Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

Eleven parties are listed for violations, including the Congolese armed forces. The Government signed an action plan in 2012. In July, the Working Group received the SG’s Report on Children and Armed Conflict in the DRC. The Working Group should:

  • Encourage the Government, in collaboration with MONUSCO and UNICEF, to implement the action plan in full;
  • Encourage the wide dissemination of action plan commitments and related governmental directives prohibiting the recruitment and use of children, and rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, as issued on 3 May 2013 and 18 July 2013, throughout the military chain of command, in particular to those battalions stationed in remote areas;
  • Urge the Government to systematize efforts for the immediate identification, separation and release of children associated with the armed forces, in collaboration with child protection actors, who should be given free and confidential access to military sites for verification purposes;
  • Encourage the Government to develop and implement a national strategy to provide children released from armed forces and armed groups with reintegration support, including programs tailored to the particular needs of girls;
  • Urge the Government to ensure accountability and end impunity for perpetrators of grave violations through systematic criminal investigations into all allegations of child recruitment and use, with the cooperation and assistance of donors;
  • Urge the Government to ensure that perpetrators of grave violations are not integrated or otherwise recruited into the government security services by establishing vetting mechanisms;
  • Call on donors to provide financial and technical support to the DRC government for action plan implementation, especially with regard to the Provincial Technical Working Groups.

France is the lead country on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Jordan chairs the 1533 Sanctions Committee, and Chile and Lithuania are Vice-Chairs. 


Field Monitors


 

Partnerships

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Watchlist’s Partnerships Program supports four local civil society organizations to strengthen their capacity to monitor, report, and respond to grave violations against children. Local partners play an instrumental role in mobilizing and training community-based protection structures to alert in case of grave violations. They also engage with local authorities to improve access to referral services and to prevent violations.

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (October 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Democratic Republic of Congo established by resolution 1493 (2003)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in DRC: 20142010, 2008, 2007, 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on DRC: 2011, 2009, 2007, 2006
Relevant Presidential Statements: LRA in Great Lakes (2008);
Report of the visit to DRC by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (2008)
UN Mission: MONUSCO
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI) (2007); Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) (2010); Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) (2007); Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) (2008)


Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo a
Forces armees congolaises (FAC) a
Forces armees de la Republique democratique du Congo (FARDC)* a a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,c,d,f a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Goma a a
Local defence forces associated with RCD-Goma a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-National a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Kisangani/ML a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC) (Hema militia) a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC)-Thomas Lubanga and Florimert Kisembo factions a
Parti pour l'unite et la sauvenarge du Congo (PUSIC) (Hema Militias) a a
Masunzu's forces a a
Lendu militias a
Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) a a,b a a,e a a,c a,c
Front populaire pour la reconciliation de l'Ituri (FPRI) (Ngiti) a
Ex-FAR/Interahamwe a a
Mai-Mai a a
Mai-Mai in the Kivus, Maniema and Katanga a,b
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, Maniema and Katanga who have not integrated into FARDC a a,e
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, including PARECO a,d,f a,c a,c a,c a
Mai Mai Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) "Colonel Janvier" a
Mai Mai Simba "Morgan" c
Mai Mai "Tawimbi" a
Forces armes populaires congolaises (FAPC) a a,b
Mudundu-40 a a
Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutebutsi, dissident elements of FARDC a,c
Non-integrated FARDC elements loyal to rebel leader Laurent Nkunda a,e a,b,c,e
Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) a,b,c a,e a,b,c,e a a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d
Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) a,c
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI)/Front Populaire pour la Justice au Congo (FPJC) a,e a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement revolutionnaire congolais (MRC) a,e
Congres national pour la defense du peuple (CNDP) formerly led by Laurent Nkunda and now Bosco Ntaganda a,b,d a,c a,c a,c
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) a,b,c,e a,c a,c a,c
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
* This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).