Watchlist Activities

Advocacy

Ten parties are listed for violations, including the DRC armed forces (FARDC). The Government signed an action plan in 2012 to end and prevent recruitment and use of children and sexual violence by the FARDC. In September, the SG’s progress report on MONUSCO is due pursuant to SCR 2211 (2015). The FARDC, listed for recruitment and use and rape and other forms of sexual violence in the DRC, are serving in CAR as part of MINUSCA. On 19 August, the UN announced serious allegations of rape against a minor involving 3 MINUSCA peacekeepers, and the DRC Ambassador to the UN confirmed the peacekeepers belonged to FARDC. In September 2014, the Working Group adopted conclusions on children and armed conflict in the DRC (S/AC/51/2014/3). The Security Council should:

  • Ensure that FARDC troops are rotated out of MINUSCA as scheduled, and not permitted to participate in peacekeeping operations until they are delisted from the SG’s annual report on children and armed conflict;
  • Urge all parties to implement the Working Group conclusions on Children and Armed Conflict in the DRC;
  • Maintain MONUSCO’s capacity to document and verify child rights violations in order to improve reporting and allow for a public review of the status of implementation of the Action Plan, specifically through the work of its child protection advisors;
  • Request the Secretary-General to ensure that MONUSCO, in collaboration with other relevant UN agencies, mainstreams the specific needs of children affected by armed conflict in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs.

France is the lead country on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Jordan chairs the 1533 Sanctions Committee, and Chile and Lithuania are Vice-Chairs.


Field Monitors


 

Partnerships

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Watchlist’s Partnerships Program supports four local civil society organizations to strengthen their capacity to monitor, report, and respond to grave violations against children. Local partners play an instrumental role in mobilizing and training community-based protection structures to alert in case of grave violations. They also engage with local authorities to improve access to referral services and to prevent violations.

UN Action

Year listed: 2003
Action plans signed: Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (October 2012)
Sanctions Committee: Sanctions Committee concerning Democratic Republic of Congo established by resolution 1493 (2003)
Secretary-General’s reports on CAAC in DRC: 20142010, 2008, 2007, 2006
Security Council Working Group conclusions on DRC: 20142011,2009,2007,2006
Relevant Presidential Statements: LRA in Great Lakes (2008);
Report of the visit to DRC by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict (2008)
UN Mission: MONUSCO
International Criminal Court (Date prosecution applied for a warrant of arrest):
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI) (2007); Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) (2010); Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) (2007); Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) (2008)


Perpetrators listed since Security Council Resolution 1612:
2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo a
Forces armees congolaises (FAC) a
Forces armees de la Republique democratique du Congo (FARDC)~* a a,b,c,e a,b,c,e a,c,d,f a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c
Mouvement national de liberation du Congo (MLC) a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Goma a a
Local defence forces associated with RCD-Goma a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-National a a
Rassemblement congolais pour la democratie (RCD)-Kisangani/ML a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC) (Hema militia) a a
Union des patriotes congolais (UPC)-Thomas Lubanga and Florimert Kisembo factions a
Parti pour l'unite et la sauvenarge du Congo (PUSIC) (Hema Militias) a a
Masunzu's forces a a
Lendu militias a
Front nationaliste et integrationaliste (FNI) (Lendu) a a,b a a,e a a,c a,c
Front populaire pour la reconciliation de l'Ituri (FPRI) (Ngiti) a
Ex-FAR/Interahamwe a a
Mai-Mai a a
Mai-Mai in the Kivus, Maniema and Katanga a,b
Mai-Mai groups in North and South Kivu, Maniema and Katanga who have not integrated into FARDC a a,e
Mai-Mai "Lafontaine" and former elements of the Patriotes resistants congolais (PARECO)* a,d,f a,c a,c a,c a a
Mai Mai Alliance des patriotes pour un Congo libre et souverain (APCLS) "Colonel Janvier" a a
Mai Mai Simba "Morgan" c a,c
Mai Mai "Tawimbi" a
Forces armes populaires congolaises (FAPC) a a,b
Mudundu-40 a a
Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutebutsi, dissident elements of FARDC a,c
Non-integrated FARDC elements loyal to rebel leader Laurent Nkunda a,e a,b,c,e
Force democratique de liberation du Rwanda (FDLR)* a,b,c a,e a,b,c,e a a,c a,c a,c,d a,c,d a,c,d
Front de resistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI)*(Front Populaire pour la Justice au Congo (FPJC)) a,e a,c a,c a,c a,c a,c,d
Mouvement revolutionnaire congolais (MRC) a,e
Congres national pour la defense du peuple (CNDP), formerly led by Laurent Nkunda and now Bosco Ntaganda a,b,d a,c a,c a,c
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)* a,b,c,e a,c a,c a,c a,b,c a,b,c
Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) a,c a,c
Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) a,d
Mayi Mayi Kata Katanga a
Nduma Defense Coalition (NDC)/Cheka a,b
Mayi Mayi Nyatura a
a: Parties that recruit and use children
b: Parties that kill and maim children
c: Parties that commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children
d: Parties that engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals
e: Parties that engage in abduction of children
f: Parties that deny humanitarian access to children
~ This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).
* This party has been in the annexes for at least five years and is therefore considered a persistent perpetrator.