Morgan" c a,c a,c
Mai Mai "Tawimbi" a
Forces armes populaires congolaises (FAPC) a a,b
Mudundu-40 a a
Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutebutsi, dissident elements of FARDC a,c
Non-integrated FARDC elements loyal to rebel leader Laurent Nkunda a,e a,b,c,e
Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR)* a,b,c a,e a,b,c,e a a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI)*/Front Populaire pour la Justice au Congo (FPJC)) a,e a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d
Mouvement revolutionnaire congolais (MRC) a,e
Congres national pour la defense du peuple (CNDP), formerly led by Laurent Nkunda and now Bosco Ntaganda a,b,d a,c a,c a,c
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a,b,c,e a,c a,c a,c a,b,c a,b,c a,b,c
Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) a,c a,c
Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) a,d a,b,d
Mayi Mayi Kata Katanga a a
Nduma Defense Coalition (NDC)/Cheka a,b a,b
Mayi Mayi Nyatura a a
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.